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The Effects of Income on the Mortality Rate in the United States - Research Paper Example

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The effects of income on the mortality rate in the United States Your name Institution The effects of income on the mortality rate in the United States It is well acknowledged that individuals and countries with higher incomes have lower mortality rates. Similarly, some events such as droughts, heat waves, and cold spells have non-negligible effects on mortality rates…
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The Effects of Income on the Mortality Rate in the United States
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Download file to see previous pages Based on researches that have been conducted over the issue, mortality rates among poor U. S citizens is attributable to less medical services, poor living, and working conditions, and limited educational facilities. United state records higher mortality rates among the poor population. It is argued that wealthy citizens with adequate educational background have longer life span as opposed to poor Americans with less education (LeViest, 2005). Based on the survey conducted by the national Longitudinal Mortality and in conjunction with other surveys, a higher life expectance was recorded among people whose income was greater than $ 50000 (Aber et al, 1997). Similarly, the research showed that households with income less than $5000 had life expectance that was 25 percent less than those of high-income earners were. Therefore, socioeconomic positive indicators are attributed to morbidity and lower mortality rates in the United States. Studies have shown that mortality rates among African-Americans is much high but lower among the Hispanic-Americans in relation to the white population. It is postulated that health is dictated by the socioeconomic status of the population in question. Other exotic factors contribute to the identified mortality rates apart from education, income, and wealth, exotic indicators. Assessment of gravestones exemplifies social differences among Americans. Larger gravestones displayed longer life spans as opposed to those of poor people. Therefore, the more the number of poor exists in United States of America the higher the mortality rates (Shi & Stevens, 2010). America has been regarded for its advanced emergency care system rather than the finest health care system. This has been exemplified by summoning of Star Wars-type technologies to attend to critically ill or seriously injured patients. The preventive healthcare system still reflects the Stone Age approach (Barr, 2008). Nevertheless, outside factors have been identified as the contributors to health position of Americans. An overview of life expectancy in Europe over the last century shows that it had doubled due to improvement of the sanitary and drinking water system. Nonetheless, over the same period, United State has recorded highest rates of cancer cases in areas surrounding chemical industries. Therefore, it is worth noting that better health is achieved through implementation of practices such as exercise and healthy diet rather than medicines. In regards to this realization, factors outside the healthcare system have usurped the most preconceived factors within the system. Thus, poverty has been ascribed as a major factor towards mortality rates within America (Aber et al, 1997). Several surveys have linked poverty to poor health services. Based on a review of these studies, it is noted that chances of an individual staying alive are influenced by his or her social class position. The difference in mortality rates among upper classes is due to effects of hazardous and toxic physical within the lower classes. In addition, it is attributable to accessibility to inadequate medical services. Rather than absolute poverty, studies conducted by Berkeley and Harvard have shown that inequality income among these classes is an important factor. According to this study, areas with the highest income inequality levels pose higher morbidity and mortality rates. Due to ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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