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Infant Mortality Rate: It is defined as the number of infant deaths in a given year divided by the number of live births in the same year. Normally, it is expressed per 1,000 live births. Or stated otherwise it is an estimate of the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. Infants are children defined as less than one year of age. How does infant mortality rate affect birth rate?
About 25,000 infants die each year. The loss of an infant remains a traumatizing reality for many families and takes a serious toll on the health and well-being of the affected families. It also significantly affects demographic structure of a given country.
The risk of a child dying before completing the first year of age was highest in the WHO African region (63 per 1000 live births), about six times higher than that in the WHO European region (10 per 1000 live births).
63 deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to 35 deaths per 1000 live births in 2012. Annual infant deaths have declined from 8.9 million in 1990 to 4.8 million in 2012. What leads to infant mortality rate?
Infant mortality rate is significant in that, it is used as an indicator to measure the health and well-being of a nation. This is because the factors affecting the health of the entire populations can also impact adversely on the mortality rate of infants. The keys causes of infant mortality include; 1
Born too small and so prematurely- this are babies born before the completion of the entire gestation period. It’s obvious that such babies are mainten aid in the baby incubators until they achieve the required age. However, it sometimes unfortunate that such babies don’t make it, due to circumstances that above the control of the responsible medics.
Victims of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - this is a gracious syndrome that causes abrupt and un-anticipated death of new born babies. At times, such deaths lack medical justification and explanations as to why they
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The research was designed to tackle the persistent nursing shortages in addition to the quality of modern health care and the necessity to employ and keep a framework of qualified nurses in hospitals. The purpose of the investigation was to establish whether there was an indication of transformation in nurse satisfaction whilst there was a change in a nursing practice model as part of a health institution’s effort to attain Magnet characteristics.
The author states that qualitative and quantitative methods’ versatility can be analysed from the fact that “in recent years specialisations such as medical anthropology and medical sociology have relied on qualitative methods to explore issues relating to health, from the micro-context of the hospital ward to the broader socio cultural context”.
The author describes Quantitative Research as ‘the method which investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where and when’. It was noted that qualitative research presents data in language form which is gathered from the study area. In qualitative research, it is thought that the researcher can learn the most by participating.
One of the outstanding differences between qualitative and quantitative research is the fact that it adopts an exploratory nature in a bid to help researchers construct theoretical propositions, while these propositions are tested using quantitative research. Qualitative research is significant in the initial phase of research.
Nursing Issues: Quantitative designs were used to measure, describe, and evaluate hospital performance, nursing education, and distribution of the nurses. Quantitative designs are highly suitable for nursing research, such as, in obesity, compliance with a regimen, or pain.
In this methodology, a hypothesis is arrived at and research is conducted to prove or disprove the theory put forth. The main draw back in using the quantitative approach in the research is the inflexibility of the methodology itself. Although it does have a long standing tradition, the quantitative research perspective will not allow me the depth required in seeking out answers to emerging questions in this newly, uncharted area".
etc. The focal point of this research is based the socially-developed nature of reality thus the researchers come-up with a situation-confined “Statement of Problem”. Researchers seek in-depth answers to “How” and not “What”. Therefore, a qualitative
To analyze critically, the most important components of the appraisal are an evaluation of the appropriateness of the study design to adequately deal on the research questions and a careful assessment of the key methodological aspects of the design. The other important aspects which should be analyzed are suitability of the statistical methods used and their subsequent interpretation, if there could be potential conflicts of interest and the relevance of a research to practice application.
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