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Obesity problems in the UK and other countries - Essay Example

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OBESITY PROBLEMS IN THE UK AND OTHER COUNTRIES Name and Number: Name of the Institution: Date: Introduction Selman (2010, p. 1-13) documented that a majority of the westernized countries were constituted by obese individuals. The United States of America was ranked the highest with an obesity prevalence of 74.1% followed by New Zealand with a prevalence of 68.4%…
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Obesity problems in the UK and other countries

Download file to see previous pages... Sellman (2010, p. 1-13) also reported on the increasing prevalence of obesity in the developing countries, citing Asia, Africa and South America. With the realization of the growing concern as pertains to the problems of obesity in the United Kingdom and other countries, this essay will discuss the main factors involved and outline some of the possible solutions to this global epidemic. Main Problems Involved In the Growing Concern of Obesity in the United Kingdom and Other Countries The United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), defines an adult as being obese if he has a body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 and above. Childhood obesity is documented by Kuczmarksi et al., (2000, p. 1-27) as a BMI equal to or greater than 95th percentile. This concurs with the European Childhood obesity Group where obesity is defined by Flodmark et al., (2004, p. 1189-96) as being at or above the 95th percentile of the BMI. The current internationally acceptable cut off points for obesity are 25 kg/m2 and 30kg/m2 as documented by Cole et al., ( 2000, p. 1240-43), courtesy of the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF). From a global perspective, Catford and Caterson (2003, p. 577-9) documented that the escalation of obesity prevalence could be attributed to reduced physical activity and increased energy intake among people. Most children reported their pass time activity to include playing computer games (68.9%) and watching the television and videos (96.9%). Also the problem of obesity in developing countries could be caused by the recent technological advancement, coupled with economic transition hence adopting the western lifestyle. The problem of obesity could be viewed from the enormous cost encountered by obese people in the risk that obesity poses to their health. Kopleman (2007, p. 13-17) documented that obesity is associated with chronic conditions like: diabetes type 2; coronary heart diseases; cancers of the colon, breast and endometrium; orthopedic disorders and osteoarthritis. Psychological consequences such as anxiety, low self-esteem, emotional distress and depression coupled with economic consequences for the health sector and the economy are also consequences of obesity as reported by McCormick and Stone (2007, p. 161-4). Consequently, children that are obese are predisposed to stigma from other children because of their weight, hampering their psychological and social development. From a global perspective, a review of recent data has revealed an association of obesity with significant health problems in the pediatrics as documented by Sturm, Ringel and Andreyeva, (2004, p.199-205). Childhood obesity has been reported as an important early warning sign of increased adult morbidity and mortality rates. The prevalence, severity and the ethnic differences in childhood obesity have shown the increased prevalence of these children developing early morbidities. A recent study carried out in Australia revealed that of the obese children and adolescents, majority of them were found to manifest with metabolic complications. This evidently portrays the negative implication childhood obesity has on the developing generation. Possible Solutions to Obesity Rigby (2002, p. 1) in a provisional revision documented that IOFT outlined four main goals as it propagates towards preventing and managing obesity globally. The first objective is that it aims at ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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