Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are usually associated with causing mortality risk, studies show that cardiovascular risk increase if the patient suffers from anemia (Fishbane, 2005, p.716)…
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In addition, chronic kidney disease leads to kidney failure due to high costs of medication from patients of low income. According to Fishbane (2005), in 1998, there were over 320,000 cases of patients who received transplantation of kidney, with this number expected to rise in future.
Generally, cardiovascular diseases are associated with chronic kidney disease, since most patients that suffer from chronic kidney disease are likely to die of cardiovascular disease rather than developing a kidney failure. This is the main relationship between these two diseases. However, both diseases are treatable and preventable. Nevertheless, cardiovascular in kidney failure is up to 30 time higher in patients who are treated by dialysis (Sarnak, et al, 2003). Patients who suffer from chronic kidney disease have a five times high possibility to die fast compared to the normal people. Therefore, research shows that since cardiovascular rate is high, early treatment of the disease is suggested is patients with chronic kidney disease (Collins, et al. 2003)....
When kidney function ceases, water, waste and toxic substances accumulate in the body. These are the substances that are excreted by a normal kidney, which a damaged kidney cannot handle. The major causes of chronic kidney failures are high blood pressure and diabetes, however, the choice of ones lifestyle can also lead to this disease. In Ali’s case, heavy consumption of alcohol and frequent smoking at his age is the main cause to the kidney disease. When one consumes a lot of alcohol, it not only interferes with the kidney’s function, but also causes heart and liver disease as well as high blood pressure, inclusive of frequent urinating. Nevertheless, moderate alcohol consumption is assumed fine as long as it does not interfere with one’s health and safety. Moreover, it is advisable for one to consume a glass or two as alcohol prevents heart disease; hence, smartness is required in alcohol consumption, (Epstein, 2007, p.84). Question 3 Describe why Ali’s symptoms (nausea, vomiting, tiredness) have arisen now. When the kidney ceases to function, waste substances are not excreted. These results are associated with some symptoms, since the body cannot function normally. Chronic kidney disease starts with the slow loss of the kidney function, and at first, the symptoms are not visible or there may be none. However, when the kidney function is less than one–tenth of the normal function, symptoms begin to show. When the chronic kidney disease reaches its final stage, known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the kidney no longer functions and dialysis is the only option. In Ali’s case, these symptoms are an indication
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It is evident from the study that physical exercise can assist in preventing many chronic diseases that affect the elderly, assisting them to age with grace. Prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases has become important as it causes more early morbidity and mortality than communicable diseases.
End-stage renal disease (ESRD), sometimes known as chronic kidney disease, or kidney failure is one of these chronic diseases. This paper shall be a case study about Donna, an ESRD patient. First, this paper shall define and describe ESRD; second, it shall discuss the experience of the patient in relation to her chronic condition, comparing this to the typical lived experience of those with this condition; third, an outline of differences in the perceptions held by the patient and their family members concerning the disease shall be compared with the general community; lastly, it shall discuss what self-management education the patient requires, as well as the discharge plan and community re
This condition results in acute failure like injuries, accidents, or in some situations surgeries complications causing the kidney to be deprived of its normal blood flow. In addition to these internal effects of the acute renal failure to the patients, there are external effects of the disease which have proved to be even more difficult to deal with.
renal transplantation and haemodialysis. But technical facilities cannot replace human factor. Nephrology patients need psychological support, diet advising, and high quality care. Because renal diseases could restrict patient's abilities for self-care and worse his/her life quality than multidisciplinary approach should be used in all nephrology units.
According to the report, Chronic Kidney Disease, generally, cardiovascular diseases are associated with chronic kidney disease, since most patients that suffer from chronic kidney disease are likely to die of cardiovascular disease rather than developing a kidney failure. This is the main relationship between these two diseases.
(McDonald et al., 2008)
Indigenous people suffer from ESRD at younger ages than non-Indigenous peoples. Around three fifths of all Indigenous people diagnosed with ESRD in the period between 2004 and 2007 had an age lower than 55 years but only one third of the
The presence of abnormal plasma levels in multiple substances is remarkably consistent. Some of those substances include parathyroid gland and urea. These are classified as uremic toxic substances. Clinical signs of the end stage renal
The synthesis of vitamin D also becomes impaired, which consequently affects the homeostasis of calcium ions and the overall wellbeing of bones. Cardiac complications often arise from chronic renal failure
Several health care providers are needed in the care of a patient undergoing insertion of a dialysis graft. A surgeon is needed to create the access using a tube that is implanted in the arm. A laboratory technician is also of importance in the care of such a patient to carry out blood tests so as to ensure the dialysis prescription is favorable.
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