The proliferation of the communicable diseases is becoming a serious issue for many of the countries. Among many diseases, one of the major diseases is HIV that has been taking away lives of many people in the world. …
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At the outset, it is vital to have an understanding of HIV and the reason behind it to become a serious issue in Australia. HIV is known to be the virus leading to AIDS. HIV stands for ‘Human Immunodeficiency Virus’ whereas AIDS stands for ‘Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome’. HIV tends to destroy the cells of the immune system of the body that leads to the incapability of the body to battle against infections as well as certain sorts of cancers. The people who are caught with having AIDS are found to get severe diseases that are caused because of the microbes such as viruses as well as bacteria.
There are various means through which the virus tends to transmit to the partners’ body. A person suffering from AIDS is probable to spread the virus to other person’s body when they come in contact with each other.
The national survey report conducted in Australia for the ‘sexually transmitted diseases’ has found that there has been rise in the rate of the HIV infections amid the people who are above the age of 55. Further to be noted, a significant populace of Australia are testing to be HIV positive. The number as registered in October 2010 has been approximately 20,000 Australians. It was also noted that there were 1050 new infections in the year 2009. This number is quite a tiny fraction of the total number of the Australians who are being infected by the disease called Chlamydia. Most of the people who belong to the age group of 30 seem to have contracting that STD (sexually transmitted diseases) which is described by the researchers as being Chlamydia epidemic. The reason behind the senior population of the Australia suffering from HIV has been manifold. The point to note is that the people who are getting infected with the HIV kind of diseases tend to be of the generation who has already been in the world when the HIV first affected the world or became pronounced. Therefore, those people tend to have their peers who may also be infected by HIV. In this regard, it can be demonstrated that with the decline in the age of the person, the number of the people who are infected with HIV tends to decline. The main reason behind this is that the HIV infection spreads amongst those peers who come in contact with each other. It was found from the survey that since Australia has relation with other countries of the world, people from other countries suffering from HIV/ AIDS tend to bring with them HIV into Australia. These people are already infected from HIV in their country from where they are actually originated, generally unaware of the fact that they are living with HIV. They come to know regarding it only during the process of migration or at times when Australians raise health concerns. In addition to this the Australians who go overseas for the purpose of higher studies or for other matters tend to get infected with the virus. The part of the globe where the Australians are going out and are getting infected is Asia. The use of the contraceptive devices may assist in reducing the likeliness of the people getting infected by HIV.2 Measures Taken It is worthy to notice that the government of Australia is aiding $11 million so that mothers in Papua New Guinea can prevent transmitting the HIV to their babies. Mothers residing in the country’s highland can be assisted to get the drugs that would stop the transmission of the HIV to their babies in collaboration with Clinton Health Access Initiative. Further, according to the views of Mr. Kevin Rudd, the foreign Minister of Australia, the money would further assist in funding paediatric care for those 700 children who are HIV positive. It has been found that Papua New Guinea in Asia-Pacific region that lies
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The paper helps to identify some of the economic, gender and religious issues with respect to STI and HIV prevention and control in the country. In light of these facts, an evaluation of the current challenges with possible recommendations to prevent and control these diseases has also been made.
Many of the HIV positive patients die leaving doctors baffled every year. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is infects a person leaving him or her physically and mentally distressed. In Nigeria, the deadly virus affects an estimated 3.6% of population. It is essential to high light here that Nigeria has a lower rate of prevalence of HIV aids as compared to other African countries such as Zambia and South Africa.
During the years of 1999 and 2000, the amount of people died in African continent due to HIV is way ahead than the total people died in all wars in the continent. The African continent being most under developed has been a major victim of HIV/AIDS since the disease got discovered.
The main aim of the government in supporting the US initiative was to control the transnational terrorist networks from expanding the roots of terror deeply in Afghanistan. Participation by Australia has helped in realising the goal of the coalition strategy.
This is because no country in this world has a zero percent prevalence rate of the HIV disease. With Australia, the fact that the country is found in the Oceania alone does not present a very glooming picture of HIV infection for the country. This is because according to AVERT (2010), “the number of people living with HIV in Oceania almost doubled from 28,000 in 2001 to 57,000 in 2009.” This means that unlike other regions of the world, the Oceania keep having increasing infection rates.
HIV testing has become one of the methods for its prevention and management and for black Africans in the UK, its application has not gained widespread coverage. This study will be on black Africans living in the UK and their struggle to get tested. In order to do this, a number of researches carried out on this topic will be drawn upon.
The author states that HIV and the disease that it generated AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome had become a cause of concern after some 25 million people all over the world had died and an estimated 40 million had carried the disease since the virus was first identified in 1981. In 2007, 33.2 million people had been infected with the virus.
d financially viable controversy and competition flanked by the United States and its cronies on one side, the Soviet federation and its followers as well1. In this essay, I am going to discuss the economic activities of Australia and Japan, which joined them together, and the
However, both the Australian government and the opposition acknowledge that the country’s security relies on firm ties with the U.S (Leahy, 2013). This is underlined by the US-Australia alliance introduced through the ANZUS treaty, which has been
However, many reports and studies have proved that maternal care in Australia is much more effective than that in many other countries in the world. For example, a new study in the Lancet shows that only 5.1 women die in Australia due to maternal problems
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