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Children born as Amputees from amniotic band syndrome - Research Paper Example

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Children born as Amputees from amniotic band syndrome Introduction Children who suffer congenital limb deficiencies, born as amputees from amniotic band syndrome feel quite different from their peers. Such children are likely to grieve for not having normal limbs…
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Children born as Amputees from amniotic band syndrome

Download file to see previous pages... This is a condition referred to as congenital amputation1. This paper seeks to discuss two main subjects: children born with one or more amputated limbs either from a clot of blood during early pregnancy or amniotic band syndrome; and prosthetics. Congenital disorder is a congenital amputation that is caused by fibrous bands of the amnion which is responsible for constructing fetal limbs to an extent that they fall off because of the missing supply of blood. Amelia is a child born without parts of limbs or one or more limbs. This makes congenital amputation the absence of part of a limb or total absence of a limb at birth. There exist various types of congenital birth amputation defects. A child with a congenital disorder may be missing just a portion of a limb or an entire limb. A complete absence of a limb at birth that leaves a stump is referred to as a melia, or a transverse deficiency2. In situations where portion of a limb is missing at birth, for instance, the fibula bone in the lower leg is entirely missing while the rest is intact, then this is referred to as longitudinal deficiency. There can be situations where only mid limb portions are missing, for example when the feet or hands are directly attached to the trunk; this is referred to as phocomelia. Several questions have been raised as to the possible causes of congenital amputation. ...
Studies have also documented the demographics of congenital amputation. Evidence shows that one in every 2000 babies is born with a part or all limbs missing. This includes all things ranging from missing parts of limbs such as fingers to the total absence of both legs and both arms. Congenital is reportedly least common type of amputation. Congenital amputation has however in history reported to have increased. For example 1960 when many pregnant women received thalidomide drug contained in tranquilizers. The result was a tragedy of the thalidomide. This saw many babies born with missing and deformed limbs4. This particular case showed birth defects presented as deformed small version of the normal limbs. Another subsequent case was seen in the birth defects that resulted from Agent Orange exposure, the defoliant of the United States used in Vietnam, as well as the exposure to the radiation near the Chernobyl disaster site in Russia which left many children with absent limbs and malformed limbs. As mentioned earlier, the specific causes of congenital amputation (absence of part or entire limbs in children at birth) are unknown. The condition has been associated with a clot of blood during early pregnancy or amniotic band syndrome. According to most studies, majority of birth defects are associated with one or more environmental factors or one or more genetic factors. However, what exactly these factors are is not quoted, they are probably not easy to pinpoint. In addition, evidence shows that most of the defects at birth occur within the first 3 months of women pregnancy during the formation of the organs of fetus5. Within the critical first weeks of pregnancy, especially before a woman is aware she is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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