We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Motion sickness is a common problem experienced during travel - Essay Example

Comments (0)
You are the Medical Director for an aeromedical paediatric retrieval team staffed by critical care paramedics. Which, if any, anti-emetic would you choose, and why? Include basic pharmacology of the drug, dosages, indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages and potential side effects…
Download full paper

Extract of sample
Motion sickness is a common problem experienced during travel

Download file to see previous pages... These children become more vulnerable by the time they reach 10 to 12 years. Their motion sickness is mostly when they are riding a car, a train, or are travelling by air; they may also feel dizzy in amusement park rides. There are various preventive measures which can be used for children (Graudins, 2009). Pharmacological measures are also used when preventive measures fail. Pharmacological remedies may be needed due to the fact that persistent motion sickness can lead to drowsiness, apathy, and the feelings of impending doom (Graudins, 2009). Cortical areas may also be affected, this would explain the anticipatory nausea felt before travel. Hyoscine hydrobromide (scopolamine) is recommended for children as an anti-emetic. Based on a systematic review of controlled trials assessing hyoscine, there is support for the conclusion that it is a more effective medical option than placebo (Spinks, et.al., 2007). Hyoscine hydrobromide is also used to manage the side effects of clozapine, that of hypersalivation. Individuals taking clozapine are known to experience difficulty in swallowing, and as a result, saliva builds up in the mouth (Sadock, 2008). Hyoscine hydrobromide helps manage this by decreasing the amount of saliva produced (Graudins, 2009). This drug comes in 300 mcg tablets. ...
In relation to other medications, hyoscine has limited interactions with other drugs. It can however reduce the effect of domperidone and metoclopramide. If it is administered with benzodiazepine or alcohol, it can lead to sleepiness (NHS, 2012). The impact of hyoscine can be increased with the use of similar drugs with similar effects. Hyoscine is also a competitive inhibitor for the muscarinic receptors of acetylcholine. Various side effects have been seen in terms of its short duration of action, often limiting its usefulness, especially when administered orally or parenterally (NHS, 2012). Hence, a transdermal preparation has been established for this drug. Pharmacokinetic assessments discuss that this new means of administering hyoscine limits the absorption rate and the entry of the drug into the system, extending it beyond 72 hours and ensuring means of delivery similar to slow IV infusion. In some cases however, the response to hyoscine has been diverse (NHS, 2012). This may indicate pharmacokinetic differences between the patients. Controlled trials also support the fact that a single transdermal hyoscine patch is better than placebo or oral preparations in preventing motion sickness. Hyoscine, specifically scopolamine controls muscarinic receptors for acetylcholine and performs functions as a nonselective muscarinic antagonist, presenting peripheral antimuscarinic properties as well as central sedative, and antiemetic effects (Ferrell and Coyle, 2010). The parasympathetic scopolamine is similar to atropine and is often applied in issues calling for inihibited parasympathetic activity; it impacts on the eye, the gastrointestinal tract, the heart, and the salivary secretion glands (Zagaria, 2012). Common side effects from the drug mostly refer to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Travel journals vs. travel blogs
Travel journals have been used to highlight the nature of the travel. The success of journals depends on the ability to combine the travel experience and personal perception in the writing. Blogs are a form of diary presented in the digital or online format and enables the sharing of travel information with friends and others.
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Travel agents
PR World was a very small setup with independent group ownership. First Choice is able to offer a greater discount to its customers because of its higher turnover and transaction rate. The number of customers using First Choice will be more than the others.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Time Travel
We plan for the future because we might affect it, while we know the past is out of reach. This is why it makes sense to think what to do tomorrow, but not what to have done yesterday: the time to think of that was the day before, when what is now yesterday was still future.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Electro-Motion Devices
This flow is continuously and closely controlled by valves. Ball valve based control is very critical in most of the process industry application. Therefore, this novel electro-motion device has been developed to operate as a ball valve. The Electro-Motion Ball Valve makes use an electric field that would rotate the ball valve by 90 degrees keeping the valve open.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Evaluate one aspect of care that you have experienced during the course that has changed since you left Nursing Practice in 1999. The practice of urinary cathet
In UK, most of the terminally ill patients with 78% prefer to receive their care from a palliative care rather than at the comfort of their own home (News Medical, 2007). As part of improving the quality of life of the terminally
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Is Lesbianism A Sickness
to the fact that many practices and lifestyles (such as those of homosexuals and atheists) have been cast as psychological deviations by seemingly credible psychiatrists and experts in the field. However, as we now know, there is no evidence to support these claims. Such claims
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Travel Trade
However, it has been observed that such portable devices are misplaced, lost or stolen, while the owner is traveling. Naturally, data stored in such devices becomes subjects of misappropriation or corruption. This puts personal security of
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Leap motion
His success in coming up with the technology was a result of him believing that he had the capability of transforming the human machine interface through combining the learnt algorithms with simple hardware. His close correlation with
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The sickness care system
However, the above systems are mostly referred to as the sickness care system which, has come with many variations. So what is the relationship? Firstly, a healthcare system supports the role of treatment, diseases prevention and
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Discussing the possible use of common property to address the commons problem
According to Hardin, "the tragedy of commons often crept in when there is an established stability among the commons. In this way, each commoner will under natural circumstances maximize the utility
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Motion sickness is a common problem experienced during travel for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us