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Venous Thromboembolism From Public Health Prospective - Essay Example

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Venous Thromboembolism From Public Health Prospective By Insert Semester Institution Instructor Date: Definition Commonly referred to Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism, this condition occurs in the body’s deep veins in cases of blood clot formation…
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Venous Thromboembolism From Public Health Prospective

Download file to see previous pages... Death can be as high as 73% including mortality due to recurrent pulmonary embolism. The majority of people diagnosed with the disease tend to have it develop again after a long duration of inactivity such as bed ridden patients or people who sit down for long duration in flights or offices. Some clinical conditions such as pregnancy, clotting factors deficiency and paralysis from a spinal cord injury can be predisposing factors for the disease. Introduction Venous thromboembolism comprise of both PE and DVT. One of the most important devastating clinical problems is pulmonary embolism (PE) with its high mortality rate. Survivors of this condition develop long term complications including pulmonary hypertension and the post- thrombotic syndrome (PTS). An estimate of 1 in every 1000 individuals develops DVT annually in the UK and 1 in 10 with untreated DVT resulted in PE. In England the mortality rate from PE was reported as 25,000/year among hospitalized patients. VTE incidences in the US remain unknown, however there are close to 1 million cases reported every year that occur in hospitalized patients and it is responsible for 300,000 deaths. Most of these cases happen even after treatment. However early diagnosis and therapy institution is crucial to the mortality rate reduction. ...
Therefore, diagnosis and treatment of VTE is an expensive affair that many middle level people cannot keep up with which makes them more likely to die from this dangerous disease due to the financial burden. Most governments also find themselves in this nightmare as well. Providing health care to a big population is a big financial public health burden that is likely to dent an economy of a nation. Faced with such challenges it therefore becomes hard to counter and eradicate this kind of disease and many people end up succumbing to it. In US alone there is no systematic way of collecting VTE related mortality and morbidity data records. The information used mostly is based on occurring events and estimates of population based epidemiologic studies and analyzing of hospital patient discharges or databases of health insurance claims (MacDougall et al., 2006). Table One. Some cases of death in USA Pulmonary embolism Up to 200,000 Aids 14,499 Breast Cancer 40,200 Highway fatalities 42,116 Diagnosis of DVT At its early stage, the symptoms of DVT include pain, leg swelling and tenderness. In the case of PE the symptoms are a bit different and noticeable; the symptoms are shortness of breath tachycardia, tachypnea and chest pain. These symptoms presentations tend to be non-specific for both PE and DVT. This therefore requires imaging techniques for confirmation of the diagnosis of VTE in patients with these signs and symptoms (Welch & Bonner, 2010). There are imaging machines that are used in diagnosis with varying sensitivity. Duplex ultrasonography imaging is less expensive and its procedures are less invasive. Its sensitivity and specificity is quite recommendable with about 95% and 98% respectively for detecting ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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