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Type II Diabetes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Essay Example

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TYPE II DIABETES IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA By Institution 7th, September, 2012 Abstract Type II diabetes is the most common type of diabetes among the elderly generation. The disease is mainly linked to old age, unhealthy lifestyles, and habits…
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Type II Diabetes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Download file to see previous pages Education is also a major factor that determines prevalence of type II diabetes among the Saudis. Education promotes healthy eating habits and lifestyles among the citizens. Prevalence of type II diabetes is closely associated with people’s lifestyles and eating habits. Saudis have a higher prevalence rate of type II diabetes compared to their counterparts in other developed countries (Mansour et al. 2004). Type II Diabetes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Introduction Type II diabetes, commonly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes, is the most common among the older generation. It is a metabolic disorder characterized by excessive sugar in the blood and insulin deficiency. The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus in adults, in Saudi Arabia, is 23.7% (Mansour et al. 2004). It has been established that the prevalence rate for diabetes in the kingdom is increasing rapidly, making diabetes a major health issue in the kingdom. The disorder has been confirmed to be a lifestyle disease and the high prevalence rate is an indication of a deteriorating trend. Type II diabetes is associated with loss of bodily functions and inactiveness that is associated with old age (Mansour et al. 2004). Studies have shown that the global increase in the prevalence of diabetes is mostly associated with sedentary lifestyles and high fat diets leading to obesity (Almajwal, Williams and Batterham, 2009). Obese people are at a higher risk of developing type II diabetes. In one study, four out of five people with type II diabetes were obese or overweight. The link between type II diabetes and obesity is that fat induces mild inflammation throughout the body, contributing to heart diseases (Adamson et al., 2001). People with insulin resistance are also at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance is a condition where cells fail to utilize insulin to convert blood sugar to its storage form. Body cells response to insulin can be altered by excessive fat, especially abdominal fat (Almajwal, Williams & Batterham, 2009). Calorie dense diet consisting of refined foods and beverages such as artificial fruit juices or sodas and too little vegetables, raw fruits and whole grains significantly increase the risk to type 2 diabetes (Almajwal, Williams and Batterham, 2009). Too much TV time has also been associated with obesity and development of type 2 diabetes (Al Shafaee et al., 2008). This has been attributed to the high probability of snacking while watching TV. Frequent TV watchers have been reported to consume an average of 137 more calories than their peers consume (Almajwal, Williams & Batterham, 2009). Cutting TV watching time to less than ten hours a week and adding in a daily 30-minute walk was found to reduce cases of diabetes by 43% in one study group (Elhadd, Al-Amoudi and Alzahrani, 2007). Physical inactivity is another significant risk factor in the development of type 2 diabetes (Sargeant, Wareham & Khaw, 2000). Lean muscle mass plays a role in body protection against insulin resistance. A study involving older individuals having abdominal obesity demonstrated that a mix of resistance training and aerobics helps reduce insulin resistance (Vann, 2006). Poor sleep habits have also been shown to increase demand on the pancreas, thus affecting the body’s insulin balance. A survey carried out on adults indicated that individuals who sleep for more than nine hours a night or less than five hours were at more risk of developin ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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