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Canada's healthcare system - Essay Example

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[Name of the Student] [Name of the Professor] [Name of the Course] [Date] Canada’s Healthcare System The Canadian healthcare system makes comprehensive coverage available to all, with relation to the medically essential physician and hospital services. The federal government of Canada has come forward with principle based leadership and financial support…
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Canada's healthcare system

Download file to see previous pages... Thus, there is a sincere attempt by the Canadian healthcare system to provide every resident of Canada with reasonable access to insured essential medical services. The health outcomes essentially consist of, a life expectancy of 79 years, and a 0.56% infant mortality rate. Some of the priorities of healthcare renewal in Canada are primary healthcare reform, reduction in waiting time, improved home care, and human resource planning.2 These services are prepaid and do not involve direct charges at the point of service. However, health services should be provided on the basis of necessity and not on that of the capacity to pay for the same. The provision of healthcare in the US is exemplified by the system of private health insurance. On the other hand, the initial approach adopted in the UK towards healthcare is depicted by the National Health Service arrangement. In the case of Canada, there is a blend of these two systems, which gives rise to a national health insurance system. Canadian society protects certain core values by promoting a measure of autonomy for health professionals and health agencies, while ensuring almost equal access to healthcare by all, irrespective of their capacity to pay.3 It has been claimed by the Fraser Forum that all is not well with the healthcare system of Canada. Some of the more disturbing features of this system are the exorbitant prices being charged for generic drug, in comparison to the prices being charged in the US; significant delay in obtaining access to new drugs, which has been estimated at around 2 years, on the average; inappropriate increase in healthcare spending by the government; and programs that subsidize drugs on the basis of age, rather than economic necessity.4 In order to rectify this unwelcome situation in the healthcare system of Canada, certain measures have to be adopted. One of these measures is that of enforcing prescription drug policies that permit price competition, improve consumer access to medicines, and enhance the affordability of drugs. 5 Furthermore, there should be a circumvention or reduction in the restrictions placed on consumer choice by government planning. Although the administration of the healthcare system is vested with the provinces and territories; the federal government, in accordance with the Canada Health act is rendered responsible for ensuring that the norms of universality, accessibility, inclusiveness, portability and public administration are satisfied.6 In other words, federal funds have to be distributed uniformly between the provinces and territories, health care recipients have to be provided with comprehensive and equal treatment without any exception, and the coverage should be transferable between provinces. In the context of essential medical care, private insurance or extra billing is not permitted. Moreover, the principle of equalization is to be discontinued. Any transfer to the provinces or territories is to be on a per capita basis. 7 This will guarantee more federal funds to the more populous provinces. Furthermore, the less populated provinces are in most of the cases also poorer. Initially, it had been the objective of the Canada Health Act to employ transfer and taxation to mitigate the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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