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U.S. Vulnerable Population and Health Policies - Essay Example

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The so-called health system in the U.S. has not been developed with the sole objective of producing health. In fact, health-care is one of the determinants of health and that too is relatively minor by some measures. …
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U.S. Vulnerable Population and Health Policies
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Health is highly dependent upon an individual’s social behavior and his/her economic condition. Abundant evidence is available in micro and macro data signifying that a large number of health indicators are directly related to numerous dimensions of economic prosperity. More elaborately, people earning high income are most likely to invest more in their health since they have access to better resources such as food, sanitation and health care. Furthermore, there are significant gaps in our apprehension of how the changes in social and physical environment influence the shifts in weight change, dietary intake and patterns of physical activity. However, great development has been made to analyze some characteristics of this intricate relationship. As a result of this development, considerable evidence has been found suggesting that environmental factors such as community policies and resource availability have great impact over an individual’s health as these macro and community level factors determine his/her dietary habit, physical activity and body structure. Hence, the environment is known to be the external context that depicts the individual and household behaviors. Moreover, the built environment that includes the design and physical elements of a city such as the infrastructure of roads, bike paths, sidewalks, etc. and the density of commercial, residential, industrial and forest areas have deep impact over the health of every individual of the society. Other key macro level factors influencing an individual’s health are the legal and policy factors. There exists massive change in the systems of processing, production, shopping and distribution of food behind the major shifts in the dietary habits and physical activities of the people all over the world. The new lifestyle has increased the accessibility to the energy dense foods along with reducing the activities of energy expenditure. 2. Select two vulnerable populations (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD/AIDS alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other drugs abuse). After completing the learning activity, Public Health Information and Data Tutorial, locate data and describes trends associated with the physical, psychological, and/or social health of the populations selected. This paper is based upon the observation of the physical, psychological and social health of people vulnerable to alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other drugs abuse who agreed to participate in the survey of public health information. Data was obtained from two different vulnerable populations: one comprised of high school students and the other included young professionals. It was observed in the survey that the most common casual reason for taking tobacco, alcohol and other drugs included: peer influences, the characteristics of home and community, general perception that they are not much harmful and availability of the substances. Moreover, the study revealed that the economic condition of a community also plays a significant role in the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. On observing the behavior of the drug users, it was found that the use of drugs contributed to the following: Violence, sexual assaults and road accidents. Suicidal behavior. Academic and job issues. Risky sexual behavior. Trouble with the law enforcement officers. Health issues like acute respiratory illness, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, short-term-temporary loss of memory, sexually transmitted diseases, and even cancers of lungs, oral cavity, larynx, etc. Psychological dependence, decreased motivation, anxiety, distrust and depression. Failure in exams and in professional tasks, delinquency and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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