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Primarily, intellectual disability is associated with many stereotypes and myths by many individuals. The culture has engraved some biases and stereotypes on the condition, as well as on the individuals suffering from the condition. Moreover, some families are reluctant to seek medical intervention for fear of being stigmatized by the rest of the community, while other families have resulted in uncouth way of dealing with the sufferers. The result of this is that the sufferers of intellectual disabilities have agonized in this condition, which can otherwise be managed, treated or even reversed.
One of the biases associated to intellectual disability sufferers is that they have a lower life expectancy compared to other normal people. However, studies have shown that there is no clear link between severity of intellectual disability and survival of individuals. In addition, research shows that “the average life expectancy were found to be 74.0, 67.6, and 58.6 years for people with mild, moderate, and severe levels of handicap” (Bittles, et al. 2001). On the other hand, the mild cognitive disability is said to be three times common than the other types. Moreover, there are diseases that are linked with people with mental retardation they include cerebral palsy, seizure disorders, vision, and hearing impairments and hyperactivity disorder.
The number of people living with ID, getting married and raising a family has been rising in the recent years. This is unlike in the past when people with cognitive disability where thought to be unfit for this role, especially parenting; however, “with proper support, adequate education, counseling programmes, social and government support they can sustain meaningful enriching relationships” (May, 2000, p. 121). Despite this happening, compared to normal people, the couples with ID generally have lower family sizes, with
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Vulnerable populations in accordance to the definition given by the oxford dictionary are those that can be wounded or hurt or the population of the society that are open to be hurt by criticism or by attack of other groups.
Vulnerability, as statistics reveal, can hit anyone at any point in his or her lives making them weak and in need for help. However, the recent development in social entrepreneurship and private sector has led to an expansion in the aid made accessible to all vulnerable groups in most countries of the world.
According to Rogers (1997)), vulnerability is an issue of level; it depends on the situation and how one observes and reflects on it. In nursing, vulnerability can be depended and decided from such factors as age, gender, race, ethnicity, social support, education, income, and life changes.
Being vulnerable could range from being exposed to the dangers in the streets (Mares, 2010, p.81), to limited access to health care, and so on. In nursing, there are several populations normally considered as vulnerable to being harmed by the limited access to proper and adequate health care.
To this effect, there is need for the designing and implementation of effective and far-reaching programs to cater for the health of immigrant and refugee communities (Fong, 2003). This paper outlines such a health program for refugee and immigrant populations, exploring the program’s aims/objectives, location, nature (profit/non-profit), and the services therein.
Although there are social buffers aimed at limiting the effects of loneliness, such as depression and mental problems, widows tend to have lower social support levels compared than married people do. Loneliness in widows can be defined as a subjective experience where they lack satisfying human relationships, thus causing the individual to undergo distress.
The specific considerations cover nursing process and the geriatric population (with reference to the Vulnerable Population and Self-Awareness assignment of Week Two). The assessment tools analyzed in this paper are:
Target Population: The relevance of the model is
private organisations providing NHS funded care of the importance of personalised care and dignity and offers practical advice on how to deliver this. They offer practical guidance about investigating suspected neglect and a series of questions for managers to ensure they are
As the discussion stresses the Army is obliged to produce leaders who can comfortably work together with diverse populations and embrace difficulty. This rising truth dictates a call for modification in how soldiers are taught and chosen to lead at the top level so as to regain the initiative in running today’s fluid operational setting.
On the other hand, an individual that fully understands self usually has an easy time making decisions as well as in dealing with others. The concept of self-awareness in entirety has many dynamics; Philippe Rochat (2003) of the Emory University
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