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Alternate Hormonal Treatment Approaches to Metastasis Prostrate Cancer Introduction: The fundamental unit of life is cell. The human body is made up of numerous cells and these cells carry out various functions all throughout the body. Generally growth occurs in the body when the cells divide to form new cells in an orderly way…
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They are in the form of mass of tissue called as the growth of tumor. And the group of many related diseases is termed as Cancer. The tumors can be benign or malignant. Mostly the benign tumors are not cancerous. The benign tumors can be easily removed from the body and their growths are restricted and they never come back and hence it is considered to cause less or no harm to the body. On the other hand malignant tumors are cancerous. And the cells in these tumors are generally abnormal. These abnormal cells grow without any control or order and they never get destructed or they never die. Ultimately they invade the near by tissues or organs causing severe damages. These abnormal cancer cells can always break from the malignant tumors and they can enter the blood stream and the lymphatic nodes. This is the way the cancer cells spreads from the place of origin (Primary) or the epicenter to the form new sites (secondary) tumors in other parts of the body. Thus the process of cancer spreading all throughout the body is called as Metastasis or the advanced stage of cancer which is lethal. While there are tremendous advances in the field of cancer research and treatment, the increase in the mortality rate is still a menace in the medical field. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S and nearly 90 percentage of the cancer deaths are due to metastasis. (Khusial 2008). This paper will deal with the alternate hormonal treatments for the metastasis prostate cancer. Thus prostate is the gland in a man’s reproductive system. It secretes the seminal fluid and nourishes the sperm. “The prostate is about the size of the walnut. It is located below the urinary bladder and in the front of the rectum.”(Nixon and Gomez 2004). For the normal functioning of the prostate the male hormones called as androgens are needed. The male sex characteristics are mainly determined by the male hormones which includes testosterone produced by the testicles. Thus if cancer cells attacks prostate it is termed as the prostate cancer. As discussed the prostate cancer can be of two major types namely the benign Prostrate Hyperplasia which is the abnormal growth of the benign prostate cells, this can be removed and it causes less or nor harm to the human body. On the other hand the malignant tumor in prostate are lethal where the cancer cells spread to the adjacent tissues and other parts of the body especially the lymph nodes, blood stream, bladder, rectum etc. Thus the abnormal cancer cells spreading rapidly causing lethal effect to the other organs is called as the stage of metastasis. “Prostrate cancer develops as a result of a series of faults occurring in the genes that control cell growth in the prostate.” (Chinegwundoh 2011). These faults can be inherited from one generation to the other or can be developed as a result of damage of the DNA. The damage to the Deoxy Ribo Nucleic can be in turn caused by the erratic food habits, cancer-inducing chemicals and radiations. The other risk factor for the occurrence of the prostate cancer encompasses the following elements such as increased age, genetic inheritance and family history of breast cancer, ethnicity, and mainly personal hygiene and dietary components. “In 2007 ,approximately 219,000 new cases of PC were diagnosed.”(Shahani, Braga-Basaria, and Basaria 2008). Prostrate Cancer Staging: “Staging is a system used to describe the size, aggressiveness, and spread of a cancer.”
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