StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Clinical studies of hormonal treatment approaches to prostate cancer - Dissertation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Alternate Hormonal Treatment Approaches to Metastasis Prostrate Cancer Introduction: The fundamental unit of life is cell. The human body is made up of numerous cells and these cells carry out various functions all throughout the body. Generally growth occurs in the body when the cells divide to form new cells in an orderly way…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.4% of users find it useful
Clinical studies of hormonal treatment approaches to prostate cancer
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Clinical studies of hormonal treatment approaches to prostate cancer"

Download file to see previous pages They are in the form of mass of tissue called as the growth of tumor. And the group of many related diseases is termed as Cancer. The tumors can be benign or malignant. Mostly the benign tumors are not cancerous. The benign tumors can be easily removed from the body and their growths are restricted and they never come back and hence it is considered to cause less or no harm to the body. On the other hand malignant tumors are cancerous. And the cells in these tumors are generally abnormal. These abnormal cells grow without any control or order and they never get destructed or they never die. Ultimately they invade the near by tissues or organs causing severe damages. These abnormal cancer cells can always break from the malignant tumors and they can enter the blood stream and the lymphatic nodes. This is the way the cancer cells spreads from the place of origin (Primary) or the epicenter to the form new sites (secondary) tumors in other parts of the body. Thus the process of cancer spreading all throughout the body is called as Metastasis or the advanced stage of cancer which is lethal. While there are tremendous advances in the field of cancer research and treatment, the increase in the mortality rate is still a menace in the medical field. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S and nearly 90 percentage of the cancer deaths are due to metastasis. (Khusial 2008). This paper will deal with the alternate hormonal treatments for the metastasis prostate cancer. Thus prostate is the gland in a man’s reproductive system. It secretes the seminal fluid and nourishes the sperm. “The prostate is about the size of the walnut. It is located below the urinary bladder and in the front of the rectum.”(Nixon and Gomez 2004). For the normal functioning of the prostate the male hormones called as androgens are needed. The male sex characteristics are mainly determined by the male hormones which includes testosterone produced by the testicles. Thus if cancer cells attacks prostate it is termed as the prostate cancer. As discussed the prostate cancer can be of two major types namely the benign Prostrate Hyperplasia which is the abnormal growth of the benign prostate cells, this can be removed and it causes less or nor harm to the human body. On the other hand the malignant tumor in prostate are lethal where the cancer cells spread to the adjacent tissues and other parts of the body especially the lymph nodes, blood stream, bladder, rectum etc. Thus the abnormal cancer cells spreading rapidly causing lethal effect to the other organs is called as the stage of metastasis. “Prostrate cancer develops as a result of a series of faults occurring in the genes that control cell growth in the prostate.” (Chinegwundoh 2011). These faults can be inherited from one generation to the other or can be developed as a result of damage of the DNA. The damage to the Deoxy Ribo Nucleic can be in turn caused by the erratic food habits, cancer-inducing chemicals and radiations. The other risk factor for the occurrence of the prostate cancer encompasses the following elements such as increased age, genetic inheritance and family history of breast cancer, ethnicity, and mainly personal hygiene and dietary components. “In 2007 ,approximately 219,000 new cases of PC were diagnosed.”(Shahani, Braga-Basaria, and Basaria 2008). Prostrate Cancer Staging: “Staging is a system used to describe the size, aggressiveness, and spread of a cancer.” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Clinical studies of hormonal treatment approaches to prostate cancer Dissertation”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1398592-clinical-studies-of-hormonal-treatment-approaches
(Clinical Studies of Hormonal Treatment Approaches to Prostate Cancer Dissertation)
https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1398592-clinical-studies-of-hormonal-treatment-approaches.
“Clinical Studies of Hormonal Treatment Approaches to Prostate Cancer Dissertation”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1398592-clinical-studies-of-hormonal-treatment-approaches.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Clinical studies of hormonal treatment approaches to prostate cancer

Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice

Cosmopolitan/Communitarian divide relates to a dispute on whether or not the state or the species stand in for the limit of human society. In Campbell’s distinguished definition, he explained justice as “like the pre-original, anarchic relation to the other, and akin to the undecidable. It represents the domain of the impossible and the unrepresentable that lies outside and beyond the limit of the possible and the representable.” (1994, p. 472)

In general, there are two contrasting positions in understanding international justice and intervention. In its universal sense, the two perspectives can be distinguished as a particularist and universalist. One perceives in a state-centric manner while the othe...
7 Pages(1750 words)Literature review

Cancer: a Terminal Disease

Only visible progress is observed in the case of breast cancer even though, it is detected in the early stage (3). There are many reasons and characteristic of cancer which makes it incurables some of them are as follows:
Most of the human diseases were classified under two broad categories; 1) genetic diseases and 2) environmental diseases. In genetic diseases, mutation or loss of function in any of the vital genes leads to disease condition and they are generally cured by artificial supplementation of a vital component. For example, in sickle cell anemia where a patient having mutation in both copies of the hemoglobin gene leads to sickle-shaped RBC. The only permanent cure for this disease is bone marrow transplant and gen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Holistic Approaches to Infant Development 0-8 Years

see the child as like a seed that contains all the elements to produce a fruit if given the proper amounts of nutrients from the soil and water along with sunshine and an ideal climate (Brewer, 2001). The Constructivists, founded on the works of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, believe that children are not passive recipients of knowledge, rather, they actively work at organizing their experience into constructing their own learning.
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is a resource for early childhood care and education practitioners to support the needs of young children under their care. It sets standards for learning, development and care for children up to five years of age. EYFS provides a wide variety of information o...
18 Pages(4500 words)Term Paper

Counseling and Methadone in Treatment of Substance Abuse

... and to help them develop effective strategies to cope with them (Carroll, Rounsaville & Keller, 1991). Research shows that positive results brought about using these strategies remain after the intervention is over. Thus in one study majority of patients participating in cognitive-behavioral program maintained the treatment outcomes throughout the following year (Carroll et al, 1994). Other popular types of cognitive-behavioral therapy include Cognitive Therapy (Beck et al. 1993) and the Community Reinforcement Approach (Meyers & Smith 1995). Cognitive therapy “is a system of psychotherapy that attempts to reduce excessive emotional reactions and self-defeating behavior by modifying the faulty or erroneous thinking and maladaptive beliefs...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Community Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population

With the increased awareness and advancement in research, involving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, clinical expertise exists for the prevention and management of chronic viral diseases like HCV among injection drug users, since the mode of infection and behavior of vulnerable population for both HIV and HCV contagion are identical. Since the transmission of HCV is similar to HIV and IDU is the primary risk factor for HCV infection, and coinfection of these two blood-borne diseases cause morbidity and mortality, harm reduction approach and the strategies that address the social and economic harms that impact an individual, community, or society are paramount in preventing the epidemic.

Hepatitis C is the ma...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Ryanairs Staff Treatment and Motivation Problems

To prove that not all of the public accusations against the way Ryanair handles its employees is true; a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods will be utilized using research survey questionnaires. Aiming to strengthen the research survey results, an interview with Ryanair’s human resource assistant manager, customer service supervisor, duty manager, and duty controller was conducted to enable the researcher to gain a better insight with regards to employees’ views on labor unions and the type of motivational strategies used by the company.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline with its head office in Dublin and its main operational base at London Stansted Airport. It is Europes major low-cos...
43 Pages(10750 words)Dissertation

Law Studies: Disposition after the Death

One of the first things that Abelard needs to do is to make sure his wishes are expressed in his will. He may also want to name a close and trustworthy friend to be the executor of his will such that that individual may interview the children of Abelard at the time of his death in order to make a subjective judgment as to whether the children are in fact followers of the Christian faith or if they are only claiming to be. In the event that the children have deceased, then Abelard’s furniture is to go to a museum that may also be executed by Abelard’s chosen executor. In addition to naming the executor, it is critical that Abelard ensure that communication regarding his exact intentions is in detail, within the will and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Treatment of Congenital Deformities of the Talip

Clubfoot is rarely detected in ultrasonography before the 16th week of gestation. Four types of talipes have been identified. The most common one being talipes equine varus, commonly known as clubfoot. In this condition, the foot points down and twists inwards at the ankle joint. The other three forms of talipes are less common and are known as talipes equanovalgus in which the footpoints out and down, talipes calcanovarus in which the foot points inwards and up, and talipes calcanovalgus in which the foot points inwards and down.

Talipes is a complicated condition and its management depends on the degree of rigidity, associated abnormalities and secondary muscular changes (Morcuende et al 2006) In the UK, prior to 2001...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Approaches in Health Promotion

Health promotion must emphasise both the mental and physical aspects of health because many physical manifestations of the disease have their roots in mental and psychological distress. This brief essay presents an examination of health promotion efforts designed to contain eating disorders, which are physical manifestations arising out of mental and psychological burdens imposed mostly by peers in schools. A discussion about eating disorders, which represent disorders with psychological roots, should assist in encouraging communities to inculcate respect for the individual, tolerance and harmony together with education to empower the individual.
It is important to have positive attitudes about health. Healthy nations are lik...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Clinical Governance Approach between UK and Australia

The UK Department of Health defines it as “the framework through which NHS organizations are accountable for continuously improving the quality of their services and safeguarding high standards of care by creating an environment in which excellence in clinical care will flourish.” (Department of Health, 2004).

The term clinical governance gained importance following the high mortality rate for pediatric cardiac surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary. The incident led to the formation by the government in 1998 of the Kennedy Commission, which proved a turning point in overhauling the NHS (Kennedy, 2001). The commission’s final report recommended that change “can only be brought about with the willing...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Clinical studies of hormonal treatment approaches to prostate cancer for FREE!

Contact Us