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Obesessive-compulsive disorder - Research Paper Example

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Name of Student Subject New Developments in OCD Research Name of Instructor Due date Abstract For many years, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was known to be an uncommon psychiatric condition resulting to one’s obsessive behavior. However, today our understanding of OCD has provided an insight about its prevalence and disabling effects on the mind of its sufferers…
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Obesessive-compulsive disorder

Download file to see previous pages... However, recent research conducted by the University of Cambridge in 2011 suggests that the OCD pattern happens the other way around – that compulsions in fact lead to obsessions. This paper will focus on the recent developments in OCD research and other scientific breakthroughs that have helped researchers understand this brain condition. Specifically, it will discuss the research studies on the following 1.) Compulsion as a critical factor in initiating OCD behavior (Gillan et al, 2011); 2.) Development of cognitive behavior therapy designed specifically for OCD patients who are checkers (Radomsky et al, 2004); and 3.) The capability of a brain scan to detect OCD through the examination of underactive brain regions (Chamberlain et al, 2008). By presenting new developments in OCD research, this paper will give researchers another insight and perspective in finally understanding OCD and its adverse effect to one’s psychological health. ...
This statistical data about OCD reveal that the condition is affecting more people worldwide than previously thought. Because of its prevalence and severity, it is important to focus more about research developments on OCD to gain better understanding about this brain condition. Recent developments in OCD research include extensive study about the nature of compulsion and obsession. Also, it includes examining studies on the genetic factors that may affect the development of OCD, as opposed to the popular notion that environmental factors cause it. What is OCD? As the name suggests, obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental disorder which involves two components – obsession and compulsion. As to what comes first, whether obsession or compulsions still remains unclear among researchers. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2010), obsessions in the form of upsetting thoughts cause a person with OCD to feel an “overwhelming urge to repeat certain rituals or behavior called compulsions”. This means that people with OCD tend to experience repetitive and unwanted obsession over thoughts, images or impulses and because of this, they may develop compulsions to do things repetitively such as hand washing, door checking, or putting things into order. These routines are done excessively to bring down anxiety. The cognitive behavioral model of OCD is also present in other studies which suggest that OCD begins with an event that triggers obsessive thoughts and images that leads to repetitive behavior (Rachman & de Silva, 1978; Maerts, 2009). In fact, this relationship between obsession and compulsion is presented in a cyclical manner – that is, obsession causes distress and distress needs ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Obsessive-compulsive disorder
In order to be diagnosed with OCD, an individual must present with recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions that are severe enough to cause marked impairment in everyday functioning. Obsessions are defined as persistent ideas, thoughts, impulses, or images that are perceived as intrusive or unwarranted, and lead to marked anxiety or distress.
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These repetitive behaviors or recurring impulsive tendencies are called compulsions, which without cause come as a natural reflex to the afflicted individual. Most obsessive thoughts are centered on things or subjects that a person is not at ease with. An example is an individual who thinks that her house is full of dirt and dust that will trigger her allergies despite the true fact that the house in question is spotless.
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In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) (APA, 2000), OCD is classified as an anxiety disorder. The condition is characterized by obsessive thoughts that are distressing and intrusive, and involve clinically significant repetitive compulsive actions.
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This is because any administered treatment and especially the non-medicinal ones encompass dealing with the ailing person’s cognition. This is via altering certain actions, which characterizes the malady by either devising postponing techniques that not only requires time but also patience (Pence, Aldea, Sulkowski & Storch, 2011).
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An ideal example is an individual who has immense fear of germs. Such a person will be afraid of opening doors or of shaking people’s hands. It is an ordinary thing for people to check and make sure that door locks have been securely locked, but when a person does this too many times than he or she should, then this might be symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder.
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In most of the time, the affected individuals will be uneasy (Cunningham, 2013). This reaction deems to reduce the anxiety that is linked to the disorder. Apparently, an obsession is stated as an unpleasant thought that a person
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