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Experts reveal that the urge to repeat certain things result from the need to alleviate the stressful thoughts.
The prevalence of the disorder is on the rise according to recent reports. The recent report conducted by the National Institute for Mental Health revealed that approximately 3% of Americans have OCD disorder (Rachman and de Silva, 2009). The report also indicated that the disorder affect people from all races, ethnic groups, and sexes in almost equal measure. The researchers also discovered that the disorder affects male at an early age than female. According to the National Institute for Mental Health report, the OCD disorder affects boys between the age of 6 and 15 years, while girls, the disorder tends to manifest mostly between the age of 20 and 30 years.
Individuals with OCD tend to show certain behaviors that a rational person considers abnormal. The most common symptom of the disorder, according to National Alliance of Mental Illness (2012), is that, individuals suffering from OCD tend to double-check things excessively and repeatedly. For instance, an individual with OCD may end up double checking switches, locks and other electrical appliances 20 times before feeling satisfied that everything is in order. They do this due in an attempt to alleviate the compulsive stressful thoughts.
Secondly, individuals with OCD tend to feel over obsessed with certain things. Because of over obsession, people suffering from OCD normally appear fearful and concerned about everything that happens around them. For example, such people may demonstrate fear and concern of thieves breaking into their houses as noted by Rachman and de Silva (2009). This makes them appear restless and pre-occupied by unreasonable thoughts.
Individuals with OCD tend to be extra cautious in whatever they do for fear of harming themselves or others around them. Hyman and Pedrick (2011) also noted that such people focus much on morals and
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In order to be diagnosed with OCD, an individual must present with recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions that are severe enough to cause marked impairment in everyday functioning. Obsessions are defined as persistent ideas, thoughts, impulses, or images that are perceived as intrusive or unwarranted, and lead to marked anxiety or distress.
These repetitive behaviors or recurring impulsive tendencies are called compulsions, which without cause come as a natural reflex to the afflicted individual. Most obsessive thoughts are centered on things or subjects that a person is not at ease with. An example is an individual who thinks that her house is full of dirt and dust that will trigger her allergies despite the true fact that the house in question is spotless.
In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) (APA, 2000), OCD is classified as an anxiety disorder. The condition is characterized by obsessive thoughts that are distressing and intrusive, and involve clinically significant repetitive compulsive actions.
There are a myriad of treatments for OCD including behavioral therapy pharmacological therapy, group therapy, and cognitive therapy. Each therapy differs in terms of its approach and its effectiveness. Some patients may have to try several therapies before finding the one that will work for them so that they will either be able to manage their symptoms or overcome them completely.
An ideal example is an individual who has immense fear of germs. Such a person will be afraid of opening doors or of shaking people’s hands. It is an ordinary thing for people to check and make sure that door locks have been securely locked, but when a person does this too many times than he or she should, then this might be symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder.
This is a description of the outstanding features of OCD; anxiety causes behaviors in an attempt to banish the anxiety, obsession with performing these behaviors forms, attempts to suppress the behavior leads to compulsive resistance-and-action behavior, which in turn leads to a struggle to resist the compulsion, and increases anxiety.
Like many other mental illnesses treatment includes drug therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy or a combination of both. Alternative herbal remedies also seem to have some benefits.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
The thoughts and actions are uncontrollable even when the individual is aware of them. OCD is one of the common mental disorders with about two percent of the United States of America adults suffering from the disorder. It affects people of all ages including children and
In most of the time, the affected individuals will be uneasy (Cunningham, 2013). This reaction deems to reduce the anxiety that is linked to the disorder. Apparently, an obsession is stated as an unpleasant thought that a person
In addition to them, there are also secondary symptoms, such as phobias, depression, sleep disturbances, sexual disturbances, anger, tic disorders etc. For today, specialists have not differentiated the certain causes of OCD; however, the available data
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