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Are low intakes of vitamin D & calcium a factor contributing to the development of osteoporosis in the elderly - Essay Example

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Advancement of Osteoporosis in the Elderly: How Vitamin D and Calcium Contribute? After the increase in the spread of various grievous diseases in the UK, it has now been researched and found that the most common disease which has spread in about three million people in the United Kingdom is Osteoporosis (2011: n.pg)…
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Are low intakes of vitamin D & calcium a factor contributing to the development of osteoporosis in the elderly

Download file to see previous pages... Therefore, the important actuality that we can elucidate is that people who are at a greater risk of developing Osteoporosis are the older population (of the United Kingdom to be specific). This estimation is unfortunate as Orwoll, Bilezikian and Vanderschueren believe, because the results for the inferences of other countries are much better when it comes to the disease of Osteoporosis in the United Kingdom (2010: pp.622) This is due to the fact that the bones of the human body thin down with the increase in age. The major reason among women of elderly age or above the age of 48 of developing Osteoporosis is their state of menopause, because there is a decrease in the female hormone, estrogen. It is believed that after every 3 seconds an osteoporotic fracture occurs, especially amongst the elderly people. Johnell and Kanis have addressed this devastating disease in his research and has provided the fact that this disease mostly begins as soon as people reach the age of 50 but it varies amongst the people of ages 50 to 95 and above as it depends on the intake of various minerals which are necessary for the structure and healthiness of the bones. When it comes to the division of the ages of women and the attack of Osteoporosis it is estimated that approximately “one-tenth of women aged 60, one-fifth of women aged 70, two-fifths of women aged 80 and two-thirds of women aged 90” are affected by Osteoporosis (2006: pp.1727, 2007: pp.66). Research conducted with reference to the estimations in the United Kingdom it was verified that due to hip fracture 1,150 people die. In the United Kingdom a seven fold increase has been found since the year 1960 in the number of osteoporosis cases. It is well known that this disease completely depends up on the amount of various minerals and salts and their intake by an individual, thus it is clear that it has a direct relation with the nutrition of human beings from their birth till their death. Hence, there a variety of minerals and salts; the lack or excess of which results in Osteoporosis among the people of the United Kingdom or anywhere around the world. When people are not careful with what they are putting into their bodies and are ignorant of future consequences of what their nutrition style will cause and in what manner it will affect them, they suffer from diseases like Osteoporosis. Once, this disease attacks an individual proper nutrition supplements are provided to them to help them in the betterment of their health and in the elimination of this disease. This nutrition guide is provided to the elderly people by dividing them into three groups of ages i.e. 64, 74 and 75, and 84 and 85. According to the recommended nutrition which is to be provided to these elderly people, it has been expounded that increased amounts of proteins, calcium, vitamin C and other important mineral shall be taken with a decrease in cholesterol intake, as Alpers, Stenson and Taylor have explicated that the intake of calcium and other minerals shall be increased due to the fact that in the above provided ages the natural intake of calcium and other minerals in not adequate enough (2008: pp.43). According to Van den Bergh, Van Geel, Lems and Geusens and their provided facts, the below table represents the assessments of the risks and the increase in the development of Osteoporosis in the recent years. Many ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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