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It involves pain, stiffness and and swelling and most commonly effects knee, hips and hand (Lawrence et al., 2008). Despite being one of the oldest known diesases, the etiology of the disease is still obscure. Earlier believed to be a disease of the articular cartilage of the synovial joint of the effected tissue, it has now been proposed that generalized OA is a systemic musculoskeletal disorder with a metabolic component (Aspden, 2008), changes in other tissues being secondary; subchondral bone responding to abnormal biomechanics and other tissues to secondary inflammation and enforced inactivity.
Hip is one of the weight bearing joints and is at heavy risk of wear and tear. In aged people it is at a high risk of fracture due to decline in the structural strength of bone tissues of the proximal femoral ends resulting from osteoclastic and osteocytic resorption (Chai et al., 1998). Study of association of OA and fracture has suggested increased risk of fracture in individuals with hip OA is mostly likely due to mechanical and locomotor factors (Arden et al., 1996). Aging again is the most consistent risk factor for OA in both men and women effecting the composition and structure of cartilage (Arokoski et al., 2007), the other major risk factors for the OA of the hip are physical loading related to heavy manual work and permanent damage as result of any musculoskeletal injury (Juhakoski et al., 2009), while obesity seems to have a moderate positive association with hip OA (Liu et al., 2007). In cases of hip joint damage due to either of these factors total hip replacement (THR) is an option wherein the diseased cartilage and bone of the joint is replaced by artificial material. However there are risks factors in THR such as deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, infection, hip dislocation, hip implant loosening, nerve injury etc.
To study the various aspects of OA, osteoporosis, fractures etc, a retrospective case-control study was
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This paper aims to gain a more accurate appreciation of the global extent of social media networks through the demographic profile of the participants; to understand the psychology behind the addictive attraction of social media networks on participants; to determine the impact of social media networks on subsequent actions, whether individual or concerted, that may be taken by participants
The cartilage covering the bone tips at the joints is an important cushion protecting the bone from friction during motion and allowing for smooth interactions of adjacent bones in the joint space.Degradation of cartilage during OA leads to comparative exposure of the bone, causing frictional resistance between bones during joint movement.
A number of symptoms are characteristically associated with menopause including hot flashes, night sweats, vulvovaginal atrophy, sleep distubances and insomnia, sexual disturbance, weight gain, changes in hair growth pattern (loss of hair on head, increase in facial hair), changes in skin, and psychological disturbances such as irritability, mood swings, depression and anxiety.
In order to meet the research aim, this research will use as main objective, try to investigate on how the different countries require financial officers to present their accounting information in order to give a true image of their firms.
Consequentially, when all these are experienced during the child developmental stage can have grave impact on the cognitive development. Furthermore, unrecognised oral disease and delayed dental medication result in aggravated problems and would later on
Might there be something to the idea of ballet as a training regimen for football players?
Ballet and football might be superficially diametrically opposed, but in fact they are both quite similar. Both emphasize public spectacle, group coordination and rhythm, and
ludes hips that are never documented to be dislocated but are poorly developed, as well as hips that are considered abnormal after the newborn period (French and Dietz, 1999). This abnormality may be indicated by the instability of the femoral head (ball at the top of the thigh
ling perspectives in order to increase the efficiency of the prediction of pore pressure in the design of high pressure, elevated thermal characteristic boreholes in the area of the Niger Delta. The outcome of this research to reduce the deficiency of knowledge which has been
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