The term universal healthcare is used for healthcare systems that are organized for the purpose of providing high quality yet affordable health care facilities to all citizens regardless of their social status…
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The term universal healthcare is used for healthcare systems that are organized for the purpose of providing high quality yet affordable health care facilities to all citizens regardless of their social status.Universal health care system basically provides service requirements and health finances to the people of that country. This system was first introduced in 1883 in the health insurance bill presented by Bismarck’s social legislation in Germany. After this the old age bill, accident insurance bill and disability bill were also passed in 1884 and 1889 respectively. Hence, the first ever health care bill was introduced in Germany. In United Kingdom universal health care started in 1911 after the passing of National Insurance Act. It basically covered only the people who had job and also people who were dependent on them. In 1948 the National Health Service provided this service to all legal citizens. The health care reforms used today were basically put into practice the Second World War.The United States was the only country that did not approve social and economic rights sections in the Universal Declaration OF Human Rights in 1948 which included article 25 about right to health. Government involvement plays a vital role in giving health insurance benefits to the citizens and universal health care systems depend on their involvement as well. In many countries governments get involved to a much higher degree like in most European countries for example Spain, UK, Italy and other Nordic countries. They are responsible of giving health care services to the residents and it is based not on the purchase of insurance. Other countries look at this system in a different way. They give obligatory health and contributory insurance rates which are connected to the income of that person. And this is sponsored mostly by the company or the receiver himself. Health funds are mostly taken from sickness funds, salary contributions and the insurance premiums of the citizen in question. The health insurances are repaid to the medical providers at a very high rate from the citizen and this is done with the help of medical insurers. Countries like Switzerland and Netherlands have privately owned insurance companies that operate this system but are not allowed to make any profit from this except from selling other insurances. The health care services are typically financed by the government through mandatory payroll/social security contributions, general taxations or a combination of both for example general tax based funding is used in United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Denmark, Sweden, Cuba, Italy and Brazil (Tsounta 2009). The notion of universal health care is implemented world wide in various different ways. Mostly governments tend to widen the health care access and set particular standards for these reforms which are bare minimum so that access to the reforms is much easier. Taxations, legislations and regulations are three ways through which governments can execute universal health care. Generally, if a patient is admitted in the hospital, some of the costs are bear by the patient at that time but mostly the major chunk of the cost is covered by the help of insurances and tax revenues. Tax revenues are mainly used to help poor people or patients who need long time health care. The United States is the only wealthy country which does not support this universal health system but instead has a proposed reform. The budget office of the congress has estimated the cost of the universal health care system a lot of times and has collectively calculated the savings due to the removal of operating cost of the insurance companies. In America, now the new law require everybody to have insurance by the start of year 2014. It stops insurer from hiding his or her legal responsibility for health care requirements and this move can repair the bankruptcy faced by some people after any use of health insurance service. For some people it becomes a life time burden on
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According to the essay, the root cause of the problem of discrimination and disparity in utilization of health care facilities is not just the lack of health care initiatives from the government. The poor living conditions and the lack of opportunities for people with lower SES also add to the magnitude of the problem.
Why universal health care cannot work at a Federal level, but can work at a State level. Name: Date: Class: Federalism leads to increasingly decentralized and inherently local government, which can efficiently manage healthcare cooperatively out of natural care and compassion, as opposed to the national implementation that is doomed to failure due to the size of the bureaucracy and apathy of official policy.
Despite their important role, they disproportionately lack health insurance, and receive fewer health care services than US-born citizens. This lack of insurance puts a burden on the nation's economy, and their health status deteriorates as they become more prone to chronic health conditions, and their complications due to lack of primary medical attention.
For some, universal healthcare represents a threat. Yet, the US is currently alone among advanced industrialized countries in the disparity of its healthcare, and universal health care is the only answer because of lack of
The nature of health care provided varies from country to country. The worlds oldest universal health care system was initiated in Germany with the inclusion of the Health Insurance Bill of 1883 and Old Age
s possible to meet he demands of a healthcare system and at the same time provide access to healthcare services in line conventional views of equity, within public spending constraints.
The study is essential because it provides an explanation of how universal healthcare
s implemented by the government, we are on the way to the Universal healthcare, but it is still very difficult to say, when Americans will have it (Reid, 2012). Actually, all the countries need universal healthcare system establishment as it is both an ethical issue and
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