This report will identify and examine existing health promotion policies that aim to fight obesity among children and young adults. As part of going through the main discussion, the significance of planning, evaluation method and assessment in the success rate of health promotion will be tackled in relation to strategic ways…
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Basic Concept and Definition of Health and Health Promotion
The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being not merely the absence of disease” (Lucas and Lloyd, 2005, p. 6). To ensure that each person is in good health, the local Department of Health together with the WHO strongly promotes the importance of health promotion.
The Ottawa Charter defined health promotion as “the process of enabling people to exert control over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health” (IUHPE, 2000, p. 2). The main purpose of health promotion is to provide effective health intervention each time there is a risk for a person to suffer from short- and/or long-term health detriments. It means that health promotion is about developing useful intervention that could effectively reduce or prevent situations wherein people are engaging in negative health behaviour (Green and Tones, 2010, p. 156). Instead, health promotion aims to convert negative health behaviours into positive ones.
Established by WHO Regional Office in Europe back in January 1984, health promotion is considered “a mediating strategy between people and their environments by synthesizing personal choice and social health responsibility necessary to create a healthier future”....
tion is about developing useful intervention that could effectively reduce or prevent situations wherein people are engaging in negative health behaviour (Green and Tones, 2010, p. 156). Instead, health promotion aims to convert negative health behaviours into positive ones. Established by WHO Regional Office in Europe back in January 1984, health promotion is considered “a mediating strategy between people and their environments by synthesizing personal choice and social health responsibility necessary to create a healthier future” (WHO, 1984). With regards to the importance of health promotion, the Tannahill model of health promotion is one of the most common health promotion model used to enable the health promotion developers develop useful and effective strategies that prevent the young individuals from becoming obese. In general, the Tannahill model of health promotion adopts the three overlapping spheres of activity known as: health education, tertiary protection, and disease prevention (McGee and Castledine, 2003, p. 119). These three overlapping spheres known as: health education, tertiary protection, and disease prevention works together in order to achieve the ultimate goal of fighting against the increasing number of young obesity throughout the United Kingdom. Although the use of the Tannahill model of health promotion is effective in terms of encouraging young individuals to consume more healthy foods, this model is limited in terms of taking into consideration other aspects of health that contributes to obesity. In most cases, other health aspects include those that are related to mental, psychological, environmental, and spiritual needs of a person. In response to the need to fight obesity among the young individuals in UK, the Health Promotion
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The campaign is geared towards ensuring that the target groups of populations are living according to the provided health standards and precautions. Among the aspects that are under regulation include eating habits, exercises and adherence to health promoting standards (Kegler 2002).
According to O’Donnell (2009, p. iv), “Health Promotion is the art and science of helping people discover the synergies between their core passions and optimal health, enhancing their motivation to strive for optimal health.”
Health can be regarded as a social phenomenon, a way of living that can be easily communicated within institutions such as the family. The McGill model of nursing that is grounded in the premise that behavior change is largely voluntary and that health promotion is highly likely to be successful if it is participatory.
The integration of family nursing into urgent care settings have become a great challenge due to the high level of patients’ acuity along with the increased demands of service delivery, commonly 7 days each week and 14 hours per day. Nursing practice faces unpredictable circumstances from patient emergencies and personnel changes to therapeutic encounters and patient recoveries, hence, reinforcing the relations of nurses with their patients and families.
The research will show that there are many educational means that are utilized to encourage healthier lifestyles for those with have an ongoing or recurring problem with alcohol, within the country. Awareness of the health risks for those who binge drink is one of the main priorities ongoing within the Campaign.