Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Geographic Information Systems - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Geographical information system refers to a set of hardware, software, information, individuals organizations and institutions that are tasked with the responsibility of data collection, storage, analysis and dissemination. This data concerns areas and aspects of the world and…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Geographic Information Systems
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Geographic Information Systems"

Geographic Information Systems al Affiliation Geographic Information Systems Geographical information system refers toa set of hardware, software, information, individuals organizations and institutions that are tasked with the responsibility of data collection, storage, analysis and dissemination. This data concerns areas and aspects of the world and related processes. The technology has enabled people and authorities to solve problems that would otherwise be disastrous (Fu & Sun, 2011). This paper explores the application of GIS in solving an environmental problem. The paper will look at the problem and how GIS can be used to predict, identify, locate and eventually solve the problem.
The Problem
Natural catastrophes such as hurricanes can have devastating effects on the life and economic stability of any area hit. This has been experiencing more than once in America where lives and property have been lost and the government forced to spend so much on rescue and restoration mission. It is, therefore, a big relief that such a problem can be effectively solved through GIS and thus reduce the loss or avert the danger as a whole.
The Data Needed to Solve the Problem
As mentioned earlier, GIS is all about collection and use of date. To solve the problem of the hurricane, several sets of data are necessary. First, the system must indicate the kind of problem expected, the specific time and region of the target and the population involved (Fu & Sun, 2011). This information will help in setting up a response plan and help evacuate the area if possible before the problem hits. The information will also help in alerting the authorities in time for mitigation measures (Singhroy, 2003). Secondly, the problem will also require information on the accessibility of the area, geological structure, weather pattern and hence the possible route of the hurricane in relation to the prevailing winds (Goodchild, 1996).
This data is provided in the form of explained images from the system backed-up by satellite images as shown below.
Image 1. Showing the at-risk population and structures.
Image 2. Showing the direction of the winds in the area.
Image 3. Showing the actual satellite image of the coastline and the waves created.
Images retrieved from google images
In all these situations, the GIS provided vital information on the location, scale and possible effects of the hurricane on the people and the structures. Using the maps, the rescuers can locate the problem and even trace a safer route to evacuate the people and reach to them during the rescue operations (Goodchild, 1996). Further, the information also notifies the authority on the crisis that can result from the hurricane if it reaches the power plants.
I believe that the development of the GIS is a welcome technological input to solving both natural and manmade problems. Using the information so developed, the danger is either evaded or the destruction reduced.
Fu, P., & Sun, J. (2011). Web GIS: Principles and applications.
Goodchild, M. F. (1996). GIS and environmental modeling: Progress and research issues. Fort Collins, CO: GIS World Books.
Singhroy, V. (2003). Spatial methods for solution of environmental and hydrologic problems--science, policy, and standardization. W. Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Geographic Information Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Geographic Information Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Geographic Information Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Geographic Information Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Geographic Information Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Geographic Information Systems

Geographic Information System on a civil engineering

...? Geographic Information System on Civil Engineering This research paper assesses the requirements of GIS in civil engineering. It reviews such applications as necessary in the field of civil engineering. The effectiveness of GIS to offer easy and efficient solutions to civil engineering problems is of necessity. There are a lot of design work and mapping as well as hydrology in civil engineering where GIS could adequately be helpful. In a research format, the paper attempts to evaluate the significance and appropriateness of GIS in such presentations. Key to this research is the various information software used in the analysis and presentation of civil engineering works. Introduction The GIS (geographic information system) is a modern...
10 Pages (2500 words) Research Paper

Geographic Information Systems

...? of the of the of the INTRODUCTION TO GIS (Geographic Information System) INFORAMTION SYSTEMS Computer software that takes raw data as input, process information and output useful information in line with the usability requirements of the stakeholders is referred to as an information system. Information systems are often termed as a means of acting as an intermediary between the output processes and backend computer systems. Specific information systems are often designed for specific information processing. For example a payroll system may be embedded in a business environment that would take care of all the pay generation requirements of the business. This computerized system would ease the timely calculation of the organization’s...
7 Pages (1750 words) Research Paper

The Geographic Information System Program

...The Geographic Information System Program In a highly evolving world of technology, creative innovations have found their way into the human way of life, with computers considered the most important in the history. As such, society is heavily dependent on computers and information brought forth in efforts to facilitate an easy existence. It is through the application of computers that data representing various concepts in the world can be stored, analyzed, and presented in a simplified format as desired. This facilitates the decision making process in the society, as most choices are dependent on details about the immediate surroundings. In essence, information about specific places on the earth’s surface influences economic, social...
6 Pages (1500 words) Research Paper

Information Systems

...Information Systems Article Review Malmsjo (2006) has researched the most appropriate methodology for designing of supportive information systems. In general use, there are two kinds of information systems, supportive and operative. The paper examines the difference in the two systems and their elements. A different phase of the methodology that was used in the design of the support system has been discussed and the conditions for designing both supportive and operative systems have been discussed. Malmsjo (p. 881-882) first speaks of hard and soft information systems view and while a hard view approach takes an objective view of the world with a formalized reasoning process, the soft view gives importance to the individual and subjective...
2 Pages (500 words) Book Report/Review

Importance of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in hazard mitigation and preparedness planning

...Running Head: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS) Emergency Management and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) of the of the Institution] Emergency Management and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Introduction “Disasters are defined as threats to life, well-being, material goods, and environment from the extremes of natural processes or technology” (Auf der Heide, 1989). Although disaster management is a national concern, at the most basic level it is the responsibility of county emergency management agencies to cope with disasters. Their efforts focus on lessening the impacts of the disasters on human lives as well as property with mitigation and preparedness, and managing disasters with response and recovery work. The problem...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

Information Systems

... Mitigating Risk 16 7.9. Functionality risk 17 7.9.1 Mitigating Risk 17 7.10. Project management risk 17 7.10.1 Mitigating Risk 18 8. Conclusion 18 9. Work Cited 19 1. Executive Summery At the present, information system has become a major part of almost every organization. Thus, the successful implementation and management of information system is necessary to successfully run the business. However, many projects fail due to cost overruns, falling behind schedule, and so forth. In addition, every project (small and large) includes various risks. But, the risks of project failures could be reduced by investing some time in up front planning before the project starts. In addition, a key to success in project management is to identify all...
12 Pages (3000 words) Essay

Information and Information Systems

.... Business process is observed to be an integration of “activities, resources, facilities and information” required to accomplish a specific business goal. (Business Processes, Information and Information Systems, 22). Thus a change made in the business process significantly requires proper training of human resources along with proper infrastructural alignments in helping the organization to meet the changing demands. 3. The goal of incorporating information technology in a business process confers specialization to the set of business activities. This happens for different types of business activities has specific information requirements which are met by incorporating information technology in business. (Business Processes, Information...
1 Pages (250 words) Assignment


...Insert of GIS applications in civil engineering Q1: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) I an emerging technology with increasing range of applications in spatial data analysis and integrations. The use of GIS has been of great importance in aiding decision making at various levels. One of the areas where the tool has been used is in physical planning and analysis. Various GIS software has been developed to help in modeling landscapes and allocation of various factors of development through spatial organization. As a specialist in GIS, I can use the application in many different but beneficial ways to help spur the development and help restore the crude spatial organization that has taken root in the city and beyond her borders...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Geographic Information Systems and Technologies

...Geographic Information Systems and Technologies 1.0 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM - GIS  A Geographic Information system is a modern device that assists in the data capture, storage and subsequent data management and analysis of spatial earth data and information. This geographically referenced information has been widely helpful to the purpose of research, resource management, natural emergency management, corporate marketing and law enforcement. 2.0 History   Geographic Information system came into existence in the year 1854, when Sir John Snow exercised the concept of GIS in making a map with directions during a Cholera outbreak in the city of London. Sir John had used directions for places which were affected with the disease...
10 Pages (2500 words) Case Study

Geographic Information Systems of Crime

...that refers to the process of carrying out spatial analysis of crime problems as well as other police-related issues using a geographic information system (, 37). It is a sub-discipline of crime analysis that focuses on identifying hot spots where most crimes take place, mapping incidents in addition to carrying out the analysis of the spatial relationships of these hot spots and targets. Of late, crime mapping has become more established and in solving crimes, uncovering patterns has become of great significance. With the introduction of desktop computing as well as software programs known as Geographic Information Systems...
9 Pages (2250 words) Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Geographic Information Systems for FREE!

Contact Us