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India - Essay Example

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In the article by Ethan Watters, Joe Henrich, an anthropology student and his associates, challenge the belief by most social scientists on human behavior and culture that, human are the same (Watters 1). In their approach to finding the relation between culture and cognition,…
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India In the article by Ethan Watters, Joe Henrich, an anthropology and his associates, challenge the belief by most social scientists on human behavior and culture that, human are the same (Watters 1). In their approach to finding the relation between culture and cognition, they study an isolated community called the Machiguenga in Peru, which live in the Amazon basin. Using a game of sharing, Henrich finds out that not all human have the instinct for fairness. He offered some money to a set of two players. The first player was to share money with the second player.
In his finding, he discovered that the Machiguenga gave out the smallest amount possible, and none of the second players rejected the offer no matter how small. Unlike the Machiguenga, the Westerners had a tendency to share things on an equality basis. Other people would reject a high offer. A repeat of the experiment in different parts of the world proved similar results.
According to the study, Henrich concludes that humans are not similar throughout the world as believed by social scientists who focused their research in America. A system that works for the Westerners could fail in the east.
According to Michael Brown, for thousands of years, spirituality has been, and still is a major factor in the Indians lives (History King 1). Everything they do is in accordance with their belief. In India, the people live together as one despite their diversity. Millions of people celebrating their religions gather in the River Ganges during the Komhala festival every year.
The westerner could probably never understand the Indians way of life. How a man could renounce every material thing to pursue a spiritual life is still a puzzle to the British. The answer is the two worlds define civilization differently. The Western culture embraces individualism, materialism, rationality, and masculinity. On the contrary, India bases their civilization on renunciation, the female, and the inner life. It is unfair to judge other people’s culture, customs, and civilization by comparing it to our own.
Works Cited
History King. “Legacy - The Origins of Civilization - Episode 2: India, the Empire of Spirit (Documentary).” YouTube Video Clip. Jul 5, 2014. Web. March 17, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ffm-0FnVgmw
Watters, Ethan. “We Aren’t the World.” Pacific Standard. Feb 25, 2013. Web. March 17, 2015. http://www.psmag.com/books-and-culture/joe-henrich-weird-ultimatum-game-shaking-up-psychology-economics-53135 Read More
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