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OCEANIA - Research Paper Example

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The region is composed of several islands and countries with similar climatic conditions1. The people in the region have interacted with their environment in various ways in order to adapt to it for their…
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Oceania Introduction Oceania is the region centred on the tropical islands of Pacific Ocean. The region is composed of several islands and countries with similar climatic conditions1. The people in the region have interacted with their environment in various ways in order to adapt to it for their survival. In other cases, the people had to modify the environment in order to fit their human needs. They had to clear the large and vast forests in order to get raw materials for construction. Furthermore, the people had to extract raw materials for the development of their respective nations. However, the human exploration of the Oceania environment was not without negative effects to the environment. As a result, the change of the environment bears significant impacts to the people and the ecosystems in Oceania. The human activities have been the greatest contributors to the change in the environment. The lack of regulation among the people in the region caused them to over exploit the resources without considering its effects to the other ecosystems.
Effects of Human Interactions with the Environment
The alteration of the environment caused changes to the various ecosystems in the region. For instance, the environmental changes resulted to extreme changes of the temperatures in the region. The mean temperatures were extremely high than before, and this interfered with the lives of other a biotic processes. The temperature variability over time also influences the rainfall pattern in the region. As a result, the region became prone to interactions with new pathogens and invasive species. These were groomed by the varying temperature and rainfall patterns. Moreover, the environmental changes caused the region to experience extreme cases of natural phenomenon. For example, the alteration of the environmental systems in the region resulted to occurrences of storms in the region. Moreover, there have been extreme cases of floods resulting from human activities. In addition, the accumulation of the carbon gases in the air has resulted to climate change. This is a major contributor and trigger of the temperature and rainfall variability in the region. All these variations have affected the lives of the people negatively. In addition, they have altered the natural ecosystems in the region2.
Physical Geography and Politics of the Region
The Oceania region has a unique physical geography nature. The region is divided into four regions that include Micronesia, Polynesia, Melanesia and Malaysia. All these regions are characterized by different geopolitical attributes. As neighbouring nations, the political influence of the nations would be expected to spread out among the different countries in that region. Contrary to that, some of the countries in the region are not included in the geopolitical Oceania such Malaysia and Indonesia. The geographical extreme islands, however, are politically integral parts of Japan, USA and Chile. Therefore, the region is characterized by a variety of political influences that govern each state. The exposure to the different political rule influenced the system of governance in the different countries. Moreover, the institutions within these nations adapt to what is practiced by their ‘masters’3
Summary and Conclusion
In summary, Oceania is an environmentally attractive region for human habitation. It offers the best environmental service and resources to the inhabitants. However, the human activities in the Oceania region have been of dire consequences to the people and the ecosystem of the area. The desire to modify the environment for survival was done without regulation. If the human activities are regulated, the state of the environment will be sustainable. Therefore, the human activities in Oceania region should be subjected to scrutiny and regulation from the relevant authorities in order to enhance environmental sustainability.
Bibliography
Recher, H. F. " Wild country." Pacific Conservation Biology 10, 2004: 221–222.
Taylor, K. "Rapid climate change. ." American Scientist 87, 1999: 320. Read More
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