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Latin America - Essay Example

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Currently, most of the lands characteristics are not the same as they used to be so many yours ago. Most of the transformation has been due to increasing human activities. The increased human activities have…
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Latin America Latin America The world geography has been going through various transformations. Currently, most of the lands characteristics are not the same as they used to be so many yours ago. Most of the transformation has been due to increasing human activities. The increased human activities have been linked to ever-rising number of the human population. One of the regions that have been experiencing significant transformation is Latin America. The region has witnessed the rise of population and hence increased human activities. A reflection on how human population has transformed Latin America geography helps in understanding how it influences political future and institutions of the region.
The human population has changed and continues to change the landscape from natural to the cultural landscape in various ways. One of the significant ways that have seen a transformation of the landscape is through increasing agricultural activities. This has been intense especially with the rising human population. Humans have cut, cleared, and burned forest for agricultural activities (Erickson, n.d.). An example of human built landscape is the area next to Lake Titicaca (Erickson, n.d.). In this area, there have been heightened agricultural activities. In the last eight century, the environment in the basin has been changed into an artificial landscape (Erickson, n.d.). This has been mainly due to raised fields, terracing, and irrigation activities that are related to agriculture.
The other factor that leads to change of landscape is clearing of forest. The region has witnessed a massive loss of forest cover for a long period. In fact, the region is noted to have the world’s highest loss of forest cover in the recent past (Pacheco et al., 2011). However, extensive forest transformation has been witnessed in the Amazon basin (Pacheco et al., 2011). As the authors note, huge population in the region relies on forest resources to support their livelihoods (Pacheco et al., 2011). The population also comprises of ranchers and farmers that continue to clear forest to create space for their activities. As a result, most of the land that was previously occupied by trees is left bare.
The changing geography in the region has a profound impact on regional political future and institutions. One of the issues related to change is the rise in conflict between people, countries, and region in the area. For example, there has been increasing conflict over the use of resources such as those that come from the forest. On the other hand, failure to guard resources for sustainable development may lead to political instability as some sections of society feels marginalized in terms of resources use (Bartschi, n.d.). The institutions are also likely to be faced by challenges emanating from landscape change. For example, forest clearing is likely to lead to change in climate that may lead to unavailability of food. As a result, countries will be forced to look for alternative ways of feeding the population.
It is clear that the landscape will continue to change. This is due to the rising number of the human population that will require additional space. In my opinion, I believe that the human population in this region and others should strive towards sustainable living. This will help in reducing landscape damages that may lead to conflict and other ills.
References
Bartschi, A. (n.d.). Problems in the Amazon. Retrieved 09 October 2014 from http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/amazon/problems/.
Erickson, C. (n.d.). The Lake Titicaca Basin A Pre-Columbian Built Landscape. Retrieved 09 October 2014 from http://www.sas.upenn.edu/anthropology/system/files/EricksonLentzvol.pdf.
Pacheco, P., Aguilar-Stoen, M., Borner, J., Etter, A., Putzel, L & Diaz, M. (2011). Landscape Transformation in Tropical Latin America: Assessing Trends and Policy Implication for REDD+. Forests, 2, 1-29. Read More
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