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Thailand 1980s the Present: Neoliberal Ideas, Policies, and Practices - Research Paper Example

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A paper "Thailand 1980s the Present: Neoliberal Ideas, Policies, and Practices"  discusses the political environment of Thailand and how it has affected the implementation or provision of health care. In explaining these, we will also use the Gramsci and Serageldin’s theories…
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Thailand 1980s the Present: Neoliberal Ideas, Policies, and Practices
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Download file to see previous pages Healthcare policies cover an assortment of issues related to healthcare such as the funding of healthcare, preventive care, long-term healthcare, as well as mental health. Most governments of the third world nations try so hard to ensure that matters regarding health care are dealt with properly but the biggest problem that they make is that the policies that they design and implement in facilitating health care services leave a lot to be desired. In this paper, we are going to discuss the political environment of Thailand and how it has affected the implementation or provision of health care. In explaining these, we will also use the Gramsci and Serageldin’s theories, in order to analyze and understand what is happening and why they are happening in that manner. The current policies of Thailand regarding political, social and economic sectors have been the biggest impediment to development especially in the matters regarding health care. In the case of Thailand, in the year 2001, the country had a worldwide coverage scheme which ensured an equitable access for all the people in Thailand even the poorest. At a fee of 30Baht Thaksin saw to it that, every person going for the consultation, the users for this health services would access registered health care. The categories exempted from this fee included children below 12years, the poor, citizens above the age of 60 years and health workers. The function of such an exemption had an effect on the health service utilization of poor people. There are numerous policies in which the former prime minister in the Kingdom of Thailand Thaksin Shinawatra ensured the implementation of distinctive health care policies which got initiated in public health and education among others. His policies had an effect on the people in Thai which as a result made him a very popular politician. Most of these policies seemed effective when it came to the alleviation of poverty standards in the rural areas. Implementation of policies took place after Thaksin’s party received more votes and support from the people of Thai. He declared his determination on devoting himself to politics. Thaksin a man popularly known for being a populist ensured the spending of money on cases of subsidized agricultural loans, health care, infrastructure and education in addition to the development of medium and rural programs. Thailand’s empowerment of its government by the exiled former is the reason for its rapid economic and social growth after experiencing a devastating economy as a result of the Washington Consensus links to Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. With the implementation of reforms in a non-IMF fashion, Thaksin cultivated the social and human capital which had Thailand on its tracks to sustainable development. The Washington Consensus at one time represented a mantra for global policies. The introduction of the neo-liberal project leads to the reinforcement of the World Bank and other authoritative positions. While the 30-Baht scheme makes its coverage in all the poor locations or areas, the free exemption only supports the older generation and those who are poor. Satisfaction and utilization can also be noted to be highest among the freely exempted lot. Most in this group specify that this policy promotes the necessary changes required so as to improve the healthcare state of services. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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