Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The Inca Empire and their Agriculture - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Incas started to settle in the Cuzco area, the site where presently Machu Picchu is with the transition from hunter-gathering to agriculture that took place about 2700 years ago. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.9% of users find it useful
The Inca Empire and their Agriculture
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Inca Empire and their Agriculture"

Download file to see previous pages Almost 1800 years after their selection of agriculture as a profession, there was a session for which warm weather prevailed, thus enabling the civilization to flourish. The Incase used Llamas to transport their goods. Llamas were also a potential source of wool and meat for the Incas. As the Llamas carried goods from the jungle to the mountains, they occasionally stopped at ponds to quench their thirst and that was where they defecated communally. “This provided fertiliser which was easily collectable as today by the local people for the surrounding field systems” (Chepstow-Lusty cited in Anning, 2011). Despite the fact that the Andes are included among the tallest mountains across the world, the Incas managed to coax harvests from the sharp slopes of the Andes. Crops whose resilient breeds were developed by the Incas included but were not limited to quinoa, potatoes and corn. The Incas managed achieved this by building cisterns and irrigation and canals that wiggled all around and down the Andes. They cut terraces inside the hills that became steeper and steeper from the valley towards the slopes of the mountains. In the 1400s, the area covered by the terraces was about a million hectares. “In this way the whole hill was gradually brought under cultivation, the platforms being flattened out like stairs in a staircase, and all the cultivable and irrigable land being put to use” (Vega cited in Graber, 2011). ...
The Incas compared the quality of plants including kantu flowers, grain, wheat, panti, and quinoa grown at different light intensities and altitudes. As a result of their experimentation, the Incas found that the deeper planted crops were exposed to cooler temperatures as compared to the ones planted at more heights. Also, different plants were found to react in a different way to the quantity of sunlight and water provided. The difference of temperature between the lower and higher levels was considerable. At certain places, the difference of temperature was as much as 15 ?C, which is what the difference of temperature is between a point at the sea level and another point at a height of 1000m from the sea level (Rediscover Machu Picchu, n.d.a). The agricultural cultivation done by the Incas and the irrigation systems they developed were so strong that they have continued to work to date. The Incas created stepped agricultural fields. Owing to the height of mountains surrounding the Sacred Valley region, path of the sunrays reaching down the valley is blocked while the sides of the mountain receive sunlight for a significant portion of the day. There are certain regions in the valleys where the limited space justified the use of steps to enlarge the area for cultivation of crops. The steps also enabled the Incas to achieve more control over the supply of water required for irrigating the crops. The steps provided the Incas with protection against floods and landslides as the water did not find vast horizontal regions to accumulate. “The rocks used for creating the steps strengthen the sides of the mountains, thus protecting what is in the valleys ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Inca Empire and their Agriculture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Inca Empire and Their Agriculture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“The Inca Empire and Their Agriculture Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Inca Empire and their Agriculture

What Enabled the Romans to Build Their Empire

...Emergence of the Roman Empire Discussions on the Roman Empire have a tendency to leap forward to what is considered by many to be the most exciting time in the history of the empire; the years under the dictator Julius Caesar. While the life and times of Julius Caesar is inarguably dramatic and dynamic, such that his life has served as the basis for the artistic works of romantic writers and, more recently, filmmakers, as are the life stories of Augustus and Nero; it is not with Julius Caesar that the story of the rise of the Roman Empire begins. Relics found in the Praeneste and dating back to the Fourth and Fifth Centuries B.C. provide insight into the Roman state that even then existed as a military state, and which would rise...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Violent Nationalism in the British Empire

...Running Head: How did the British Empire understand and try to combat violent nationalism? How did the British Empire understand and try to combatviolent nationalism? Authors Name Institution Name Introduction The presence of the profit intent serves today as an influential aid; it is true, for Indian agitators in dishonoring the sincerity of British trusteeship. To the British Raj, Mahatma Gandhi, opposes his "soul force" in a struggle none the less impressive for being typically nonviolent. For it truly means the effort of an Eastern race to shake off a Western racial and industrial authority by mastering its own Oriental diversities of race and religion and by finding a new soul in nationality (Jean Marie Allman, 1993). Dependent...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Charlemagne's Empire

...1. In 800 A.D. the empire in the west was renewed in the person of Charlemagne. To what extent was it a centralized government? What were the unifying elements? To what extent did Charlemagnes empire retain the political structure of a Germanic kingdom? Charlemagne came to power at the end of 800 when he was crowned the emperor by the Pope. Charlemagne was a great and sometimes a brutal leader but he was very popular and was called Charlemagne (Charles, the great). He first went to Rome to support the king and then started expanding his empire. He expanded the empire by expanding to the south and east and by 800 AD the Carolingian empire exceeded the Byzantine Empire. He was a reformer and governed his empire efficiently. He was also...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

American Capitalism and Empire in Iraq

...Running Head: American Capitalism and Empire in Iraq, 2003 to 2008 American Capitalism and Empire in Iraq, 2003 to 2008 of Institution] Research Essay Proposal American Capitalism and Empire in Iraq, 2003 to 2008 The United States invaded Iraq in 2003 because it was considered as a threat to American interests. This research paper investigates the historical background of the decision to invade Iraq. The years 2003 till 2008 have been chosen because this time period has been dominated by the Iraq war. The American neoconservative administration started the beginning of a new form of imperialism and capitalism after 2003. It was considered to be the beginning of a new era of American unilateralism. It provides the various pretexts...
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Proposal

Discuss the view that World War One marked the beginning of the end of the British Empire

...The Weight of Empire: World War I and the End of British Hegemony Location The Weight of Empire: World War I and the End of British Hegemony When Adolf Hitler wrote in 1924 that the British Empire was “the greatest world power on earth,” it was in praise of a superpower that still held dominion over colonies in every corner of the globe (James, 1994). Great Britain had emerged six years earlier the strongest of the great powers after the death struggle that played out in France, the Low Countries, the Balkans, the Middle East and on the high seas. But Britain had been bled white by the Great War in which the mother country, its colonies and dominions sustained a combined 1.2 million deaths. The British Empire had committed its full...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Dangers and Necessities of Industrial Agriculture

...The Dangers and Necessities of Industrial Agriculture The future of food security is one of the most troubling circumstances facing the world today.The first part of The Omnivore Dilemma, which deals with industrial agriculture, outlines the production and development of agriculture in an industrialized setting (Pollan 13). Agriculture had, for thousands of years, been only a subsistence affair: people were only able to produce enough food to feed their own family or clan, with possibly a little extra for very short distance trade (Brothwell 368). Eventually basic agricultural techniques began to evolve and produce more food, leading to slight surpluses, which eventually grew and grew allowing the first civilizations with specialists...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

The Monthly Returns of Adcorp Australia Limited, Australian Agriculture Co. Ltd. and Activex Limited

...FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING ASSIGNMENT 2 Table of Contents Question 3 a) 4 b) 5 c) 6 Question 2 8 Reference 12 Appendices 13 Question The three companies chosen whose stocks are traded on Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) are Adcorp Australia Limited (AAU.AX), Australian Agriculture Co. Ltd. (AAC.AX) and Activex Limited (AIV.AX). All the three companies have at least five years of historically adjusted closing prices ending on Dec 31, 2012. Australian Agriculture Co. Ltd. is a leading provider of beef and agricultural products operating in over 19 cattle stations. The company owns over 7 million hectares of land across the Northern Territory and Queensland. The company’s strategy is to operate in diversified agribusiness operations...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Liberalized Trade and Export Orientated Policies in Agriculture

With liberalized trade and oriented policies in agri-commodities, it is the hope of many that the problem of hunger and poverty in developing states may be alleviated offering these countries an opportunity of feeding the entire population and defeating poverty (Hawkes, 2009). In the study, the researcher will evaluate how liberalized trade and export-oriented policies in agri-commodities offer LDCs the best prospects for tackling hunger and poverty with a particular focus on Kenya; a sub-Saharan developing country. The scope of the paper will include assessment of the problem in the country and evaluation of global regulation policies in relation to international trade and liberalization of international agriculture trade practic...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Common Agriculture Policy

It was also to ensure sufficient food supply and food distribution to the customers.
The implementation of the policy has not been easy for the EU. The policy does not have a clear interpretation. There are important clauses omitted within the laws and have had major effects on members particularly farmers and product consumers. It is essential for the clauses to be included within the laws to allow for the application of the policy. The organization must also ensure consideration of public opinion. For example, for the problems faced by farmers in the region, their opinion is of high importance towards the policies.
European Union has various policies to govern their tasks. One common policy is that which controls the a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Sustainability of the Ogallala Aquifer and its Economic Impact on Americas Agriculture

...The sustainability of the Ogallala aquifer and its economic impact on America’s agriculture industry Contents 3 1.CHAPTERONE: INTRODUCTION 4 1.2.Background of the study 4 1.3.Hypothesis 6 1.4.Null Hypothesis 6 1.5. Delimiting factors 6 2.0. Chapter Two: Review of Literature 8 2.1. Introduction 8 2.2. Decision Support Systems for River Basin Simulation 9 2.3. Models 10 III.1.Chapter Three: Findings 12 III.2.Contamination 12 III.3.Future saturation 12 III.4.Effects of irrigation 12 III.5.Discussion 13 4.0. Chapter Four: Summations 15 5.0. Chapter Five: Conclusion 16 6.0. Recommendation 16 7.0. References 17 8.0. List of Figures 19 Abstract Ogallala Aquifer remains an indispensible source of freshwater to the American...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Inca Empire and their Agriculture for FREE!

Contact Us