Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Intellectual Freedom - Speech or Presentation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Topic: Intellectual Freedom The public library is a repository of knowledge intended to be shared by all equally, and thus must also be protected when minority interests attempt to censor information. The appeal option for the librarian in an instance where a private individual or group demands that a work be removed from the shelves of the library is documented by the American Library Association and includes a direct line to an ALA specialist who can help the librarian work through the problem…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.3% of users find it useful
Intellectual Freedom
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Intellectual Freedom"

Download file to see previous pages The librarian does not have the authority to remove works from a public library based on a private complaint, but there is a review and ratings process established by the ALA in 1986 to assist librarians with taking complaints on these types of censorship or moral objection issues. This rating system includes completing a Challenge Rating form that includes: “Expression of Concern. An inquiry that has judgmental overtones.” “Oral Complaint. An oral challenge to the presence and/or appropriateness of the material in question.” “Written Complaint. A formal, written complaint filed with the institution (library, school, etc.), challenging the presence and/or appropriateness of specific material.” “Public Attack. A publicly disseminated statement challenging the value of the material, presented to the media and/or others outside the institutional organization in order to gain public support for further action.” “Censorship. A change in the access status of material, based on the content of the work and made by a governing authority or its representatives. Such changes include exclusion, restriction, removal, or age/grade level changes.” (ALA, 2011) The first level involves an expression of concern. The librarian can fill out the Challenge Rating form with the details of the citizen’s complaint and submit it to library management for review and forwarding to ALA central offices. If enough people do complain about a work, there is the possibility to start a wider review of the work by ALA and local library staff to determine if the minority claim has validity or merit. The expression of concern can be seen as a moderate questioning by the public member and the oral complaint represents an escalation to the formal registration of issues with library staff. In this instance, the librarian should explain the applicable ALA rules regarding complaints to the person, as well as the review system, taking their name, address, and contact information for further contact should the need arise. These details can be included on the Challenge Rating form for forwarding to the ALA central office as required or recommended by management staff. A written complaint gives the public individual the opportunity to submit a statement in his or her own words as to what exactly is found offensive or objectionable in the work, and should otherwise be collected with the contact information of the person filing the complaint with copies forwarded to library management staff and ALA central offices. In instances of formal written complaints, ALA may be able to recommend legal experts who can mediate between the local librarians and the parties making the claim. A public attack may involve media stories, letters to the editor, demonstrations, flyers, documentaries, or other forms of publicity that target a work or public library. These will be noted on the challenge form only in the direct involvement of the local branch in the demonstration activity. In some instances, actual censorship may result in works that are deemed obscene or morally objectionable to the standards of the community. These can be both court ordered and ALA recommended censorship requirements that involve the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Intellectual Freedom Speech or Presentation Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Intellectual Freedom Speech or Presentation Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Intellectual Freedom Speech or Presentation Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Intellectual Freedom

Intellectual Property Law and Copyright

We need copyright reform that will answer the needs of copyright holders and users of copyrighted material that will be satisfying to both parties.
The Internet has revolutionized the availability of information and legal boundaries of the digital property have been subject to increasing uncertainty in a knowledge-based economy.1 In a digital environment, with free availability of information and the facility for easy duplication of copyrighted material, it is becoming increasingly difficult to clearly demarcate the extent of copyright protection and the legislative and contractual dimensions of intellectual property.2, On the one hand, are the rights of the owner of the copyrighted material to economic exploitation of his wo...
12 Pages(3000 words)Coursework

Development as Freedom: A Multidimensional Capability Approach

In the monogrаph Inequаlity Reexаmined Nobel Lаureаte Аmаrtyа Sen аrgues thаt sociаl аrrаngements should be evаluаted аccording to the extent of freedom people hаve to promote or аchieve objectives they vаlue. Sen аrgues thаt if equаlity in sociаl аrrаngements is to be demаnded in аny spаce—аnd most theories of justice аdvocаte equаlity in some spаce, such аs thаt of liberty, income, primаry goods, resources, or utility—it is to be demаnded in the spаce of cаpаbilities. Rаther thаn аiming to equаlize the income of аn elderly fаrmer аnd а young student, for exаmple, policy-mаkers should аim to equаlize the cаpаbility eаch hаs to enjoy vаluаble аctivities аnd stаtes of being. Sen uses the metаphor of spаce to brаcket off...
15 Pages(3750 words)Term Paper

Should Freedom of Opinion or Speech Ever Be Restricted

... we can tolerate what is most repugnant to us; tolerance of acceptable ideas is no kind of tolerance at all. Simply because the general population does not agree with the ideas expressed is no excuse for silencing them. On the contrary, it is these ideas who need the most support and encouragement, because without the crucible of peer opinion, these ideas cannot be challenged and assessed, except by repression. Clearly, defense of freedom of speech is more than just an intellectual exercise when it comes to those who support violent action. Society has to learn the difference between the expression of ideas which is a human right, and the performing of acts of violence. One speaker cannot be held responsible for the behaviour of others...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Freedom Summer of 1964 and Its Relationship with the Civil Rights Movement

The other organizations which participated in this Registration campaign were the Council of Federated Organization (COFO) in league with the National Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the Southern Christian Leadership Confederation (SCLC) and the Students Non-Violent Coordination Committee (SNCC). During this campaign, large groups of African American people, supported by around 1000 white volunteers, braved the rains in order to enter the Forrest Country Courthouse to register their Voting Rights. Around 30 Summer schools were also established during this Freedom Summer Campaign in various parts of Mississippi town in order to educate the black minorities, since, due t...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Marx' Understanding of Freedom

Marx’s conception is that if society transitioned from capitalist to socialist thought, this would result in a higher form of civilization. The citizenry should be able to control their own destiny and the morality of others should not be legislated or otherwise controlled by an entity other than the citizenry themselves. Regulations, the lack of personal freedoms, in the name of morality restrict individual and societal sovereignty.

Marx was born a German Jew but lived most of his life in England and France. In these countries, the prevailing liberal political philosophy viewed the concept of freedom as the right for people to make their own choices regarding their lives and property. In today’s terms, this...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Freedom of Association in the Workplace

As pointed out by O’Connor J, “if the judicial power of the commonwealth is to be effectively exercised by way of conciliation and arbitration in the settlement of industrial disputes, it must be by bringing it to bear on representative bodies standing for groups of workmen….”  The observations made by O’Connor indicate that unions are necessary to redress the inherent power imbalance that exists between employer and employee and to provide effective representation for employees in the resolution of disputes.

Freedom of association under the Australian Workplace Relations Act 1996 provides the freedom to employers, employees as well as independent contractors, to join or not join indu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Intellectual Disability of Individuals

...Individuals with intellectual and mental disabilities have a hard time in practicing their human rights and legal capa Intellectual disability is defined as significantly below average intellectual functioning. Intellectual disability have also been termed as learning disability, mental retardation or intellectual handicap (An Introduction to par.25; Mittler p.28). They have difficulties with such because of their lower mental capacity, which is deemed lower class by the society. They face issues of discrimination that they encounter when they are meet legal issues that needs to be addressed immediately. With their condition, they should be treated with consideration and sensitivity to be able to help them properly with their legal issues...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois: A Freedom Fighter

...W.E.B Du Bois: a Freedom Fighter William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was born on February 23, 1868 in Western Massachusetts. He was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, writer and editor. He was a co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP in 1909. He was engaged in the serious battle against racial discrimination and social injustice. As an activist, he fought for the rights of black people and the improvement of their living conditions. This strong commitment led to the clashes of views with Booker T Washington and some leaders of the Harlem Renaissance. He made a strong commitment to counteract the negative racist stereotypes about black people. He wrote many...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Freedom of Expression and Anonymity on the Internet

... Freedom of Expression and Anonymity on the Internet The right for freedom of expression has always been among the most discussed and, at the same time, problematic issues in the society. It is so because freedom of speech is what a lot of people have fought for and never gained. These days, freedom for expression seems to be available a greater number of people than ever before. With the rise of the Internet, it has become even more accessible because of anonymity the Internet grants its users with. While the majority of people use anonymity without breaking any rules of conduct, some of them misuse and abuse freedom given to them. Such behavior results in the spread of the notions of cyberbullying and trolling, with the first of them...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Freedom of Speech

...FREEDOM OF SPEECH Freedom of speech Introduction The term freedom of speech generally refers to the right to express or communicate ones views and thoughts. This term is used synonymously at times but however, it is connected with any act of trying to receive, find and provide information as well as thoughts regardless of the channel used. (Melkonian, 2012) However, offence principle is a terminology that we use in order to expand the limitations of free speech over a wider range and also to ban the modes of expressions that the society considers offensive and of special interests to individuals and the groups. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights recognizes freedom of expression as one of the human rights under article 19 (Jeffreys...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Speech or Presentation on topic Intellectual Freedom for FREE!

Contact Us