Joint attention in autism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Introduction “She had such pretty-hazel eyes with long curly eyelashes, finely tapered eyebrows, flaxen coloured curls and a sweet yet ‘far-away’ expression. I hoped against hope that all would eventually go well, and that she was just a slow starter” (Frith, U, 2003,1)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.2% of users find it useful
Joint attention in autism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Joint attention in autism"

Download file to see previous pages The expression ‘’far-away’’, with which the child is characterized, describes perfectly the lack of social interaction that people have with autism. This is one of the reasons why children with autism may be referred to as ‘aloof’ or ‘withdrawn’ as they appear disinterested in the world around them (Wall, 2004, 5). Other behavioural aspects that show the existence of autism are avoidance of eye contact, lack of desire to interact or play with other children or adults, lack of desire to establish relationships and friendships, inability to interpret people’s feelings and emotions, lack of verbal and non-verbal social communication as well as some restricted repertoire activities. One of the factors that prove to be problematic while handling social behaviour of children with autism is ‘joint attention’. It can be described as the process by which one alerts another about any observation via nonverbal means such as gazing or pointing (Wikipedia). Impairment in joint attention is common in every person with autism and thus it is considered as a fundamental area that needs to be studied in depth. Joint attention in typical development In the early years of their lives, infants of typical development are capable only of involuntary signals; a thing that is similar to what other animals do that have limited social behaviour themselves. From an evolutionary point of view, behaviour exists for communication purposes as the older, more mature and cognitively developed people are able to interpret them correctly and therefore understand the children’s needs. But unlike other animals, human infants’ communication skills improve very quickly. They tend to develop new cognitive capacities that enable them to extract socially relevant information from the voices, faces and gestures of other people (Slater, Lewis, 2002, 264). After the first year of their lives, the infants develop rapidly in a cognitive level while leaving behind the limited capacities he used to have. He gets one step closer to a fully developed human being who is able to understand the intentions of others through their behaviour. During this period, the infants quickly learn the procedure of understanding other people’s mind through specific procedures. First they look into their mother’s eyes with delight and follow the direction of her gaze for information. Then, it has been observed that the children smile in response to their mother’s voice in order to get her attention. Finally, the infants babble syllables; using words symbolically to get people’s attention and influence their behaviour. Not after the first year will the ability of understanding other’s thoughts develop in the child. The mind reading ability, which distinguishes humans from other animals, develops gradually over the first year. This ability is spotted first within the non-verbal communication (gaze, gesture- in other words joint attention) of the children and then, it is manifested more clearly in the child’s ability to speak and understand language. Joint attention in autism Recent studies have shown that children with autism cannot initiate joint attention skills; a thing that is called ‘joint attention deficit’. It is described as ‘a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests or achievements with other people’ (American Psychiatric Association, 1995, p.72). Specifically, there are two different functions that joint attention behaviours seem to serve; ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Joint attention in autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/geography/1404997-joint-attention-in-autism
(Joint Attention in Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/geography/1404997-joint-attention-in-autism.
“Joint Attention in Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/geography/1404997-joint-attention-in-autism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Joint attention in autism

Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

...? Ph. D. Dissertation, Psychology Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder A dissertation submitted to the faculty of the University -------------- at ---------- in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy of ____________ in the Department of ____________. [School] [Date of Approval of the Thesis] Approved by; Abstract Despite the alarming rate of rise in childhood disorders, there has not been a reliable medical test to differentiate ADHD and ASD. The patients who are misdiagnosed end up taking wrong medication meant for a different disorder. There have been constant complaints from different parts of the world about the misdiagnosis of the two disorders through...
50 Pages(12500 words)Dissertation

Autism

..., tension in marriage, stigma and humiliation in order to give psychosocial support to the families of children with autism (Gupta & Singhal 2005). Review of Literature Smith, Rowlandson and Bohane (2010) examined autistic spectrum disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in order to develop an inter-agency service for children and their families and schools. The research suggests that a variety of government programs promote increased shared working between agencies to guarantee that holistic and harmonized evaluation of need, and combined intervention is accessible to children and families. The research brought together method for evaluation and diagnosis of autistic spectrum problems and...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Functional Communication: Joint Attention

...social, motor, language, and other skills that they had already developed. Similar to autism, children with this disorder face problems with spoken language as well as nonverbal behaviors. They lack the ability to initiate and continue conversation. They have problems interacting with others, and hence, form relationships only with family members and friends. These children lose control over body functions, such as bladder and bowel. Pervasive development disorder, not otherwise specified (PDDNOS), is a category including those children who have problems with their communication skills, motor movements, and a little problem with social interactions; however,they are social enough to be considered autistic (Hirsch, 2009)....
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Autism

... Parents Play an Important Role in Managing Autistic Children Having an autistic child could be a great challenge to most parents, especially if the parent lacks adequate skills in handling the child. The behaviors exhibited by such children could cause the parents to worry and probably fail to provide the appropriate care. But most researchers support the role that parents play in dealing with autistic children as teachers, proponents of appropriate intervention, in the administration of their needs and in research on autism. Even so, there are scholars who have argued on the ethical implication of using children in research and others who argue on therapists as better suited in handling autistic children other than their parents... . From...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Autism

...to pay any attention to what they see or hear, they have problem in dealing with variation in routine, they tend to use objects in unusual manner, and they tend to have unusual attachment to objects (Deming, 1999). Autistic children may have symptoms which are autonomous of the diagnosis, but, which can affect the family or an individual. Approximately 0.5% to 10% of children with ASD illustrate strange abilities, which ranges from splinter abilities which include the memorization of details to the extraordinarily unusual talents of phenomenal autistic savants. Many children with ASD or autism show higher skills in attention and perception, to the universal population. The Sensory...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Autism

...? Autism Autism Introduction Autism is a general term of complex brain development disorders. Autism is characterized by different degrees and extent: by nonverbal and verbal communication, by difficulty in social interaction, and by repetitive behaviors. The condition includes autistic disorders, pervasive developmental disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger syndrome, and Rett syndrome. However, after the publication of DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all the autistic conditions are now merged to ASD diagnosis. This condition is associated with the difficulties in motor attention and coordination, intellectual disability, and issues of physical...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Joint Attention

...two or more individuals to share the same intention to reach a common goal, and in our case, Ethan and I both pressed the button to create a sound from the toy. At first, he just observed what I did, he imitated it, and went on to cooperate with me as I encouraged him to take turns with me in our play. Joint Attention and Autism Children with Autism are often compared to infants in terms of their attention, social and communication development. Whalen, Schreibman & Ingersoll (2006) agree that there is considerable evidence that children with autism possess impairments in their symbolic and pretend play which are related to deficits in...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Autism

...is a behavioral disorder which is a central nervous system disease. Ozana et al (2003) call it an umbrella term for a wide spectrum of disorders which is sometimes referred to as the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The term Pervasive Developmental Disorder is also sometimes used. The disorder can range from the very mild form of Asperger’s Syndrome to the severe infantile form. Some of the characteristics described by Ozana et al include back and forth meaningless body movements, no attention being paid to conversations, ritualistic and obsessive behaviors and violent reactions to change. Phetnasuwan et al (2009) expand the description and describe autistic spectrum disorders as a group of five closely...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Paper

Autism

...Autism Angelica Pierce PSY 5410 David Horner November 20, of the Rockies Autism is one of the serious genetic diseases which create problems in social interactions, language learning and behaviours etc. More than 90% of the causes of autism are related to genetics or heredity. Even though, medical science has advanced a lot, so far no effective medicines or treatment options were developed to tackle autism. Autistic patients may exhibit extra ordinary skills in some areas of learning whereas they may lack skills in other areas. Even though, many genetic factors are suspected as the major causes of autism, some neurotransmitters, synapses and...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Autism

...treatable? Joyce: Yes, it is. According to studies, with proper instructions, all autism victims can make significant improvement. James: Autism is definitely treatable. Once victims learn to understand the world around them, they can eventually be responsive to others. Q: How can autism victims learn best? Joyce: Through teachers who have been specially trained. James: Through specially structured programs putting emphasis on individual attention. Q: Which jobs can autism victims do? Joyce: Generally, autism sufferers best perform jobs that involve repetition and are structured. James: Individuals with autism can work...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Joint attention in autism for FREE!

Contact Us