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Borderlands: Pakistan and Afghanistan and How They are Applied to the Durand Line - Thesis Example

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The present paper aims to explore the nature and reasons of conflict between two South Asian states, including Pakistan and Afghanistan, on the issue of borderline, connecting the two, by paying special concentration upon the historical and geographical backgrounds of the disputed matter…
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Borderlands: Pakistan and Afghanistan and How They are Applied to the Durand Line
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Download file to see previous pages The study has been supported with Traditional and Realism theories of international relations in order to explain the topic under examination in the light of these theoretical frameworks. Hence, the paper will present a comprehensive research on the region considered to be one of the most dangerous and insecure zones of the entire globe, which has earned the reputation of the safest haven of the terrorists belonging to the Al Qaeda and Taliban Movement. Situated at the extreme northern boundary of South Asia, Durand line is a long permeable border line carrying almost 2640 square kilometers, which separates two Muslim countries of Asia i.e. Pakistan and Afghanistan, from each other as independent states. The line was determined in the wake of the agreement made between the United Kingdom, the then British imperialist government of Indian sub-continent, through its foreign secretary Sir Henry Mortimer Durand on the one side, and the then Amir or ruler of Afghanistan Abdur Rahman Khan on the other. Article 1 of the 1893 Agreement manifestly and unconditionally acknowledges the sovereignty of Afghanistan, which would, as Article 2 states, not be interfered or challenged by the Government of British India altogether. Similarly, Articles 3 & 5 of the agreement also binds the Afghan Amir to respect the areas under the control of British India Government in the same manner as the latter is going to observe in respect of the Afghan regions. In addition, the agreement appears to be restricting both the parties to the contract on a permanent basis in order to escape any bitterness in future. Thus, the agreement was not signed on a temporary basis; on the contrary, it provides an absolute recognition of the Indian and Afghan administered areas on the principles of the execution of international agreements. However, the line has been a bone of contention between the two countries for the future years to come, resulting in disturbances in the countries created by the extremists in the name of community and ethno-racism. Hence, the stubborn and obstinate behavior of the voracious Afghan rulers did not let them comply with the 1893 Agreement, as they have a ravenous appetite of devouring the areas of neighboring Pakistan with the help of terrorists on the one hand, and their ally and Pakistan’s common enemy i.e. India. Historical Background: The Durand Line Agreement of 1893 was not the outcome of one single day; rather, it took a long time in entering into consensus by both the parties to the agreement. It was the time when Britain and Russia used to be rivals to each other during the Great Game Era. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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