Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper "Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation" focuses on the fact that from the early 1970s to the late 1990s women of colour and poor women were the main target of initiatives to promote contraception, but this strategy has now changed. …
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.4% of users find it useful
Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation"

2. Health professionals attempt to create a language that is more inclusive of experiences with different bodies, sexualities, genders and families, but they also still use the language of shame and disorder. Medical articles focus on people who are diagnosed with congenital adrenal hyperplasia or Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser Syndrome and who need immediate medical attention to fix the problem, such as surgery or hormonal treatment. However psychological interventions are mostly excluded from the research.
3. Sexual differentiation is a critical developmental process and causes structural and functional differences between sexes. The Y chromosome affects an undifferentiated gonad so that it develops into the testis and the lack of a Y gene causes an undifferentiated gonad to develop into an ovary. During puberty, the testis secretes testosterone, and the ovary secretes estrogen and progesterone. Sex steroids find receptors in the brain to trigger sexually dimorphic behaviours. Sexually dimorphic patterns can be explained by different expression of genes, GIF268 and ERK2.
4. As women in our evolutionary past risked enormous investment as a consequence of having sex, evolution favoured women who were highly selective about their mates. The selective cues are components of desire, economic capacity, social status, age, ambition, industriousness, dependability, stability, intelligence, compatibility, size, strength, good health, love and commitment. These qualities provide important information about the benefits a potential partner can bestow, such as the acquisition and steadiness of resources, and solutions to the problem of protection.
In the modern world, successful women place an even greater value than less successful women on mates who have professional degrees, high social status and greater intelligence, they also tend to desire mates who are tall, independent and self-confident.
5. According to the author, women place a premium on love in the process of choosing a mate, and the study finds that American and Japanese women say they would still require love for marriage, even if all other important qualities are present. It is biased to me. A mate’s qualities come first in the mating selection, and love follows it. Women are looking for mates who have great financial resources, good personalities, and great physical appearances. Without these qualities, women find it hard to fall in love. If, for example, a man lives in an apartment sharing a room with another man, his height is 5 feet 2 inches, and his weight is 120 pounds, this man is not attractive to very many women. Of course, no woman loves him first and then likes his circumstances. On the other hand, if a man has a great house near the beach and an athletic body, then many women will be attracted to that man. These women are likely to fall in love with this man because of his circumstances. We all should be able to love someone without any influences, but in reality influences such as money, personality and body type, create love (Page 43).  Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation Essay, n.d.)
Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation Essay. Retrieved from
(Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation Essay)
Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation Essay.
“Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation

Process of sexual differentiation

Summary of the main points Sexual differentiation according to Swaab (2007) also occurs in the human brain during the intrauterine period. Whereas genital sexual differentiation occurs during the first 6 weeks of pregnancy, sexual differentiation in the brain takes place from the age of about 4 months. In Swaab’s (2007) argument, since the process of sexual differentiation between the genitals and the brain occurs at two different stages and may be independent of each other, the trans-sexuality could occur. This means that a person may have the genitalia reflecting one sex, yet their brain functions according to the other gender. Sexual differentiation in the brain is a very intriguing topic of study. As Swaab (2007) states, the...
3 Pages (750 words) Term Paper

Birth control

There are different opinions throughout the world that label birth control either a good choice or a completely ridiculous one. The only contraceptive option that has been widely accepted and acknowledged to date is the use of condoms. This method is widely popular for not only being able to protect a woman and man alike from unwanted pregnancies that occur all over the globe, but also for stopping the spread of several sexually transmitted diseases. Although many of the scholars, pediatricians and medical experts support the concept of using a variety of these methods to control birth, a number of them have now acknowledged an even safer method that is abstinence. Abstinence literallymeans that a person refrains from the activit...
8 Pages (2000 words) Admission/Application Essay

Birth control

...?Reflective Preface The essay is about the complexities of birth control on how this is perceived and applied in different countries. In this paper, two extreme cases were presented to illustrate the complexities of perspective and application of birth control in different countries. First, is the case of the centrally planned state China to illustrate how birth control is deliberately used as a policy for national economic development, under the pain of penalty, that the population should be limited to available production of material means as demanded by a socialist state. In China’s case, it is the state which advocates, encourages and enforces birth control without any hindrance but in other country such as Philippines...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Birth Rate Control Proposal

... College Birth Rate Control Proposal High birth rates have huge implications on the quality of life for the children, resource usage and determination of the quality of life for families. However, most of the people bearing children today are either in unfit social conditions or do not have the capacity to bring up the child in the right atmosphere while others have some hereditary diseases, which makes it possible to propagate some diseases for generations down the line, with increased suffering among those involved. I propose a program that if adhered to would significantly reduce birthrates in the country by discouraging people with low incomes and poor people from having more than one child, and those with terminal and hereditary...
5 Pages (1250 words) Research Paper

Birth Control

Running Head Birth Control Birth Control Birth control is a part of family planning policies aimed to limit number of children and undesirable pregnancy. Overpopulation is the main problem faced by modern society. Today, the world's population increases by 203,800 every day (Kass-Annese and Danzer, 2003). Advocates of birth control address problems of social stability, war, poverty, and economic development in the United States and the developing nations through family planning programs, including birth control and sterilization. Among the advocates of birth control, opinion divides over the urgency of the population problem. While concerned about the problems of overpopulation in the world, including the United States, these expe...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Birth Control in Schools

..."Birth Control in schools" Submitted Carole Embden By: Brenda Jones January Interpersonal Communication Birth Control in Schools Schools are the one institution in our society regularly attended by most young people-nearly 95% of all youth aged 5 to 17 years are enrolled in elementary or secondary schools (National Center for Education Statistics, 1993). Large percentage of youth attend schools for years before they encounter sexual risk-taking behaviors and a majority is enrolled at the time they initiate intercourse. Just as youth in communities with high rates of poverty and social unawareness are more likely to become pregnant so youth in schools with high rates of poverty and social inadequacy are also more likely to become pregnant...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

Birth Control Policy

...Running Head: Birth Control Policy Birth Control Policy Introduction Public policy refers to a deliberateand intentional course of action carried out by governments in order to address a certain problem. In an attempt to try to understand how different governments pursue a certain public policy it is important to identify different institutions as well as groups that actually form the policy framework. For this reason, several theories have been advanced in a bid to try and explain the process of public policy making. The theories are different from each other as they rely on very different parameters and basis for their analyses. For instance, some theories such as the public choice theory put more emphasis and focus at the level...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Arguments for Birth Control

... BIRTH CONTROL Arguments for birth control Birth control helps in the regulation of menstrual cycle among women especially for those who have irregular periods. Birth control pills assist in making the menstrual cycles to be very predictable and regular. They further lower menstrual cramps also known as dysmenorrhea thus relieving women a lot of pain that is associated with them. Birth control pills reduce the risk associated with symptomatic endometriosis by reducing the chances of the disease spreading further and causing more harm to the body. The pills offer the first and most reliable means of mitigating the growth as well as the pain linked to endometriosis due the hormones that are the therapy with fewer side effects. The pills...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Birth control

... Contraceptives PART A In the current era where giving birth is such a critical event, contraceptives have been widelyused to help control and plan the right time to have children. In the US, various contraceptive methods have been approved and are available for use by both men and women. The various methods of contraception have been found to be highly effective and therefore need to be adopted. Statistics have indicated that a typical American woman needs only to have two children. This requires her to use contraceptives for about thirty years. Consequently, the issue of cost and sustainability of these methods sets in. The cost of sustaining the use of contraceptives is clearly evident and younger women, especially those in colleges...
1 Pages (250 words) Movie Review

Birth Control

Firstly, the world population is increasingly growing faster and even if one cannot feel the effects of earth’s growing population, many other nations are lacking basic needs and loosing resources. Therefore, philosophers and scientists argue that birth control can act significantly in slowing down the rate of population growth in the world and also prevent the increasing rate of deaths of infants. For instance, less than 5% people in many nations in Africa use the contraceptives; thus this increases the possibility of over population in the world. If the percentage of people using contraceptives was much higher and people could be aware of the advantages of using the controls it could assist everyone in the planet in terms...
3 Pages (750 words) Assignment

Food Advertising and Its Impact on Young Minds

Issue of fairness: I believe like most parents and consumer protection groups that advertising directly to children is dangerous and unethical as it can be deceptive and manipulative. It also promotes consumerism and poor nutritional habits to a defenseless target audience.
To create awareness and promote stricter Regulations: In the UK, as compared to many other European nations, there are currently few policies or standards for food advertising and marketing aimed at children. For example, The Nordic countries are at the forefront of protecting children from the effects of advertising. Sweden has the strictest controls in Europe and in 1991 instituted a ban on television and radio advertising targeted at children under the...
18 Pages (4500 words) Research Proposal

Criminal Law Doctrines of Sexual and Person Offences

The criterion that is used is by assessing whether a reasonable man would have been able to assess the risk inherent in his actions that caused harm, which will be sufficient to establish men's rea3. However, the road accident has occurred through no fault of James and it is only after the incident that James discovered that the man killed happened to be Hugh. Therefore, the underlying intent to cause bodily harm with malice afterthought will not be established. Despite the fact that James had set out with murderous intentions which indicate the existence of men's rea he did not actually carry them out which means the absence of actus rea and the accident was not the result of malice afterthought. Therefore he should not be charge...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Budgetary Control and Costing System

Job costing and Process Costing are the two basic methods of costing. Job costing is suitable to industries, which manufacture or execute the work according to the specifications of the customers. Process costing is suitable to industries where production is continuous and the units produced are identical. All other methods are combinations, extensions or improvements of these basic methods.

1. JOB COSTING: It is also called specific order costing. It is adopted by industries where there is no standard product and each job or work order is different from the others. The job is done strictly according to the specifications given by the customers and usually, the job takes only a short time for completion. The purpose of...
17 Pages (4250 words) Case Study

Regulating Gun-Control & Public

It would be pertinent to identify the various kinds of arms regulation, put forth by those who advocate them before we understand the dynamics of arms regulation issues. Gun controls are of various kinds, but we shall discuss the most recently executed methods which the scope of this discussion encompasses (Poe, 2001).
Presently, in most of the cities and states of the country, an obligatory waiting period is enforced which is one the most common kind of gun control. This period is usually from three to seven days and the purpose is to slow down the purchase of a gun in order to harness an impulsive desire to execute a crime. A waiting period is often advocated by its proponents due to the reason that in case a person was not...
12 Pages (3000 words) Assignment

Building Control, Planning and Health and Safety

For semi-detached or detached house the volume of the extension is less than 70m3 or 15 percent of the volume of the original building whichever is the greater subject - with an absolute limit of 115m3.” [1]

Though apparently the extension pertains to none of the above cases yet the purpose of the extension if renewed and renovated it may not at all require the Building Regulation’s approval and obtain a retrospective Building Regulation consent for the extension from the Local Authority. When the house converted to a terraced house the extension’s construction becomes perfectly legal considering it is less than 50 cc or 10% of the volume of the original building as cited above. Poles are bored to crea...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

The Law behind the Sexual Harassment at Work

Incidence like verbally threatening or harassing an employee or a co-worker to consider having a sexual relationship and physical offense such as in the case wherein an employee has been physically forced to have a sexual relationship with someone who has a higher work position within an organization including the frequent use of sexually demeaning languages or physical objects that significantly reflects the genital parts of a man or a woman may or may not occur within a corporate setting.
Aiming to fully understand the existing U.S. law on sexual harassment at work, the legal aspect of sexual harassment within a corporate setting will be carefully examined by going through an intensive research study. In the process of disc...
11 Pages (2750 words) Term Paper

Accounting - The Meaning of Control Exerted By Controlling Entity Over Its Subsidiaries

IAS 27 defines ‘control’ as the ‘power to govern the financial and operating policies of an enterprise so as to obtain benefits from its activities.’(IAS Plus)i. Again ‘control’ under SIC 12 is treated to be exerted when the entity has decision making powers to obtain the majority of benefits of activities or business of Special Purpose Entity (SPE). Now consider the definition of control provided by Exposure Draft 10. Paragraph 11 of ED defines control as a situation when ‘a reporting entity controls another entity when the reporting entity has the power to direct the activities of that other entity to generate returns for reporting entity.’

A careful reading of the above...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Weight Control as a Key to Self Improvement

To date, some 38 million Americans are “significantly heavier” than average, and because of this fact alone are targets for societal and institutional prejudice. People who are judged fat are discriminated against at work, school, in acquiring access to public accommodations, in applications for insurance, and access to adequate medical care. (Angier, 2005)

Many people take the words “obese” and “overweight” to mean the same thing. Actually, they are not. Overweight refers to an increased body weight (not necessarily increase in body fat) relative to height, above that which is generally accepted as a standard. (Capella University, 2004). Obesity, however, is “defined simply as...
16 Pages (4000 words) Thesis

The Birth of a Nation by D.W. Griffith

...The birth of a Nation is a silent film that is directed by D. W. Griffith in the year 1915, which is based on when America went through a civil war, as well as the aftermath that occurred thereafter. It was inspired by The Clansman, which is also a novel and play. This film is quite well known for its awesome effects, camera tricks, and its lighting, and it also caused a great deal of controversy in that it positively portrays the Ku Klux Klan (American Movie Classics Company LLC). Griffith is quite creative in how he transforms the military opposition between the North and South to the opposition between Blacks and Whites. The film begins during the prewar times. The American civil war has not yet begun. The film turns its focus on two...
6 Pages (1500 words) Movie Review

Beyond Sberkassa and Aeroflot: Russian Advertising Today

As a phenomenon of post-industrialist society, Russian advertising cannot be considered in a narrow or simplified manner. On the one hand, because of its role as an accelerator of Russian market relations, advertising belongs to the domain of economics. On the other hand, advertisements are distributed by the same channels as mass culture, use the same graphic and expressive means, and, most importantly, address the same mass audience.

Only two decades ago, on the eve of perestroika, Moscow was “the city where the notion of the branded product was nonexistent, and the concept of choice - in the marketplace or in the politics - virtually unknown” (Burandt & Giges, 1992, p. 11). But in the 1990s with an in...
69 Pages (17250 words) Dissertation
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Birth Control Advertising and Sexual Differentiation for FREE!

Contact Us