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Research proposal - Dissertation Example

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Research Proposal Name University Professor Course Date Title: Incentives and expectancies in the aim of motivation: how do employees see the situation? Introduction Within the realm of economics the notion that incentives or rewards provided by employers to employees based on performance and effort are a major means of obtaining and ensuring staff motivation and output, is widespread and unbridled…
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Download file to see previous pages A growing and more substantial body of research and studies provide evidence of conflict between intrinsic motivation (a person’s own motivation for undertaking a task) and extrinsic motivation (external and conditionally imposed motivation for undertaking a task) (Benabou & Tirole, 2003; Holmstrom & Milgrom, 1991; Kreps 1997). In response to the diverse range of motivational studies a number of motivational theories have emerged that endeavor to account for the various findings. Such theories include those that focus either on incentives, expectancies or goals, and those that seek explanation of how employees respond to different types of incentives provided. The objective of this study is to take an investigative approach to research the various motivational theories and how they are being implemented within the workplace. A study will then be undertaken in order to determineundertaking a study that will focus on employee perceptions of the motivational incentive systems operating within their company, and how they impact on their performance and effort. ...
research literature in relation to motivational systems and theories used within the workplace, and has the potential to provide suggestions for future incentive systems that take both intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors into account and foster best opportunities and maximum efficiency and effectiveness of personnel. Literature review Motivational theorists consider that for each and every thing we do (behavior and actions) there is a fundamental reason or cause. They also believe that appreciation of the causes will enable prediction and thus allow for influence on those behaviors or actions (Franken, 2002). Motivational research today focuses mainly on the determination of what spurs motivation - what stimulus is required to increase motivation - and takes both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation into consideration. Intrinsic motivation according to Oudeyer & Kaplon (2007) is best understood when contrasted with extrinsic motivation, which relates to any activity that is undertaken because of some of kind of reward or discrete outcome. Intrinsic motivation by contrastive definition refers to activities that are undertaken solely for pleasure with no price or value imposed on it (Ryan & Deci, 2000). An important distinction however, is that intrinsic and extrinsic do not mean the same as internal and external and are not synonyms. Internal motivations receive internal rewards, whereas external motivation receives external rewards; intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation however is not determined by where the reward comes from but on the type of reward that is given (Oudeyer & Kaplon, 2007). The theory of incentives has traditionally assumed that concrete and/or intangible rewards such as money, power or investments (Hoy & Miskel, 1991) that are given ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Research proposal
The traditions of a country influence the option of its accounting techniques and the penetration of its different accounting evolutions (Belkaoui and Picur, 1991). In contrast, countries have distinguished their own accounting criterion that has tended to mirror their own precise environments (Evan and Taylor, 1982).
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Masters Research Proposal Assignment
Anticipated timeline 16 Title: Motivation in the workplace: employee perceptions. 1. Background Within the realm of economics, the notion that employer incentives or rewards based on employee performance and effort are a major means of obtaining and ensuring staff motivation and output, is widespread and unbridled.
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As a consequence, the globalisation commitment entered into by countries in multilateral agreements was met with slow progress and considerable suspicion by political and civic groups. Businessmen were quick to see the advantages, however, of gaining access to new markets opening up across borders.
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In order to prevent this, societies develop laws as well agencies which enforce them. Those who break the law are said to have committed a crime and are punished by law enforcement agencies. However, while these agencies are traditionally linked with catching the criminals after the crime, they are also tasked with prevention crimes before they happen (Dressler, 2002).
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It is likelihood in the future and its effects/impact will depend on the level of preparedness of governments and institutions. The level of preparedness will be guided by the kid of information an institution has or is available. To this end, the level of preparedness and the impacts of the various strategies/policies in use is not available.
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Such factors shall pertain to either firm specific or country specific resources and attributes which exert an influence over the eventual choice of a mode of entry of a multinational firm into the host country. During the third quarter of the twentieth century, globalisation was considered a largely political issue, with implications concerning foreign dominance and power wielded by rich, developed nations over the developing and underdeveloped Third World countries.
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Thus, the advances in science and technology are now focusing research and development projects in the field of renewable energy. Renewable energy sources are arguably the future of human survival in this world. One of the very important paradigms of research in the field of renewable energy sources is solar energy.
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Since corporate governance has to do with setting priorities, delegating power and organizing accountability, it receives high priority on the agenda of policymakers, institutional investors, companies and academics. Recent American and European corporate scandals (Enron, WorldCom, Ahold, etc.) set off a fresh round of debate.
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When one is travelling, he/she meets people not of his/her language and the need for effective communication if required. When one is doing a research work, the knowledge of another language is key for reliable and valid results. At times also one is forced to have the knowledge of another language after a change of culture, religion or when one wants to understand how others think.
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Outsourcing has been defined to pertain to a company’s transfer of its operations offshore which enable them to cut down the costs of their operations (Doye 2005). Notwithstanding this particular scenario, outsourced companies continue to adopt measures by which they ensure that the products and services that they offer to their customers retain their quality (Doye 2005).
6 Pages(1500 words)Dissertation
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