Women and girls’ increased vulnerability to HIV/AIDS
The concept of gender plays a major role in determining the type of health services one accesses. Gender relates to both the biological and sex related attributes in different individuals. …
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A closer look at the concept of death globally, a great percentage of these deaths are related to the girl child and women in general. Studies indicate that, by the year 2030, the number of girls and women deaths will keep escalating with an alarming trend (David, et al., 2009). This trend is attributed to the fact that at most times; women are discriminated in terms of provision of quality health care. Most of these discrimination cases have a great correlation with the social and cultural factors. Among the major causes that bar women from accessing quality health care are inclusive of imbalance of power between men and women; in that men feel that they are better placed to be in position of power, norms in the society that reduce the chances of women being independent, constant violence- both emotional and physical on women- and finally, too much focus on the woman’s reproductive health over general concerns. These facts need to be well thought-out, so as to access quality healthcare to the women and girls. However, it is vital to note that poverty has played a great role in shaping the concept of gender and inequality to access opportunities by the female gender. Poverty has been credited for its endeavor to share the greatest percentage of its burden to the girl child, rendering them a slave to dependants of other persons, so as to acquire proper healthcare. The concept of women being regarded free by nature and being equal to men, with the same rights and privileges does not apply in the concept of provision of healthcare facilities. Studies indicate that about 60% of the deaths regarding HIV & AIDS are women and girls (Welbourn, 2008). Globally, the major causative agents of deaths among the female gender are the HIV &AIDS pandemic, a factor that calls for restructuring of policies and measures to curb the menace. These structures must be formulated in such a way that, women are empowered to claim their rights and positions in an attempt to realize the need to access proper healthcare to all persons. In an instance whereby the women are given an opportunity to fight for their right to proper medication, there is a great likelihood that the issue of vulnerability among the females and the girl child will be minimized at a higher level. This essay shall highlight the concept of women and girls’ vulnerability to HIV and AIDS and the rising percentages of the number of lives lost to HIV and AIDS pandemic. The essay shall take the feminist point of view that women and girls are at increased vulnerability to succumb to HIV and AIDS for the reason that they are ascribed to, societal roles that make it complicated to protect themselves from HIV and AIDS as will be discussed in the essay. Secondly, lack of education has been indicated to be the major cause of the girls and women acquiring HIV and AIDS, and finally, the imbalance of power between men and women that forces women to subjects of men. In the society, women are ascribed to various roles that make it complicated for them to be protected from HIV/AIDS. According to Bolton & Talman (2010) the ratio of HIV of men to women stands at 1: 3. With these facts, it is evident that in almost all parts of the world, an attempt to erase the traditional concept of the woman, as a subject, still proves to be an uphill task to the concerned stakeholders. Due to the responsibilities imposed on the women by the society, a greater percentage of them attest to the thought that they have not been granted an opportunity to take charge of their sexuality. Major cases of this fact are evident in Sub-Saharan Africa where women especially the illiterate are forced to remain uninformed on sexual matters. Their remaining passive
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The exclusion criteria involved the removal of the duplicates, articles not relevant to the topic, those that lack conclusive data as well as other reasons. The main factors that will form the scope of the study include HIV/AIDS prevalence in Zambia, policy overview, interventions, recommendations and challenges.
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
During his tenure, president Museveni decentralized political, administrative, and fiscal responsibilities to the district level. This aimed at improving service delivery; broaden democratic space, and general rural development in the country. At this time, the life expectancy at birth was at about 46.5 years, in the 1990s (Barnett and Blaikie 1992).
Not surprisingly, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been cited as being a "developmental crises," expected to negatively impact all major demographic, economic, and social indicators. South Africa has experienced one of the worst HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world, with quickly escalating infection and prevalence rates.
The problem is one which is based on gaps that are not available with the designs and initiatives that are associated with PLHIV. While there are some integration methods which are available for the proper care and assistance, it is also noted that there is a lack of development, strategies and planning with specific programs.
In 1996 the Secretary General of the UN, at the 52nd session of the Commission for Human Rights (CHR) was requested to expand the guidelines of the human rights with respect to HIV/AIDS, prepare a report of findings and ensure those finding were disseminated internationally.
The author states that HIV/AIDs epidemic is an enormous issue in developing countries like Indonesia, Africa, and Philippines. African is worst infected with HIV persons, and the use of condoms has sown less fruits. There is still hope when it comes to the HIV phenomenon, as several ways of preventing the infectious disease are being measured.
Why is HIV-AIDs so prominent an issue in post-apartheid South Africa? Does religion offer solutions or exacerbate the problems? South Africa’s transition from apartheid to democracy was accompanied by a new constitution that held out hope for liberties and rights unheard of during apartheid.
Poverty could account for many infections, which are felt in Africa today. It has been quite challenging when dealing with the infectious disease since the medical services in Africa are declining, poverty is mounting, and a vast sphere of gender inequality has consumed the continent.
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