The study of Sathye (2002) investigated the productive efficiency of banks in India. Her results were that the mean efficiency score of Indian banks was comparable with the world mean efficiency score, as well as the efficiency of private sector commercial banks as a group were, ironically, lower than that of public sector banks.
For most firms, investment is an essential component of the operations. Its financial facet is an intriguing part that is both simple and complex. Capital budgeting is considered as a primary activity when it comes to investments. It is believed that the value of the investment is determined by such a process.
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Sage helps its clients make business operations run smoothly and harmoniously by giving them software technology with lasting benefits by automating monetary transactions. Sage also offers after-sales maintenance services to clients that have purchased their products. The Sage organizational set up concentrates on encouraging entrepreneurship.
Synergy considerations should outweigh the arithmetic of valuation in acquisitions (Damodaran, 1994, p287). This assumes that the strategic fit of both alternatives is the same. The Discounted Cash Flow method has important limitations and may lead to erroneous decisions if seen in isolation (Trigeorgis, 1995, p 17).
ABC is a system of accounting that focuses on activities as the fundamental cost objects and uses the costs of these activities as building blocks for compiling the costs of other cost objects (Such as product or department).ABC seeks not only to allocate over heads to product costs on more realistic basis, than simply production volume, but also attempts to show relationship between overheads costs and activities that cause them It is also called activity-bases costing or activity accounting.
According to the report, United States Surgical Corporation Audit, during the 1981, Ernst & Whinney resigned as the audit group of United States Surgical Corporation due to a discrepancy made in the audit to mold and dies tooling. The discrepancy was about the tooling purchases that were classified as capital expenditures.
Unilever has always been a staunch follower of all social responsibility laws.The social responsibility laws focus on many issues (Sluyterman 2005, 12).Further, one such issue is the payment of minimum salaries to its workers.Another such issue is the implementation of work conditions where environmental laws are taken into consideration.
The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is used in finance to assist in measuring a firm's cost of capital. There are a lot of firms that have used this in the past as a discount rate for financed projects because the cost of financing is regarded by some as a logical discount rate (required rate of return) that can be used.
The author states that corporate governance is a complex concept as it deals with many different economic happenings. Looking at a broader perspective corporate governance can be regarded as a set of procedures, customs, guidelines, rules, and regulations affecting the way a corporation is planned, directed, governed or controlled.
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, Research Paper
However, we will be focusing more on the International Financial Reporting Standards in Europe which are surveyed and controlled by the International Accounting Standards Board; if nothing but merely due to a lack of space.
Within that period, a massive sum of money and innumerable hours will be required reconstructing the destroyed infrastructures and buildings and severely affected institutions. Although several studies after Hurricane Katrina have showed early recovery inconsistencies motivated by gender and class, hardly any systems or measures are able to capture recovery patterns all over the whole affected territory and over extended time span (Curtis, Duval-Diop & Novak 2010).
An audit is also called an engagement of assurance with five important elements such as a three-party relationship that involves the accountant who is professional including the responsible party and the user’s intention. The other elements that may be considered are subject matter, suitable criteria, engagement process, and the conclusion.
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, Book Report/Review
The article is of essential contribution to the readers in realizing the fundamental elements of the financial derivatives which have been termed as economic ‘time bombs’ and ‘financial weapons of mass destruction’. The editorial, after making a very sensible observation of the backgrounds of Warren Buffett’s controversial comments.
This research paper shows that independence has been examined as "an intensely felt professional philosophy". It is supposed that part of the solution in deciphering ethical impasses regarding potential and identified risks to assessor independence is to put more stress on professional beliefs.
Marine cargo insurance is a sub-branch of the marine insurance that takes care of the cargo regardless of whether the cargo belongs to the carrier. If the corporation that owns the cargo is different from the carrier of the cargo, marine cargo insurance compensates the owner of the damaged cargo in case some damages occur on the cargo.
Early intervention would, in fact, assist people in avoiding bankruptcy and also would assist in a return to financial health if bankruptcy is the only option. Thus it is obvious that a solution is fast needed for the young Americans and that solution could be the development of morality that would resist the young Americans from being a compulsive buyer with help of a credit card.
The job opportunities for accountants in all types of public and private sector organizations continue to grow.Accountants are strategic providers of financial information on the basis of which decisions are taken.
Based on the summary in Table 1, $282.978 trillion was raised in Japan, the U.K., and the U.S. from 2001 to 2006 from IPOs, debt offerings, and mergers and acquisition activities throughout the world. The declines from 2001 to 2003 resulted from the dotcom bubble explosion and corporate scandals in the late 1990s.
As is the common case with any industrial sector, there are a number of ways in which the risk is calculated by every company. This paper is aimed at elucidating the various ways in which financial entities calculate and predict the risk associated with automobiles. The research will take into account the two different estimate values.
The world of today has shrunk beyond belief. News travels across the globe within a matter of seconds, technology has scaled unprecedented heights and the world has become a global village. This has directly resulted in a boom in economic activities where individuals can sell to their customer across the world thanks to online banking.
Asian entrepreneurs and political leaders received lauding for their economic decision to cooperate with the European and American financial institutions in order to restructure their economies in the worldwide market. The growth of the emerging market economies was so rapid that they were seen as market models.
New policies were followed this year and it will be interesting to see what effect (if any) that the new policies have had on this company. This report will give recommendations for pricing strategies and will forecast next year’s performance. This paper will also report the results of the analysis performed on two projects and make appropriate recommendations.
This report covers the essential user requirements for the development of an Accounting Information System application, fully equipped to cater all the requirements of internal and external stakeholders.
Also, the same article emphasizes that managers prefer to use other tools in their decision-making activities. The other decision-making tools include the current ratio, quick ratio, times interest earned, payback period, make or buy a product, retain branch or shut down, budgeting, capital budgeting, transfer to another department pricing, product pricing.
The author of this paper gives tables with data as answers on the exercises and questions on Financial Analysis.The author does exercise on expanded accounting equation, balance sheet preparation, income statement preparation, cash flow computations, retained earnings computations, cash flow classifications.
The market price also functions as an indicator of the level of performance of the company. The market price of the company’s stock is a function of the quantum of cash flows from the investment in its stock, the timing of such cash flow and the risk associated with the realization of the cash flow.
The most extensive and generally used requisite in every loan contract is the working capital. The provision is vital as its principle is to maintain the company's present standing and ensure its capacity to repay the loan (Van Horne, Wachowicz & Bhaduri, 2005).
So, what is accountingAccounting is a system that provides quantitative information about finances. Accounting covers a wide range of tasks from updating and maintaining of accounting records; recording of business transactions; accounts balancing and reconciliation; accounts reporting amongst others.
As the share holders are the legal owners of the company, therefore management has the fiduciary obligation to act in the best interest of the share holders. Stock holders are often called shock absorbers as they provide risk capital to the company. The stock holders cushion the claims of other stake holders.
Interest rates influence the decision to invest in equities if the potential rate of return from a stock is greater than bond rates. Over time, equity investments show higher returns compared to gilts, bonds, and cash, which explains why investing in the stock market continues to be an attractive proposition (Barclays, 2005).
Today with domestic and foreign banks operating side by side risk management in the banking system is getting efficient. By employing better risk management practices, foreign banks are likely to improve risk and return trade-offs. Studies further claim that foreign banks may reduce the volatility of credit.
The Commercial Banks can be referred to as institutions that are involved in credit activities. Credit activities can be classified into deposit acceptance and borrowing funds from other banking institutions.
Net profit margin is the ratio of net income to sales showing the company’s ability to effectively manage cost and turn its revenue into profits. Logically, higher performance ratios indicate a healthier financial condition. Profitability ratios measure the ability of the company to generate income from its investments less the costs incurred.
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)." Those standards were and are controlled in the Uniform System of Accounts for the Lodging Industry (USALI), which is published by the American Hotel and Motel Association.
The overall condition of liquidity position of the company is looking quite suitable and stable. Firm is looking completely in situation to solve all of its problems in the form of any kind of crisis. All of these three ratios indicate generally if firm have to pay off its liabilities in any kind of contingency, then what would be its response to the demands of its shareholders.
The financial statements and other information presented in the annual report fairly represent the state of affairs and results of the operations of Crimson Plc group. The annual financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the legal and regulatory framework, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and the Accounting Standards.
Money in the form of deposits offers the least risk, of all financial instruments. But its value is most eroded by inflation. That is why one always prefers to store the funds in stocks, bonds, debentures, etc. The compromise in such investments is that the risk involved is more, and the degree of liquidity is less.
The company is planning to sell a collection of cars to various clients around the world in various currencies. The market of foreign exchange is always unpredictable. Their uncertain fluctuations in the rate of foreign exchange over a given duration of time, thus it is good to manage the risk exposure tentatively.
The author states that the bank registered a profit of RMB2.286 billion for the year 2008 which is comparatively low to the previous because of the global credit crisis. BOCHK being the clearing bank for RMB denominated business in Hong Kong proactively developed its policies and report growth in deposits by 58.5%.
Citizens Advice Chief Executive David Harker cited the CAB statistics as "worrying evidence" that a large and growing number of people will continue to pay the price, and will become overwhelmed by serious debt impacting adversely on their lives. Even more worrying are the "signs that people are struggling not only to repay the credit, but also to afford day-to-day essentials" (CAB, 2007).
Over the last few years, although there are quarterly fluctuations, there is a general downward GDP trend. Looking at annual real GDP, one can see a downward trend from 2.7% in 2006 to a slightly lower 2.1% in 2007 to the almost flat growth of .4% in 2008.
During this period Jack would have return of deposits amounting to $ 8000 and the return from superannuation as $ 1350. This could be deposited on long term basis and as the seven years are completed the amount could be added with the Marions return to meet their living expenses.
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In line with its mission to increase market share and to rank among one of the top three investment firms in the industry, Intersect Investments must continue its effort to diversify its product range and service delivery. Financial service is a customer oriented business and, therefore, would require high investments in the packaging and delivery of products and services.
It is wise to establish what your company can afford to spend at one time with the lowest possible profit margins. If and when a market has been established, one can then increase and base all budgets on the outgoing sales and profits. It can sometimes be a matter of what type of initial loss one is willing to take or what is affordable rather.
The case study of the impact of financial crisis on Honda car manufacturers is considered in terms of how the firm defines its core areas, evaluates its business methodologies and management philosophies, and conducts its diagnosis of management especially during a financial crisis which the world is facing now.
The last six months have demonstrated financial volatility that has never been witnessed may be since the great depression. This paper seeks to evaluate the present fiscal condition of the US federal government with emphasis on the causes of the crisis and an exploration of the effects of the crisis on both the public and private domain.
The current system is designed in Microsoft Excel and is created mostly manually. It is an unreliable way of data handling, also it provides few opportunities for automation. Also, this way does not allow tracking sales information during a number of years. I suggest creating a new Information System for Barnsleydale using Microsoft Access.
Enron has developed into becoming a part of America’s top ten companies in the span of nearly two decades. Their sudden rise to power seemed impossible to many industries in the financial world. However, the scam which brought upon Enron success was discovered.
Risk Identification methods should have the following attributes:1.They should examine all areas of the project in a systematic manner,2 They should be proactive rather than reactive,and They should synthesize risk information from all available sources of risk information”