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Clifton et al. (2008) therefore sought to investigate the long-term effects of high-protein diets (HP) on weight loss maintenance, bone health markers and cardiovascular disease risk factors.
2 – Methodology: The study was based on an intensive 12-week long weight loss program followed by a 52-week follow-up study on seventy-nine healthy women with a mean age of 49 (± 9) years. The study was based on a parallel design in which the subjects were randomly divided into two groups, one with a high protein (HP) diet and the other with a high carbohydrate diet (HC). Body weight, BMI, plasma glucose, serum total cholesterol, insulin, C-reactive protein and other disease biomarkers were measured during the intervention and in follow-up studies. The dietary record during follow-up was based on self-reported data on food intake.
3 – Result: The mean weight loss for the HP group was 4.6 ± 5.5 kg while it was 4.4 ± 6.1 kg for the HC group. The difference in weight loss between both the groups was statistically insignificant. There was an increase in HDL cholesterol in both the groups. Variations in lipid, insulin, C-reactive protein, glucose, folate and homocysteine levels were not significantly different between the two groups. Higher levels of vitamin B-12 were found in those with the HP dietary intervention.
4 – Discussion: Though the differences in weight loss between the two groups (HP and HC diets) were found to be statistically insignificant, multiple regression analysis was conducted on all subjects, collectively as one intervention group, to further ascertain the effects of HC and HP diets. This analysis revealed that while weight loss is greater in subjects who consume higher protein diets, carbohydrate intake was a better predictor of reduction in abdominal and total fat. The reduction in disease biomarkers and risk factors was related to the beneficial effects of weight loss that resulted from a HP diet rather than the HP
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Of particular interest are the rescue team personnel who were involved in the blast scene. The article, ‘Short term and medium term health effects of 9/11’ as was authored by Perlman, Friedman, Galea, Nair, Sarnyai, Stellman, Hon, and Green explores the short term and long term effects that involved rescuers suffered.
Book report: When Genius Failed: The Rise and fall of Long-Term Capital Management: By Roger Lowenstein.
Roger Lowenstein, an American financial writer and journalist was born in 1955 to Helen and Louis Lowenstein of Larchmont, New York. He studied at and graduated from Cornell University.
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The book can be used to motivate young learners since it has various motivational quotes and various learning activities can be easily established from the literature. The easiness of relating the encounters of Mandela in the book enables one to come up with activities that relate to the students’ daily experiences which serve in motivating the young learners.
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