Free

Mineral and Rocks - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Earth Science, involves the study of Mineralogy, Geology, Meteorology, astronomy and Geophysics that enables us to have a better understanding of the Earth and its atmosphere…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
Mineral and Rocks
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Mineral and Rocks"

Mineral and Rocks Order No. 535150 Michael Allaby (2009), in his book called “Earth Science: A Scientific History of the Solid Earth”, defines EarthScience as the study of all the phenomena and sciences that involve the understanding of the Earth. Earth Science, involves the study of Mineralogy, Geology, Meteorology, astronomy and Geophysics that enables us to have a better understanding of the Earth and its atmosphere. Radiology is used as a portent tool which helps us learn about the different aspects of our Earth such as its stratified structure of the various layers of rocks and soils and the other natural phenomena that impact upon our Earth. The physical properties of different minerals help us to identify and differentiate between them. However, there is one common property that is the same for all minerals and that is that all minerals exist in solid form and never in liquid form in their natural surroundings. According to Michael Allaby’s (2009) book “Earth Science: A Scientific History of the Solid Earth”, the author explains that minerals came into being when the Earth evolved and human activity has nothing to do with the formation of minerals. Minerals and also classified and categorized as chemical compounds due to their chemical composition and their crystalline form. In his book titled “Earth Science: A Scientific History of the Solid Earth”, Michael Allaby (2009) explains that most of the minerals are inorganic in their natural form. A good example is sodium chloride, also known as common salt which possesses all the characteristics of a mineral. Common salt or sodium chloride has a solid form, is inorganic and is comprised of chemical compounds. In addition to this, common salt is crystalline in structure and occurs as the result of natural phenomena. Silicate minerals are obtained from the chemical reaction of silicon with oxygen. Gradually, the silicates associate and react with other elements which give it specific properties. For example minerals such as Potassium (K) Sodium (Na) Magnesium (Mg) Calcium (Ca) and Iron (Fe) are formed in this way. Some of the selected groups are classified as Quartz, Olivine group, Micas, Pyroxene group and the Amphibole group. The crust of the Earth is Feldspar which also belongs to the group of silicate minerals. Mineral rocks have their own distinctive classification and are categorized into three groups – namely, 1) Metamorphic rocks, 2) Sedimentary rocks and 3) Igneous rocks. These rocks are formed by natural processes that take place on the Earth. Deep down in the Earth, we can find Magma which is a mixture of molten metal, gasses and rock which occurs in liquid form due to the very high temperature and pressure inside the Earth. Igneous rocks are formed from this Magma which is gradually thrust upward to the Earth’s surface and cools. On cooling, the liquid Magma gets settled in a layered pattern depending on the temperature and pressure involved and this is what is known as crystallization. Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediments in the Earth that gets collected in layers and hardens to form rocks through the process of weathering. Weathering is defined as a natural process of the breaking down of rocks into their constituent minerals which again combine together to give rise to new rocks. The weathering process is triggered by the action of natural forces such as the movement of the Earth, wind and water. According to Clive Gifford (2005) in “Weathering and Erosion”, Chemical Weathering takes place due to the action of acid rains and other organic liquids that impact upon the rocks and bring about deterioration. According to Harvey Blatt, Robert Tracy, Edward Owens (2006) in “Petrology: Igneous, Metamorphic and Sedimentary”, both Igneous and sedimentary rocks get exposed to different weather conditions such as high and low temperatures and pressures and this result in the formation of metamorphic rocks. Each of these rocks has their own unique characteristics which enables us to identify them. For example, Igneous rocks are crystalline in nature and appear shiny. There are also no fossils in Igneous rocks. Sedimentary rocks have well identified layers called stratum and have fossils that are embedded in its layers. According to Harvey Blatt, Robert Tracy, Edward Owens (2006) in “Petrology: Igneous, Metamorphic and Sedimentary”, Metamorphic rocks possess characteristics that depend on their source rocks. However, they have a common characteristic that makes them appear glossy. The authors explain how due to the weathering process rocks of different kinds are formed. Metamorphic rocks go through a complex process before they are formed. Their formation depends on the chemical changes in dead organic matter, and temperature and pressure changes that take place deep down in the Earth. Therefore, Earth Science spans over a very vast area beginning with the study of rocks and their formation. The study of Earth Science is very important because it gives us a very clear understanding of the natural processes that take place in our environment and enables us to minimize human activities that have an adverse impact on them. References Allaby M. (2009), Earth Science: A Scientific History of Solid Earth, Infobase Publishing Blatt H., Tracy R., Owens B., (2006), Petrology: Igneous, Metamorphic and Sedimentary, W. H. Freeman Publishers Gifford C. (2005), Weathering and Erosion, Black Rabbit Books. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Mineral and Rocks Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1421379-mineral-and-rocks
(Mineral and Rocks Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1421379-mineral-and-rocks.
“Mineral and Rocks Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1421379-mineral-and-rocks.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Mineral and Rocks

The mineral sodium chloride/halite

...?Sodium Chloride Image: The mineral Sodium Chloride or Halite is generally referred as Common Salt or Table Salt. The other synonyms used are Martinsite of Karsten, Murate of Sota, Natrikalite, Rock Salt, Saltspar, ICSD 18189, PDF 5-628 and ?-Halite. The name Halite is said to have originated from the Greek words ‘halos’ meaning salt and ‘lithos’ meaning rock. NaCl is the chemical formula of the Halite mineral. The percent chemical composition is 39.34% Sodium and 60.66% Chlorine. The mineral Halite exists in both colorless and colored forms. The various colors of Halite include white, yellow, orange, pink, blue, purple, violet, green and gray. Halite is assigned vitreous luster on the basis of the reflection of light... by its surface. The...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Mineral and Rocks

...is the basis of their classification in different groups. The different silicate groups include Micas, Quartz, Amphibole group, Olivine group and Pyroxene group. Micas and Quartz contain Biotite and Muscovite groups. Moreover Feldspars which make half of the Earth crust are also silicate minerals and are further classified as Potassium Feldspar and Plagioclase. The mineral rocks have been classified into three basic groups on the basis of their origin; these groups are sedimentary rocks, igneous rocks, and metamorphic rocks. Certain natural processes resulted in the formation of these rocks. Magma is a molten material...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Sedimentary Rocks

.... Although there cover of the earth’s crust is extensive (about 75 per cent), sedimentary rocks only constitute about five per cent of the total volume of the crust. The earth’s crust mainly consists of the igneous and metamorphic rocks. Sedimentary rocks are vital sources of the natural resources such as coal and drinking water (Stille and Fichter, 2008). Formation of Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary rocks are usually formed in areas where there is water or water had existed in one particular time. The dead materials of animals, plants, and pieces of rocks or minerals are then transported to these areas (water bodies) by...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Big Rocks

...Big Rocks Big Rocks, balancing life and work, by Dr. Gary Russell is an innovative guide for business employer and employees. It gives a systematic analysis of business situations and how a person can effectively manage their time. All the chapters give a reader an insight on how to manage their time while at work to find enough time after work. It focuses on both the employer and the employee. For the business leaders, the book gives them details about how to handle and direct employees to manage their time well. The book analyses time imbalance issues at the workplace. This ranges from loyalty and commitment among employees, to their relationships at the workplace. It also features on how an employer...
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review

Rocks and Minerals

...Rocks and Minerals Discuss the properties of the sample with respect to Geotechnical Engineering Civil Engineering.Basalt Basalt is an extrusive type of igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase and pyroxene minerals. Primary minerals of basalt are feldspar and hornblende. It is the most common rock in the earth’s crust.It isthe most common volcanic extrusion in oceanic crust around the world. Basalt can be black, dark gray or greenish black. It can be found in crustal extension zones such as mid oceanic ridges, lava flows, hot spot volcanic regions, lunar rocks and Martian volcanic region. Basalt is commonly used for...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Rocks and Minerals in Indiana

...Rocks and Minerals in Indiana Introduction Rocks comprise of mineral grains that are usually mixed with other components presenting dissimilar properties. Conversely, minerals are considered natural chemical compounds and the properties that certain minerals possess arise from atomic arrangements and element components. Indiana is considered wealthy due to abundant mineral repositories and rocks. Rocks and minerals present within the state are regarded as the basis for the wealthy state of the populace. Indiana has different minerals and...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Geology-Rocks

... in texture as well as makeup through a process known as recrystallization. The existing fossilized materials present in the limestone, together with its original carbonate minerals recrystallize leading to the formation of large and coarse calcite grains. Impurities within the limestone during the recrystallization process affect the marble’s mineral composition. The purest marble always has white colorations and is known as calcite marble. Marble with hematite is red in color, that with limonite is yellow and the one containing serpentine is green. Work Cited Rafferty, John. Rocks. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2011. Print.... Task: Geology-Rocks Task1: The content of the basalt is rich in silica and poor in...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Iron Mineral

...Iron and its Effects in Human Bodies Objectives: a) To compare and review two common biochemical laboratory tests for diagnosing iron disorders and assessing iron status, namely, serum ferritin test and transferrin saturation test b) To consider the effect of RDI/AI/DRA on the amount of iron to be taken. c) To determine the importance of iron nutrients in human bodies. Functions of Iron in Human’s Body Acts as an oxygen-carrier in hemoglobin. Maintains healthy skin, hair, cells and nails. Biochemical Tests or Assessment of Iron’s Status in the Body Such tests are recommended since iron is a very important mineral which optimizes the functionality of hemoglobin in our red blood cells a condition called hemochromatosis in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Responding to the Learner in a Differentiated Lesson

...Rocks and Minerals Rocks and Minerals Design and Analysis of Pre-Assessment According to Duckor , an effective pre- assessment tool for Earth Science Grade 4 students should be fair as per their level of understanding. The students will be served by questionnaires so as to assist in efficient and effective grading (Dahlin et al., 2012). Name……………………… Pre- Assessment (4th Grade) 1. Differentiate between a mineral and a rock. 2. Tick the correct answers. Which of the following can slowly change the landforms? a) Tsunami b) Glaciers c) Waves d) Winds 3. Which event can cause a rapid change in landforms? a.) Acid rain b.) Tree...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Borjomi Mineral Water

...Borjomi Mineral Water Executive summary The current paper is exclusive a business plan for exporting the famous mineral water brand “Borjomi” to Switzerland. The paper begins with a brief description of the company and the product “Borjomi”. Subsequently the paper also incorporates analysing the market segment and consumer profile of the targeted nation. The existing industry conditions of Switzerland have also been analysed. In order to develop suitable business strategies, it is also essential to frame adequate distribution channels. The marketing and implementation strategies for Borjomi in Switzerland have also been discussed upon, the paper concludes with a brief financial analysis of the proposed...
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Mineral and Rocks for FREE!

Contact Us