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Liberia - Research Paper Example

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Running head: LIBERIA Liberia Insert Name Insert Insert 8 April 2011 Outline Introduction Literature Review Political system and socializing agents Recommendations References Liberia Introduction The history of Liberia dates back in 1822 when liberated slaves from America settled along the coast of Western Guinea as a result of the philanthropic nature of the United States’ organizations…
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Running head: LIBERIA Liberia Insert Insert Insert 8 April Outline Introduction Literature Review Politicalsystem and socializing agents Recommendations References Liberia Introduction The history of Liberia dates back in 1822 when liberated slaves from America settled along the coast of Western Guinea as a result of the philanthropic nature of the United States’ organizations. The country later declared itself an independent country in 1847 and ever since, it has remained sovereign. The constitution that was adopted for the country was a model that was curved from the United States’ constitution. The True Whig Party attained the presidency position in 1878 and remained controlled of it untill1980. In the 19th century, there were a number of armed conflicts that took place involving the Americo settlers and the native people of Liberia. The ultimate revolt against undertaken by the native people against the settlers was first suppressed in 1930 when Liberia was trying to establish and structure its own modern economy (Europa Publication Limited, 2002, p. 563). Literature Review The history surrounding the Liberia’s political system indicates that the political system was made up of a legislative branch, an executive, and an already existing judicial system. The president was in charge of the executive. The legislative branch of the government was similar to the American system as it was composed of 30 seats of senates and 64 seats of House representatives. The Judicial system incorporated the Supreme Court, the criminal magistrate and appeals courts. The mayor’s were in charge of the key towns throughout the country and lastly the political system in Liberia was composed of the indigenous and local system of chieftaincy government that still had a huge impact to the indigenous people. Initially the Liberian government was dominated by the Americo-Liberians under the presidency of President William Tubman, but things were bound to change after allowing the indigenous people to participate fully in shaping the country’s political destiny (Davies, 2008, p. 628). Political system and socializing agents Access to Liberia’s population was difficult given the fact that majority of its citizens lived in the remote areas of the country. The majority of Liberia’s population was not familiar with the formal education and in addition to this, the social cohesion and integration levels between the existing ethic groups had diminished giving rise to civil unrest and political instability. According to Buseh, on comparison to other regional countries the Liberian government was well equipped with abundant natural resources as well as human capital. However, this did not reflect on Liberia’s economic growth. The reason behind the unsustainable growth of the economy was the government’s failure to establish broad policies that would act as the key to growth and development. Lack of proper commitment to dealing with social justices has been attributed to the weak macro-economic policies. The social exclusion of Liberia’s majority population, poor governance and lack of proper economic opportunities have all led to the down fall of the country’s social decline and long term economic objectives (Buseh, 2008, p. 21 & 22). According to Burrowes, Liberia was a territory that was governed by the Liberian government. This was clearly indicated by the payment of taxes, which were remitted to the national government by the existing socializing institutions such as churches and schools (Burrowes, 2004, p. 19). Recommendations Regional organizations such as ECOWAS have a major role to play in restoring peace and stability in Liberia. Its role is crucial in the sense that it is through their charters that they agreed to offer any assistance and aid to its member states in case of a calamity. In addition to this, the ECOWAS organization had also agreed to any arms threat that is directed to any of its member states would amount to an aggression directed to the entire community of states. This therefore means that it is the responsibility of regional organizations such as ECOWAS to ensure that there is no destabilization of the political system or peace within its member states. This is evident by ECOWAS intervention in August 1990 in order to come up with a resolution for Liberia’s conflict situation. Despite the steps taken by ECOWAS more needs to be done to resolve the conflict issue in Liberia once and for all (Sirleaf, 2010, p. 6). Arms trade restrictions to Liberia should be enhanced and made stricter than in the past in order to prevent the continued destabilization of the nation. Individuals who are apprehended smuggling arms to Liberia should be tried by the international court and if found guilty, face stiffer penalties or jail sentence as in the case of the Dutch businessman, Kouwenhoven (Bassiouni, 2008, p.396). Negotiation between the two conflicting sides should be encouraged as it can resolve the conflicts without loss of lives or any bloodshed. Negotiating for a truce is a form of communicating in a persuasive manner in order for the two conflicting sides to settle on a common ground. Points or areas, which are not of contentions, should be avoided and the focus directed to disputed issues. In other words, a successful negotiation is a formal way of resolving conflicts without bloodshed and litigations (Sirlef, 2010, p. 10). References Bassiouni C. M. (2008). International Criminal Law: International enforcement. MA: Koninklijke Brill NV. Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=CxAEloUlH7MC&pg=PA396&dq=arms+trade+in+liberia&hl=en&ei=krufTeKRNo3TsgbGxOyAAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=arms%20trade%20in%20liberia&f=false Burrowes P. C. (2004). Power and press freedom in Liberia, 1830-1970: the impact of globalization. NY: The Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=FaEs88IpUzEC&pg=PA19&dq=socialization+in+liberia&hl=en&ei=-LOfTZCyK4aJrAeQhZWFAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=socialization%20in%20liberia&f=false Buseh G. A. (2008). Empowering resilience: improving health care delivery in war-impacted African Countries. Maryland: University Press of America, Inc. Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=GY_K8r7uEc0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Buseh&hl=en&ei=4aufTd3INcjFswaWkpyMAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Davies B. C. (2008). Encyclopedia of the African diaspora: origins, experiences and culture, Volume 1. CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc. Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=nkVxNVvex-sC&pg=PA628&dq=liberia+political+system&hl=en&ei=P6OfTcaIC-TQ4wa_pNWeAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFgQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=liberia%20political%20system&f=false Europa Publications Limited. (2002). Africa South of the Sahara 2003. London: Europa Publications. Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=1KBP7QbalX0C&pg=PA564&dq=liberia+politics&hl=en&ei=aJ2fTdTBK4rOrQf03_WEAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEoQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=liberia%20politics&f=false Sirleaf M. A. (2010). African Liberation. IN: Author House. Retrieved April 8, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=lcinO90LwhMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Recommendations+for+liberia+political+improvement&hl=en&ei=y7efTYO7J9HBtAax6rifDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false. Read More
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