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This paper will explore one of the main issues that reside in ethics, that is, whether homosexuality is immoral, and if it ought to be considered as a valid sexual identity. The author of this paper will argue that homosexuality should be accepted as a valid sexual identity because none of the arguments presented against homosexuality are valid. This paper will primarily deal with the nature and harm argument as presented by John Corvino. After of which, the author shall then present her analysis regarding the said issue at hand. For, upon proving that the arguments against homosexuality are by far, invalid, the author have as well shown both the importance of moral reasoning, and more importantly, that there exists no reasonable ground to deem homosexuality as something out rightly immoral. The Nature and Harm Argument At this day and age, homosexuality is inevitably growing in all parts of the globe. And along with this is the growing number of differing opinions about the said matter. This section shall address the associated harm and unnaturalness charge that the opponents of homosexuality advocate. For, it is for this reason that homosexuality is deemed as something immoral. In what follows is an analysis of the so-called nature and harm argument presented by John Corvino, in his defense of homosexuality. “Many who object to homosexuality argue that it is unnatural and therefore immoral” (Vaughn 231). ...
The idea that animals could provide us with a sexual standard is simply amusing. And even if it were possible, it would not prove that homosexuality is immoral 3. The underlying thought here is that all innate desires are good ones and should therefore be acted upon. However, regardless of something being innate or not, it doesn’t follow that one should or should not act upon them. Likewise, determining the origin of the respective feeling or desire will not determine whether it is moral or immoral to act upon them 4. Since people can and do use their sexual organs to procreate, it does not follow that they should not use them for other purposes. And granted that homosexual intercourse utilizes sexual organs for other purposes aside from procreation, it does not follow that their act of fulfilling that purpose is immoral. 5. When some act is disgusting, it does not mean that it is wrong and thus, immoral. Therefore, the charge against homosexuality as something “unnatural” is, according to Corvino, longer on rhetorical flourish than on philosophical cogency. Upon analyzing the flow of the argument from nature, it seems that the underlying thought of the entire argument rests upon a false assumption, i.e. that any act, which is not in accordance to nature is therefore immoral. And despite the fact that there could be no logical connection between the unnaturalness and immorality of any given act, Corvino’s line of defense does not give any justice to the status of homosexuality as that which does not contribute any immoral consequences. In other words, he merely argues against the contention of homosexuality as something unnatural, but does not provide another argument or alternative that shows philosophical cogency. It
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The sexual orientation hence categorizes a person as a heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual or asexual. This paper will further analyze the factors that contribute to the differing sexual orientations that people possess and will further discuss the impact that sexual orientations have on the society.
This may often end up in doing any type of sexual or other activities and result into closeness of the persons belonging to same sex. American Psychological Association defines Sexual Orientation as “Sexual orientation refers to an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, or both sexes.
There is a lot of literature that talks about the homosexuality in the Greeks and the Romans. For example, the Emperor Nero in ancient Rome twice got married to men (Kulkarni, 2011). The Holy Books also discuss some nations that were punished for being homosexual. In the contemporary age, homosexuals are spread all over the world. Several countries have legalized homosexuality.
Homosexuality or the so-called gender switching also made researchers interested on how these abnormality came about. Particularly, they are curious on how did it came about because it is not normal for a person to be attracted to same sex or assume a gender personality that is not different from one’s natural biological gender.
However, the studies and researches of this particular phenomenon started to be held not very long ago due to the fact that in the past such individuals were severely judged. It does not mean that they feel comfortable in the modern society as they are still judged, abused and their orientation is considered to be blameworthy.
The writer thinks that hormones play a major role in mediating normal physiology in the body. Different sexes have different hormonal balance, for example, testosterone is in higher quantities in men whilst estrogen and progesterone are more in women. Genetic defects can result in level of female hormones rising in men.
It is only through modernization that the situation may have been changing in the recent years. In the country, the men of a homosexual relationship are referred to as "tongzhi". There are indications that