Future of Parole in the United States
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... is the “conditional early release from prison or jail, under supervision, after a portion of the sentence has been served.” (Phelps, Gale, Cengage, 2003 Probation and Parole) The first documented use of the word parole, thought to be French, meaning word of honor, comes from Samuel G. Howe, 1847 in Boston. In many states before that it was simply termed a conditional pardon. By 1930 lagging behind England and Ireland the United States formally established a Board of Parole. Parole and also probation in itself is a positivist belief meaning that early believers in the program thought offenders committed offenses through no fault of their own, forced into unfortunate circumstances, and therefore...