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... Interpreting the World: A Study of Philosophy in Candide Voltaire’s Candide is a satiric, often vicious, parody of the deterministic model of the world. Through the philosopher Pangloss and his gullible, unfortunate follower Candide, Voltaire reveals how an optimistic worldview based on nothing but blind faith can serve to misinterpret the world. If Candide was not so foolishly optimistic at the start, he might have avoided getting into as much trouble as he did. Candide, published in 1759, satirises in some ways the Enlightenment ideals of a positivist, determinist conception of the world. Voltaire, through his novel, saves his most vicious attacks for Leibniz and his followers of optimism....