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The Black Hole Concept and Existence - Essay Example

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This work "The Black Hole Concept and Existence" describes the characteristics of the black holes, the ideas about their formation, and evolution. The author takes into account the ways of their detection, the role of the Hawking radiation, three distinct types of the objects namely stellar black holes, supermassive black holes, and the intermediate black holes…
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The Black Hole Concept and Existence
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Download file to see previous pages Albert Einstein was the first to predict the existence of these unique objects in 1916 through his much-celebrated general theory of relativity (Almheiri et al., 2013). Therefore, the term or the black hole concept was John Wheeler’s word, an American Astronomer, in 1967 (Braunstein, Pirandola & Życzkowski, 2013). Thus, the first black hole would later be discovered in the year 1971. 
In a layman’s language, a black hole can be described as the place in the space where there is strong gravitational pull and objects that get into space cannot be regained, even light cannot escape from the region (Almheiri et al., 2013). The strong gravitational pull is because there has been the squeezing of matter into a very tiny space and always occurs when a star is wearing out or dying. Therefore, because even light is unable to get out of the region, it is nearly impossible to see the black holes thus astronomers have considered them to be invisible objects. Nonetheless, scientists use special tools that enable them to see how stars close to the black holes have different characteristics or act differently from other stars. The space images reveal that black holes are actually spherical in shape and are perceived to be spinning thus dragging the space continuum around in motion the same to honey in a spinning spoon (Braunstein, Pirandola & Życzkowski, 2013). The confused regions of the spacetime make it difficult to determine if one is traveling through space or time.
Though there has been a common belief that nothing can escape from the black holes, it is open to contention as Stephen Hawking once suggested that the objects eventually undergo evaporation and die thus releasing particles in form of radiation (Hawking, 2014). In fact, the particles should be measurable but the current telescopes have never recorded any readings when pointed towards the black holes because the regions are void of information. Therefore, one unique feature of the black hole is the absorption of information that makes it difficult to study them and relay any relevant information for discussion (Braunstein, Pirandola & Życzkowski, 2013). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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