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Nature of Accidents and Catastrophes - Article Example

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In this report “Nature of Accidents and Catastrophes” efforts have been applied to focus on various aspects of the disaster, their classification, and their management. This report describes the basic concept of different types of disaster and factors responsible for their existence…
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Nature of Accidents and Catastrophes
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Download file to see previous pages Accidents can be of numerous types depending upon its nature and degree of severity. Whichever activities performed either by human interventions or by an automated system, the entire thing takes place within a system. Whenever there is a failure in the system or any part of the system which is going to affect the outcome in a negative way and also affects the ongoing processes associated with the system, accidents are said to have taken place. Basically, accidents are classified in a broad sense into two categories, physical and non-physical. (Wilcock and Heimann 2008) Accidents can be of numerous types depending upon its nature and degree of severity. Whichever activities performed either by human interventions or by an automated system, the entire thing takes place within a system. Whenever there is a failure in the system or any part of the system which is going to affect the outcome in a negative way and also affects the ongoing processes associated with the system, accidents are said to have taken place. Basically, accidents are classified in a broad sense into two categories, physical and non-physical. (Wilcock and Heimann 2008) Physical – this is the type of accident which affects any organism or any entity in physical terms. This results into physical loss of the victim. Non-physical – this is the type of accident which influences the non-physical aspect of an entity. The loss encountered due to this type of accidents is not visible since they do not affect the physical aspect of the entity. Other associated factors are included in these two categories. To have detailed knowledge of accidents the related terminologies also have to be understood. These terminologies are associated with accidents and are used to describe various forms of accidents. They contribute to the happening of an accident. These terminologies can be identified as - Hazards –  “Hazard refers to an extreme natural event that poses risks to human settlements.”   (Deyle et al. 1998, p 121). Hazards are the ability of a creature or individual or activity to cause harm. This remains present within the substance or the activity and possesses the potential to cause harm. Everything present in the environment has certain inherent features which makes them capable of harming so it can be considered a hazard. Though certain hazardous substances are used for a good cause. Some substances are hazardous in one way and some can be of hazardous nature in more than one way. Risk – the risk is the probability of occurrence of an incident which causes harm. This can vary with the degree of severity of the hazard. Association of the risk factor to an incident does not mean its occurrence but it shows the chances of occurrence of the incident. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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