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Climate change reflection (2 pages) - Assignment Example

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Climate change policies should therefore be implemented to be effective. This can be done in three ways. First, authorities from different countries should ask individuals…
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CLIMATE CHANGE al Affiliation) Today’s world depends on technology and nearly all aspects of economic activities affectgreenhouse gas. Climate change policies should therefore be implemented to be effective. This can be done in three ways. First, authorities from different countries should ask individuals and businesses to change their behavior in regards to the choice of technology and emissions. Secondly, they should ensure that businesses operate and deal with long goods and low emitting goods and services. Thirdly, they should externality price the green house gas to promote cost effective abatement and reduce the problems that most governments have as well as provide innovative incentives.
The technologies available to reduce carbon emissions include the use of carbon capture technology that is well known from their use in oil recovery. Here, carbon dioxide is separated from other gases that exist in a power plant. Alternatively, it may be captured in its early stage before the energy is generated. This is also referred to as pre-combustion. Pre-combustion share technologies with solid fuels like coal and coke. In addition, the technologies use to remove impurities from syngas is the same as the technology used to remove carbon dioxide from a mixture of carbon dioxide and water. Moreover, the use of nuclear power to reduce carbon is another technology to be used. This is because it displaces electricity from coal as well as replaces electricity from natural gas (Oosterhuis, 2014).
Some of the policies that can be used to regulate carbon include the use of cap-and-trade system whereby the system constraints the emissions of regulated sources by coming up with a limited of emission allowances. In addition, most prefer surrendering an allowance to cover up the emission. This is because it reflects the cost of the emission reduction. Moreover, in countries that are developing, it is the role of the policy makers to decide on the allowances to issue as well as the sources covered by the cap. Additionally, an emission-reduction-credit reduces the production of carbon by awarding tradable credits for certified reductions. The use of the clean energy standards is also vital as it establishes a technology-oriented goal that is implemented cost effectively. Lastly eliminating fossil fuel subsidies helps in getting the carbon price right to deliver incentives for efficiency (Jennings, 2007).
The role of various countries in the reduction of carbon is by the use of strategic mechanisms for example, the use of clean development mechanism to control these emissions as well as provide finances for sustainable development. Some of the developed countries have imposed carbon taxes to limit the gases from greenhouses. Another role is to come up with policies that help reduce carbon intensity of the greenhouse gas emissions.
China is an active participant of clean development mechanism that gives credit developing countries that assist in reducing carbon. It also has rules that help protect China’s resources. In addition, it has also implemented policies that address the increasing emissions especially from the industries. Lastly, China promotes the energy efficient as well as renewable energy has become an important part in China (Mobley, 2010).
References
Jennings, Z. (2007). FutureGen Pathway to Near-Zero Emissions and Sustainable Energy.
Pittsburgh, Pa., Morgantown, W. Va.: National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S.) ;.
Mobley, S. (2010). Eliminating Electricity Deficit through Energy Efficiency in India and China
an Evaluation of Aggregate Economic and Carbon Benefits. Berkeley, Calif.: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Environmental Energy Technologies Division ;.
Oosterhuis, F. (2014). Paying the polluter: Environmentally harmful subsidies and their reform.
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
The Basics. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://www.c2es.org/science-impacts/basics
The Basics. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://www.c2es.org/science-
impacts/basics#faq
The East is grey. (2013, August 10). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from
http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21583245-china-worlds-worst-polluter-largest-investor-green-energy-its-rise-will-have
The core issues in the Paris climate talks. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from
http://www.c2es.org/blog/diringere/core-issues-paris-climate-talks Read More
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