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An arguement for the use of Natural Gas as a replacement for Fossil Fuels - Essay Example

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Natural Gas Should Replace Fossil Fuels Name Subject Teacher Date               Natural Gas Should Replace Fossil Fuels Natural gas often called the “first-cousin to crude oil” is a “combustible, gaseous fossil fuel found in underground reservoirs and comprised of methane and other hydrocarbon compounds” (Krauss, 2012)…
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An arguement for the use of Natural Gas as a replacement for Fossil Fuels
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Download file to see previous pages One of the reasons why natural gas should replace fossil fuels is that the former is relatively cheaper. In fact, according to a report by OilPrice.com, the cost of oil today is over $14 to get a million BTU [or British Thermal Unit]…but only $2.30 if you were willing to use natural gas as an alternative” (Hamilton, 2012). That means savings of $11.70 per million BTU, which translates to an astronomical value in reality. Although petroleum once had the same cost as crude oil, from 1997 to 2007, the trend has now changed in favor of the former (Hamilton, 2012). The cheap cost of natural gas is attributed to the fact that America produces “three billion more cubic feet [or 85M cubic meters] of natural gas a day out of the ground than it can consume” (“Natural Gas Difference Engine,” 2012). Moreover, when compared to coal, it would cost 12 cents or more per kilowatt-hour to produce electricity from dirty coal compared to 6 cents only from clean natural gas (“Natural Gas Difference Engine,” 2012). ...
Without responsible stewardship, one would not seek ways to use the most efficient means of producing electricity and just be content with what is expensive. Another reason why natural gas should replace fossil fuels is that the former is cleaner compared to the latter. According to a report in the New York Times concerning energy sources, natural gas has become more popular as a major international commodity because “it burns cleaner than oil and coal and produces less greenhouse gases” (Krauss, 2012). These greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide, unburned hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides. Moreover, natural gas does not leave any carbon deposits in the engine, thus reducing the natural wear of the engine and so there are fewer oil changes (“Natural Gas Difference Engine,” 2012). Natural gas is actually only methane, or CH4, which is merely a one-carbon compound with four hydrocarbons, thus it is relatively less harmful than chemicals with long carbon chains. Besides, the use of natural gas would hypothetically reduce “sulfur dioxide emissions by 55% and mercury emissions by 30% and greenhouse gas emissions by 15%” because natural gas emits virtually no sulfur dioxide and mercury, and only 22% less greenhouse gases compared to diesel (“Environmental Benefits,” 2012). In fact, natural gas is 28% cleaner than petroleum and 40%-100% cleaner than coal (Stevens, 2012). Another reason for the proposal that the United States should replace fossil fuels with natural gas is the added benefit of boosting the country’s economy especially if the United States sells natural gas to other countries. Several energy companies in the country announced the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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