Nobody downloaded yet

The individual and the State - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
If the 20th century taught us anything, it is that the centuries old tension between freedom and control, between liberty and authoritarianism, between the individual and the state, has yet to be resolved, and may never be. If the last one hundred years demonstrated the severity of the catastrophe that such a tension might produce (in the form of Soviet authoritarianism, the Gulag, the Nazi Holocaust, and even U.S…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
The individual and the State
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The individual and the State"

Download file to see previous pages These configurations alternate between those put forward by two of the founding figures of Western political thought—Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau—who each offer different understandings of the relation between freedom and equality. No version is decisive, due in part to the problems with each account. With both Hobbes and Rousseau, we cannot understand their thoughts on freedom and equality without first recalling their different takes on the reality of lived experience, what Hobbes calls the state of nature. In Leviathan, Hobbes outlines a state of nature in which war and conflict are the natural way of things. Human beings, fundamentally insecure in their person, able to kill and be killed, cannot gain a sense of safety in the state of nature. Instead, the risks always remains that some individual, or group of individuals, will plot and carry out one's demise. Because of the intrinsic scarcity and uneven distribution of goods, people tend to use their capacity to kill each other to suit their own needs, as nature demands. As such the state of nature far too often induces a state of war, wherein the life of man is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” (Hobbes). ...
ality and freedom is essentially negative, which is to say that it is when man is most equal that he is most in danger, and thus constantly beset by impediments that impinge upon his freedom. In the state of nature, all are equally able to kill or be killed, to steal or to be stolen from, but such a situation is untenable, and reason demands that it be redressed and the situation improved. Some might contend that this state thus produces ultimate freedom, but Hobbes seems to think otherwise, since the risk of death and even the threat of danger impede one's ability to pursue their own objectives. It is for this reason that social compacts are produced, and common-wealths agreed to, even though they limit one's freedom. In Hobbes' thinking, freedom “signifieth (properly) the absence of Opposition” and a “Free-Man, is he, that in those things, which by his strength and wit he is able to do, is not hindered to do what he has a will to” (Hobbes). At the same time, the state that comes in to rectify these problems and produce a civil society does not actually generate new, more robust liberties. Instead, Hobbes argues that with the inequality of the state comes new forms of “oppositions.” He writes: “But as men, for the atteyning of peace, and conservation of themselves thereby, have made an Artificall Man, which we call a Common-wealth; so also have they made Artificiall Chains, called Civill Lawes, which they themselves, by mutuall covenants, have fastened at one end, to the lips if that Man, or Assembly, to whom they have given the Soveraigne Power...” (Hobbes). In a civil society, in a common-wealth, some are better off than others, and the society is thus less equal; the role of the state, if it is a just state, is to ensure those negative freedoms ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The individual and the State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Individual and the State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“The Individual and the State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The individual and the State

The State and the Individual

...? The and the Individual (14.03.12) In the continuing debate over the rights of majorities and minorities and the power of the and power of the individual, there are several issues at stake. This paper examines the right of the individual and the power of the state as it relates to health care policy and then discusses the views of Machiavelli and Locke on how the two philosophers perceived the power of the majority, minority, the state, and the individual and how such concepts are applicable to the issue of healthcare. The fundamental issue relative to healthcare policy is whether healthcare is a legal or constitutional right. In this context it is important to examine legal and constitutional rights regarding health care as also... the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Individual organizational analysis with State Farm

...? Individual organizational analysis with Farm Individual organizational analysis with Farm Industry analysisState Farm is a major player in the United States insurance industry having established in 1922 by George Mecherle as a pioneer automobile insurance company owned by a group of policyholders. The motivation for establishing this firm arose from the problems that farmers in the country were encountering. Throughout the years, the company expanded its range of insurance services from automobile insurance to banking and other financial services. By 2012, State Farm had over 15 subsidiary companies operating in different areas of the industry including life insurance, accident insurance, mutual funds, general insurance, home... of life...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Individual income tax. USA Indiana state laws

...? Individual Income Tax "USA Indiana Laws Summary of Facts The case in this memo is of a taxpayer who is employed as a consultant by UR Needy LLC. She does not have an office to work in because the employer does not provide for the office. She has set a section of her home, one-half of one of her rooms, which therefore is exclusively for her to work. The taxpayer has installed a swimming pool in her rural home in Indiana. Following a recent car accident, the doctor recommended that she use the pool to aid n the process of healing by strengthening her muscles. The taxpayer participates in racecar driving on mini circuit. The car is hers and she is her own mechanic. She lost money during the first two competition years....
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

The Individual and the State

...The Individual and the a)According to Rousseau's political philosophy, can civil disobedience be a legitimate of action Do you agree with views on this issue Within The Social Contract Rousseau suggested that the "natural" state of man was to be found within nature, which has no laws or society. But as society developed, with private property etc. it was inevitable that men would come into greater conflict with on another. Individuals would abandon their claim to a natural right to as they wish to the general will of the people. This general will is generally found within the laws of a country. The people give up their natural right because the terms of the social contract mean that...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Individual academic and practical 'state-of-the-art' report

...Individual academic and practical of-the-art' report The topic of entrepreneurship as individual occupation has become very popular. Many scholars at present view this issue and occupation not only in the context of managing one's own business, but displaying entrepreneurial qualities within certain enterprise not being its owner (the so-called intrapreneurship). The aim of this work is to look at entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship from more scientific and managerial viewpoint, to see their roles in the modern small and medium enterprises, the role of innovation and its critical evaluation for the entrepreneurship, as well as strategies and resources necessary for managing an enterprise and the...
22 Pages(5500 words)Essay

The Quest for Justice: THe individual v. State Authority

...of Christ is not meant to fuel human’s lawlessness but to foster the ideals of justice by giving the individual the freedom to express his views. Being free is a neutral state neither is it purely good or purely bad. It simply means we have a choice and the exercise of that choice is what makes the difference. In the temptation of Jesus4, Christ gave us a lesson of the proper exercise of freedom. When freedom is exercised responsibly, dissent and discord will not necessarily mean lawlessness. Bibliography 1. Mikhailovich Dotoevsky. The Grand Inquisitor 2. The Holy Bible 3. Slattery, Dennis Patrick. (2005) The legend of the Grand Inquisitor: A Poetic View of Freedom and Mass Conformity...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Critically assess the implications of Social Contrant Theory (SCT) for relations between the individual and state

...THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY AND THE RELATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL AND THE Introduction The Social Contract Theory is the view that an individual’s moral and/or political obligations are dependent on the contract or agreement between them in forming society (The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy). It is rightly associated with modern moral and political theory, which Thomas Hobbes gave a full exposition of. After Hobbes, the best-known proponents of this dominant theory within moral and political constructs are John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The social contract theory is often used in understanding and analyzing the conduct of government and state in the current times, and provides a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

How did the physicians and the literate lay people in the 18th century explain disease and what did they think were the roles of doctor, the individual, and the state in responding to and preventing it

...Question: How did the physicians and the literate lay people in the 18th century explain disease and what did they think were the roles of doctor, the individual, and the state in responding to and preventing it? Answer: Eighteenth century was a time when many changes regarding medical practice were observed. It was a period when new reforms and knowledge was added to the field of medicine. The concept of the term disease itself changed and got a new meaning. The duties of the doctor and the relationship between a doctor and a physician underwent many changes. The state had not been involved previously in the maintenance of health and health related issues but many writings and works led to the initiation of the intervention... in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Compare the implications of negative and positive freedom for the relationship between the individual and the state

...The Implications of ‘Negative Freedom’ and ‘Positive Freedom’ in the Relationship Between the Individual and the State The implications of either positive or negative freedom may be more appropriately understood in the light of a number of definitions and associated philosophies that apparently draw clearer distinctions between the two concepts. Even the proposition to initiate with providing clarity to the basic meaning of freedom prior to contextualizing it might as well help especially for the sake of those new in understanding this field of thought. Freedom, or one which has often been referred to as or used interchangeably with liberty, is that which constitutes a state of being...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

How did the relationship between individual and state change over the course of the twentieth century

... History The Relationship between Individual and over the of the Twentieth Century The rift between the individual and the state before 1787 was well depicted in France. The feudal system had been present in Europe since the 8th century and was characterized by vassals being protected by Lords whom they had to serve in war. Due to various factors, the peasants lost faith in the feudal system and stopped supporting it. These factors included increase in taxes, a growing middle class that was excluded from political power and the wide acceptance of philosophies by reformists. After 1789, there were bids to improve the relationship between the leadership and the subjects such as the proclamation of liberty, equality and fraternity... of the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The individual and the State for FREE!

Contact Us