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Dialogues of Plato: Apology, Crito, Phaedo - Assignment Example

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In the paper “Dialogues of Plato: Apology, Crito, Phaedo” the author will make an attempt to see the connection between the works of Plato, Marx, and Lenin as they try to look into the specialization of an individual as he/she survives in a state trekking the milieu of lean production in globalization…
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Dialogues of Plato: Apology, Crito, Phaedo
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Download file to see previous pages Plato’s The Republic is one of the greatest ancient texts that touched on the relation between the individual and the state. Plato’s presentation in the Republic shows us that human beings come together and create a community because they recognized that on their own it will be very difficult to satisfy their needs. This is for the reason that human beings are basically self- insufficient. We may be good at one thing but not on other things as Plato himself claimed “A state, I said arises, as I conceive out of the needs of mankind; no one is self-sufficing, but all of us have many wants…” (241) Thus, the state is created. But under Plato’s state, he further stipulated that if we really desire for our needs to be satisfied, each member of the “original state” should be doing only the work that naturally suits him/her. He should not be doing any other job as he/she tries to perform his/her function within the state for “…we are not all alike; there are diversities of natures among us which are adapted to different occupations…so we must infer that all things are produced more plentifully and easily and of a better quality when one man does one thing which is natural to him and does it at the right time and leaves other things.” (242-243) and this concept is known as “specialization”. As such, it can be impugned that for Plato the recognition of an individual’s self insufficiency in the satisfaction of his/her needs becomes the primordial factor that will move a person to join and be together with other individuals to form a state. And the moment that they have come together they will just, without question, perform the task that is naturally suited for them for the good of the state which they have created. Third, the State has nothing to do with the individual. In fact, it has become the apparatus of the capitalists as it implements its agenda for more profit since a “modern state, no matter what its form, is essentially a capitalist machine, the state of the capitalists, the ideal personification of the total personification of the total national capital….the more citizens do it exploit.”  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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