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Modern architecture works to reduce the embellishments and decorations of earlier trends to a minimum, to reduce the form of the structure to a minimum, to reduce external influences on the designs, or perhaps to accomplish a combination of all of these. A better understanding of what might be meant by the term modern architecture can be found through an examination of the artistic movements that occurred in the mid-1900s that applied to architecture. Modernism was “the name given to the new forms that appeared in all of the arts – in paintings, sculpture, architecture, music and literature” (Pile 323). Malcolmson describes it as a reflection of the search for “a better place for all citizens at all social levels after the appalling carnage of the Great War” (410). Modernism in Gold’s view was “developed in the background of war, revolution and social dislocation” (21). It was the search for a utopia which combined the artistic and aesthetic movements important to the common man while providing curved, comforting spaces for the traumatized citizens of the post-war age. According to Barr (1954), modernist architects had followed the trails of Art Noveau which depended on curvilinear and organic forms. Modernism emerged in art and architecture as the composition of forms started to articulate into asymmetry, grouped shapes, and flat colors. The common themes of modern architecture include the master plan which was a layout of structures in geometric harmony with the boundaries of different zones of land use within its surroundings. The interiors were characterized by the lifestyle of the owners and depiction of every day activity (Gold 1998). Early modernist architects looked to their past for inspiration and trends, while later ones developed original and radical ideas of form. The Bauhaus designers were driving contributors to the art of employing straight lines and the inventive use of materials in household items, but the four drivers of the modern architectural movement were Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, and Frank Lloyd Wright (Barr 220). The designs of these men have been held as the epitome of logic, clarity of structure, use of space as fluid planes, and surfaces as fine materials. Mies van der Rohe’s grand but mystical skyscraper designs and Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye denoted the age of the citizenry. Among these men, Le Corbusier was perhaps the most influential for later development of the modern age. He is largely considered the pioneer of modernism. He was also a pioneering urban planner whose vision encompassed the building of high rise structures in open spaces developed for individuals. His logic was based on humanitarian logic, and revolved around equality, fundamental needs regardless of cultural background and the right to comfortable and accessible dwellings. Le Corbusier based his architecture and design philosophy on collective and family life (Le Corbusier Le Grand 2008). He developed three layers of needs to address man’s need for dwellings. First is the pure physical need for living space. To satisfy this aspect, Le Corbusier felt the building needed to consider the need for sun, space and vegetation within living spaces as the logic for construction. The second level of need was psychosomatic
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There are also alterations in the cultural and social applications and how this is reflected in the building of the city. When looking at the various elements of the city, it can be seen that the expressions are reflective of the experiences that are held within a given area.
Postmodernism is referred to as post because it defies and negates the theory that there exists a set of important values and it needs and requires the theory and believes in the theory of a reality that overrides everything whether spiritual and it's in a methodical and systematic way.
Postmodern period saw the elite becoming the majority in decisions i.e. things were beginning to take a new dimension in the way they wee being handled. The scholars no longer regarded the issue of mass involvement as method of solving a problem but it considered it a means that individuals are not allowed to show their contributions.
However, this article focuses on others (such a doctors and nurses, particularly family nurses who can play a big role in alleviating the patient's suffering. The reason they play a big role is because the person with the illness, or the patient, has close ties to the nurse (medical practitioner) as he or she depends on the nurse for medical care on a regular basis.
Many other cultures tolerate or encourage polygamy. There have been major changes in patterns of family life in the United States during the postwar period: a high percentage of women are in the paid labor force, rates of divorce are rising, and substantial numbers of children live either in single-parent households or with stepfamilies.
Classical designs have grown contradictory with the swift evolution and hi-tech way of living of their modern world. As a result of this, many new proposals existed. The two recognized proposals were modernism and postmodernism.
In modern architecture, the structures and its principles were merely trends of the late 19th and the 20th centuries.
The aim of the study is the analysis of modern and postmodern ideas. The modernists, such as Picasso, focused on the emotions themselves with little or no reference to the symbols or issues of the times. The postmodernists, such as Marshall, make these symbols and issues key elements of their work, illustrating the emotions these cause.
Comparing the two eras it can be said that modernism was focused on the reinvention of the language of any media including painting, music, literature, and so on whereas postmodernism concentrated on recycling the language of those media.
The traditional forms of advertising for Burger King therefore cover the point of inception  up to the late1990s. The determination of 1990s up to the present as the modern age of advertising is underpinned and informed by the advent of the use of the World
The differences are witnessed mainly for the impact on the lifestyle of the people owing to the change in culture. Identifiably in the recent era, there has been a commercialisation of culture. This new trend is observed to be
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