Crises and conflict (Fight against HIV/AIDS) - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Introduction HIV refers to Human immunodeficiency virus while AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV causes AIDS which is a medical condition where a person’s immune system is too weak to fight off infections. HIV virus is transmitted from person to person through the exchange of body fluids such as blood, semen, breast milk and vaginal secretions…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Crises and conflict (Fight against HIV/AIDS)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Crises and conflict (Fight against HIV/AIDS)"

Download file to see previous pages It is at the point of very advanced HIV infection that a person is said to have AIDS. Patients with HIV/AIDS have over the years experienced stigmatization and discrimination due to their condition. In many health conditions stigma is receiving increasing attention. According to Goffman (1990) stigma is an undesirable or discrediting attribute, reducing an individual’s status in the eyes of society. Aggleton et al. (2006) argue that stigma must be regarded as a social process in which people out of fear of the disease want to maintain social control by contrasting those who are normal with those who are different. Stigma and discrimination produce thus social inequality. Stigma exists when elements of labelling, stereotyping, separation, status loss, and discrimination occur together in a power situation that allows them (Link & Phelan 2001, p.377). AIDS related stigma and discrimination refers to prejudice, negative attitudes, abuse and maltreatment directed at people living with HIV and AIDS. They can result in being shunned by family, peers and the wider community; poor treatment in healthcare and education settings; an erosion of rights and psychological damage. This can negatively affect the success of testing and treatment. AIDS stigma and discrimination exist worldwide, although they manifest themselves differently across countries, communities, religious groups and individuals. They occur alongside other forms of stigma and discrimination, such as racism, homophobia or misogyny and can be directed towards those involved in what are considered socially unacceptable activities such as prostitution or drug use. Types of Stigma There are various types of HIV/Aids related stigma and discrimination and this include the government, family, community, employment, health care, and restrictions on travel and stay. under the government a country’s laws, rules and policies regarding HIV can have a significant effect on the lives of people living with the virus. Discriminatory practices can alienate and ostracise people living with HIV, reinforcing the stigma surrounding the disease. In 2010, UNAIDS reported that 71% of countries now have some form of legislation in place to protect people living with HIV from discrimination. There are many ways that governments can actively discriminate against people or communities with (or suspected of having) HIV/AIDS. Many of these laws have been justified on the grounds that the disease poses a public health risk. For instance in Uganda President Museveni supports the national policy of dismissing or not promoting members of the armed forces who test HIV position. Many countries also have laws that restrict the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV. Foreigners with HIV positive status can be deported due to their status, while students living with HIV are barred from applying to study in certain countries Deportation of people living with HIV has potentially life threatening consequences if they have been taking antiretroviral drugs and are deported to a country that has limited treatment provision, as this could lead to drug resistance and death. Alternatively, people living with HIV may face deportation to a country where they would be subject to even further discrimination. In healthcare ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Crises and conflict (Fight against HIV/AIDS) Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Crises and Conflict (Fight Against HIV/AIDS) Essay)
“Crises and Conflict (Fight Against HIV/AIDS) Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Crises and conflict (Fight against HIV/AIDS)


...?The disease of AIDS and HIV is one which continues to be problematic within various s and which is defined as detrimental at the federal level.The public health topic is one which continues to be addressed at federal, state and local levels, all which carry responsibilities and activities for those who are suffering from AIDS. The issue which is linked to the disease is one which continues to be defined by the global issue as well as the needs which are a part of each community. Each of the programs which have been developed is specific to the need to assist in stopping the disease while helping those who are suffering from HIV or AIDS. At a federal...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Topic: Aids/HIV

...Module Infectious Disease HIV/AIDS The Human Immunodeficiency Virus was determined in the year 1985. This virus is spread from one individual to the next through various ways. For instance, bodily fluids can transmit the disease. This could be fluids like blood or semen. These fluids transmit the virus, since it moves from the infected individual to uninfected person. HIV/AIDS is usually spread through sexual intercourse. Other forms of transmission include sharing of needles, especially when using them for street drugs, mother to fetus transmission, and even kissing (Johanson 236). This makes the disease quite dangerous such that it does not see color, gender, economic...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...virus, while AIDs is Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; the two diseases are related and known to destroy part of the immune system, specifically the white blood cell (T lymphocyte), cells that are concerned in fighting diseases and germs in the body ( “HIV hurts” 2013, para. 1). Through the diseases, many in the global population have been infected and definitely affected as many die leaving orphans and their loved ones unexpectedly. According to emedicinehealth, “approximately 40 million people are living with HIV infections, and estimated 25 million have died from this disease” (2013, para. 1). They are diseases that spread like a plaque and are known to have no...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper


...HIV/AIDS In 1981, gay men in San Francisco and New York began dying from diseases which were normally relatively rare, such as a cancer called Kaposi's sarcoma, and a lung disease called Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Reports published by the Centers for Disease control about the occurrence of these diseases in gay men marked the new awareness of AIDS in America. Later in 1981 the first case of AIDS was noted in the UK, and in subsequent years, cases were noted in Haiti, Africa, and Europe, indicating that the disease was a world-wide phenomenon. When cases began turning up in women and children it could no longer be called a "gay disease" (AVERT, 2006) and it was...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...that the SIV found in sooty mangabeys (a kind of monkey in West Africa) is virtually identical to HIV-2 in humans in West Africa. There is also some speculation that the virus found in wild chimpanzees in central Africa may be closely related to HIV-1. The question of the origin of AIDS has been a very sensitive one. Some maintain that even suggesting that it originated in Africa is racist. They point to the discrimination that has occurred against Africans and Haitians, who were stigmatized as the source of HIV and blamed for its spread. Indeed, much of the early speculation in the popular press about the origin of AIDS in Africa and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay


...HIV/AIDS Introduction “Most people living with HIV/AIDS are in the economically productive age-group supporting children and elderly relativesand most will receive minimal care when they finally develop the AIDS-related illness. From many aspects, the global HIV/AIDS epidemic is an enormous tragedy for humankind.” (Morison, 2001: pp.7-8) Immunodeficiency is a condition that leaves human beings susceptible to infection by the natural defect of the immune system or by viral infections like AIDS (Leksmono, 2008). Since the 1980s, the human immune system has been facing an unprecedented...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...A general introduction to HIV/AIDS. The definition of HIV/AIDS, its incidence over the world mainly in the UK and USA. Its method of transmission, symptoms, prevention. From its first beginnings in the early 1980’s, through to the explosion of the epidemic in the USA, the UK and subsequently throughout the world, AIDS has become one of the defining features of modern medicine. While more people are infected now than at any other time in the past AIDS has moved form being a proverbial death sentence to being, in some senses at least, a manageable disease, for at least a few years.. Presently it is the cost of treatment that is one of the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


.... Moreover, other instruments were also used to determine the eligibility for the program. Table 1 describes them: Table 1. Core Assessment Instruments Included in the HIV Integrated Treatments Study. At each of the 8 sites of the HIV Cost Study the outcomes of the new integrated intervention were compared against those of the traditional methods, and most of the study participants were assigned randomly to either of the two groups. The integrated HIV services included having 1. Co-located HIV/AIDS, mental health and substance abuse medical care, that is to say placing these three services in the same location, and 2. Interagency...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

HIV/AIDS disease

...of America respectively. It is regarded as the fatal disease that can destroy the immune system of human body. The immunodeficiency virus is much more dangerous as it is so small that it cannot be visible through microscope. The Human Immuno Deficiency virus can remain in dead body for years without showing any symptoms of being visible. The last of stage of disease to be infected is AIDS as it requires almost 10 years span of time to get infected and finally reaching the development of the AIDS disease. AIDS disease infected many people around the, but most unfortunate news is that it is still incurable. HIV targets cellular immune system of human body. The disease...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper


... in rural Africa unabated owing to the lack of appropriate resources. Understanding the spread of the disease in Africa is essential in containing it. From the above articles, it becomes evident that we must change tact and fight such social issues as poverty and lack of education in the continent in order to succeed in the fight against HIV.AIDS. References Food and Agriculture Organization. (2013). HIV/AIDS: a rural issue. Lewis, K. (13 December, 2013). HIV/AIDS Epidemic Still Ravaging African Countries. New York: VOA. msf-arts-treatment-access-film-series/1809629.html... HIV/AIDS I select two...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Crises and conflict (Fight against HIV/AIDS) for FREE!

Contact Us