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Applied Linguistics - Literature review Example

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This literature review "Applied Linguistics" discusses systemic functional grammar with specific reference to transitivity, modality and appraisal. The systemic functional grammar is one of the forms of grammatical description and is a form of a social semiotic approach to systematic functional linguistics. …
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Applied Linguistics
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Download file to see previous pages According to Halliday (1985) language is just but a system of meanings, often accompanied by forms through which the realization of meanings can be achieved. There are various contexts that are associated with language. It can be interpreted as a case of sentences and words that carry different contextual meanings. Systemic Grammar can be broken down into three key areas. These are transitivity, appraisal and modality. In this respect, modality entails analyzing a clause using many syntactic functions. Transitivity, on the other hand, is used to refer to a range of processes alongside the participants who get involved in such processes. This way, persons express themselves through language (Fawcett, 2013). According to Fawcett, it is through the transitivity structures that clauses realizing different experiential meanings within a text are realized. Arguably, transitivity consists of many types of processes including the material, mental, verbal and relational. Taking the example of the first text, in the story ‘Grinch who stole Christmas hope,’ it is reported by the author that the economy of Britain is forecast to shrink this year.” In the analysis of the text, it is noted that the subject in this case is the economy of Britain, also seen as the participant who is involved with the process. ‘Shrink’ in this context is the process with this year as the circumstance given that it provides details as to when the event shall eventually take place. Taking into consideration the fact that the action of the economy being physical the process becomes material. This implies that the total money or financial value is decreasing, thus, leading to a shrink in the economy. This clearly points out to the fact that Transitivity lets the reader know “who is doing what to whom,” and here the intended audience sees that the ‘economy of Britain’ is getting ‘shrunk’ by the ‘bankruptcy’ and ‘debt mountain’ mentioned in the earlier sentences. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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