It would be of great importance to note from the onset that animal testing does not necessarily mean that the animal has to be killed. Some forms of animal testing only involve the observation of animal…
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The pure research has only the elements of genetics, behavioral and developmental biology. On the other hand, applied research majorly involves biomedical and drug testing (Conn et al, 2008).
Over the years, the non-human animals of different species have been used by researchers in laboratories to establish the root causes of various human health complications and diseases. The testing has also been instrumental in scientific education, especially when illustrating some biological processes such as respiration. As more and new human diseases continue to emerge, pharmaceutical firms have continued to manufacture new drugs that are appropriate for the treatment of such diseases. The new drugs, therefore, must pass a test before they are declared safe for human health; the animal testing. Animal testing, therefore, has been very helpful in determining the effectiveness and safety of any medicine that is intended for treating of human diseases. Some large research institutes and pharmaceutical firms purposefully breed the non-human animals for the sake of the animal testing whiles others prefer capturing the animals from the wild. The commonly used animals during testing include rats, mice, rabbit, fish, monkeys, cats, dogs and birds.
Animal testing has, for many years, led to the discovery of many medical treatment of various diseases; both in human and in other animals. Those who are for the testing say that animal testing is such a big remedy for health complications, and thus, should not face many stringent laws from the government. However, there are those who are against the popular animal testing. These oppose claim that the animals, though living in the wild, have rights too. These two categories of advocators have put the scientific world on a heated debate that does not seem to come to an end soon.
In the 20th Century, the science of animal testing led to the many amazing discovery of medical treatments and advances that aided the treatment
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The debate over the ethics of the practices and its practical benefits has raged on for close to three decades now (Speth), with neither opponents nor proponents willing, or able, to understand the opposing viewpoint and position. Proponents of the use of animals for drug and chemical testing have consistently and persistently maintained that medical and pharmaceutical research cannot proceed were live specimens, as in lab animals, removed from the equation. This camp has further maintained that the practice has led to the development of countless of drugs which, in turn, have been responsible for the saving of millions of human lives (Jones).
This essay discusses the rights of animals in the modern times. Sadly enough even in the twenty first century, we as humans are not averse to the idea of using live animals for medical research, genetic experimentation, and hunting. As if making concrete jungles upon their natural habitats was not enough we have locked them in zoo's ,made them extinct for their furs and teeth and exploited them for food.The issues regarding animal rights are just one aspect of respect for all the living organisms of Mother Earth.
Most of the animals are small ones like rodents - rats, mice, hamsters and gerbils. Some dogs, cats and a variety of goats, monkeys and rabbits have also been used. The animal rights issue is an emotional one. For decades the value of animal research has been grossly overrated. Although researchers claim that they depend on animal test data to achieve medical advances, we should demand other means of research and there should be laws assuring a minimum level of animal protection because testing on animals is cruel, inhumane, and often unnecessary.
The controversy on animal testing began with the comment of Edmund O’Meara, a physiologist, who stated that “the miserable torture of vivisection places the body in an unnatural state” (qtd in The history of animal testing).
O’Meara and others who were
From the documentary, I learnt that before drugs are tested on humans, they have to be tested on animals. This whole situation got me thinking whether or not animals should really be subjected to tests that may lead to their
In this milieu, experiments and innovation have become important to ensure effective interventions in healthcare settings. However, similar to every other research or invention project, healthcare experiments also bear a degree of ethical responsibilities, wherein
According to the paper despite the fact that animals should not be subjected to painful and potentially lethal experiments for the sake helping develop cures and medical procedures that would save human life, their relevance in this aspect cannot be overemphasized. Nevertheless, while life is treated as precious, both for animals and humans, it is evident that none should be denied the right to live a life free of pain and suffering.
Animal testing includes such simple activities as observing mice run in a maze to other extensive experiments that include injecting the animals or even dissecting them. While the results of animal testing are always profitable to
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