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and Social Council (ECOSOC), the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Secretariat, and the International Court of Justice (Banerjee and Sharma 2007 p.35).
The UN fulfils its role of peace keeping by sending its troops to keep peace in areas of antagonism. ECOSOC is responsible for ensuring social and economic development among UN’s member states. In a bid to fulfil its objectives, ECOSOC has formed several agencies such as UN Development Program (UNDP) the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF). UNDP’s functions include publishing the UN Human Development Index and offering grant based technical assistance. Through the UN Human Development Index, much has been done in eradicating poverty, illiteracy and improving development in some of the badly hit countries. One of FAO’s tasks is promoting agriculture and in doing so, some of the food problems in developing countries have been solved. UN has also played an important role in preventing child abuse and fighting for children’s rights across the globe through UNICEF.
UN has other agencies such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Health Organization (WHO). Through the World Bank many countries have accessed development loans thereby reducing the levels of under development especially in the developing countries. In times of disaster and emergencies the UN has been on the forefront of resolving the crisis by offering funds via the IMF. WHO is responsible for eradicating diseases and offering solutions for international health problems. For instance, WHO was responsible for eradication of smallpox, polio, leprosy and just recently almost came up with a cure for the Ebola pandemic. WHO is also responsible for distributing vaccines across the world such as the tetanus vaccine. UN is on the forefront of fighting the AIDS epidemic through the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). In addition, UN’s WFP provides 26 % of
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In the light of aforesaid, a discussion is carried out over the effectiveness of United Nations in the resolution of social and political crisis that happened to strike the humanity in the recent past. United Nations has tackled raging and roaring national sentiments and channelized them to achieve the objectives of global peace and security.
The United Nations was created in 1945 with an aim of bringing harmony to the world through taking a common approach to many of the problems that the world was facing.
The United Nation has been one for the most important bodies in the world that have worked to ensure that there is peace and tranquility in the world.
However, UN peacekeeping had not ceased, because turmoil and conflicts still mar the international community, therefore, the need for them, for ceasefires are not permanent. As a general policy upheld until now, they were only fielded in peacekeeping zones after a ceasefire was declared by both conflicting parties, and they too had given their consent to the UN to acknowledge peacekeeping personnel.
In spite of this effort for a more systematic move, the presentation of peacekeeping operations has been impromptu. This system was designed to stand-in for the collective security system, which was hindered by the stalemate in the Security Council between the permanent members.
Problems arose from this situation because previous organizations like the League of Nations had not succeeded, so it was important to create a body that was not similarly flawed. Earlier organizations had also failed
Even though multilateralism has been viewed as a valuable tool in diplomacy for the US, it has faced various challenges at the UN due to divergent schools of thought derailing some of its desired objectives.
UN is an organization regarded as an intergovernmental organization. It was created in 1945 with an aim of promoting international co-operations. It was organized in the Second World War with an aim of preventing world conflict from taking
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