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Every structure is design specific observing the building codes and laws accurately. Rana Plaza buildings failure to observe building codes rendered it a failure.
Gomes reports on an article open security published on 9 May 2013 that in Bangladesh, any permission for constructing high-rise building is obtainable through bribes, and the building built without procuring suitable materials. Unsuitable materials in most cases comprise substandard materials lacking the desired strength to withstand the forces and pressures exerted and imposed by the structure. That automatically leads to an eventual failure and collapse of the structure. In addition to the substandard materials used, the load bearing columns were found to have been erected haphazardly.
Live loads in a structure exerts pressure it as well as the dead loads. The workers form part of the live loads exerting a weight on the structure. The overcrowded workers at Rana Plaza building exerted more loading than the structure could bear. That could lead to an eventual collapse.
An early assessment conducted by NGO Asian Disaster Preparedness Center reveals the building was built primarily and purely for retail purposes. However, the building hosted three garment factories with electrical generators. The generators together shook and vibrated the poorly constructed building exerting a weight estimated to be six times more than the intended weight bearing capacity of the building. The excess loading on the structure led to its eventual collapse.
Industrial police asked the garment factory owners at Rana Plaza to keep the factories shut and only proceed further procedures after consulting with expert structural engineer. The bosses failed to respond to the directives and forced the workers in threatening them of pay cut. The presence of the workers in the already weak building exerted more pressure on it thereby causing the collapse.
The bosses ignored calls by the employees who saw cracks on the
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In this industrial accident, over 1100 humans died in a factory building collapse (The Economist). However, even as many industries come in to sign agreements which seem to guarantee that they will uphold the security of the workers, there is an increased need for these firms to understand one crucial thing; that is, the security and the safety of works is and will not be determined by the signing of safety agreements.
The mushroom urbanization in Bangladesh with a lot of population below poverty line forced people especially young females to come to industrial labor bgiy leaving their towns for the sake of earning to keep their body and soul together. Government initiated a number of plans but they went in to the mouth of corruption.
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